≡ Menu

BASH Shell

I am a new Apple OS X Mabbook user. I am getting an error which read as follows when I connect to any remote Linux/Unix/BSD server or machine through OS X ssh Terminal app:

ssh user@server1.cyberciti.biz
Last login: Wed Mar 26 08:45:36 2014 from
-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_CTYPE: cannot change locale (UTF-8): No such file or directory

How do I fix this error?
[click to continue…]

Unix: Find Directory Name From Path

I am a new Unix shell programer. How can I extract the directory name from a full path (say /nas01/data/backups/file.tar.gz)? How do I get directory name from its path on a Linux or Unix-like system?
[click to continue…]

Linux/Unix: Find Command Ignore Case Insensitive Search

I am a new Linux and Unix-command line user. I am using find command to search file called “fooBar.conf.sample” in my home directory. I do not know the case, it could be uppercase, lowercase, or a mix of both. How can search a file and ignore case on a Linux or Unix-like system?
[click to continue…]

Minify and Compress CSS & Javascript Files At a Linux/Unix Shell Prompt

How do I minify and compress CSS & JS files on Linux or Unix-like system using shell prompt on my server? How can I minify JavaScripts and stylesheets at shell promot so they can download faster over the Internet without using any online tools?
[click to continue…]

Explain: {,} in cp or mv Bash Shell Commands

I often see commands as follows posted on blog or forums

cp /etc/httpd/httpd.{,.bakup}


mv resume{z,}.doc

What is the purpose of {,} in Linux and Unix shell commands?
[click to continue…]

Ubuntu Copy File Command

I‘m a new Ubuntu Linux user. This seems like a newbie question, but I can not seem to find examples to copy files on Ubuntu. How do I copy file to another directory on Ubuntu Linux using command line terminal application? How can I copy files via terminal on Ubuntu Linux desktop?
[click to continue…]

Unix / Linux: Check New Files In File System /var/www/uploads/

Recently, I switched from MS-Windows based web-server to CentOS Linux based Apache web-server. All user uploaded files are stored in /var/www/uploads/ directory. Is there command that can give me a list of files that have been added to the filesystem at /var/www/uploads/ in last 7 days on Linux/Unix-like oses?
[click to continue…]

Linux / Unix: whereis Command Examples

whereis command

I am a new Linux and Unix-like system command line user. How do I find and locate the binary, source, and manual page files for a given command?
[click to continue…]

Mac OS X: Install wget Network Downloader Utility

I recently learned that “wget” can continue getting a partially-downloaded (resume download) file. I am unable to find wget command on Mac OS X. How do I install install wget on Mac OS X (Mountain Lion/ Mavericks / Snow Leopard)? How can I install wget in Mac OS X without 3rd-party repo such as Homebrew or MacPorts?
[click to continue…]

What Does –– (double dash) Mean In SSH Shell Command?

I see lots of seasoned admins and cloud provider wrapper scripts use ssh client command as follows in shell:

ssh nixcraft@server1.cyberciti.biz --

What the double -- (dash) does here? Why it is used in this shell command and why not just use the following?

ssh nixcraft@server1.cyberciti.biz
[click to continue…]