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Linux/Unix: Bash Set Shell Variable Command

How do I set or create variables within my shell script or at command line under Linux and Unix like operating systems?

You can easily create and set variables within a script using the following syntax:

 
variable=value
x=5
y=10
dest=/nas05/backup
today="Monday"
 

value is assigned to given variable and value must be on right side of = (equal) sign. If value is not given, the variable is assigned the null string. In this example set shell variable called dest to /nas05/backup/full, enter:

 
dest="/nas05/backup/full"
 

To display the value of a variable called dest, enter:

echo "$dest"

OR

echo "${dest}"

OR

printf "%s\n" dest

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