Debian / Ubuntu Linux HowTos and Guides

Tutorials, howtos, Q & A about GNU/Debian and Ubuntu Linux. Topic includes server security, installation, firewall, web-server, mail-server, proxy server and and much more. ( rss feed ).

How do I install and use gcutil – a command-line tool that is used to manage Google Compute Engine resources under Debian or Ubuntu or CentOS/Fedora Linux desktop operating systems?

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I have installed Debian or Ubuntu Linux on Dell Inspiron / Latitude / Precision / Vostro laptop. How do I see the current CPU temperature? How do I control and see fan status on Dell laptop?

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How do I install wake on lan client under Ubuntu Linux desktop to wakeup Unix or Linux based servers?

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Recently Debian Linux version 7.0 (“Wheezy”) released. This version shipped with many new features – improvements to multimedia support, improved security through hardening flags and the OpenStack suite and the Xen Cloud Platform to name a few. How do I upgrades from Debian Linux version 6.x.x (squeeze) to the latest version 7.0.0 wheezy using command line options? How do I upgrade my Debian 6.x server to 7.x over the ssh session?

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My iptables based firewall allows only port TCP 80 and 443. I also need tcp port # 22, but I do not have static IP at my home. How do I open and close TCP port #22 on demand under Debian or Ubuntu Linux based server systems? How do I install a port-knock server called knockd and configure it with iptables to open tcp port #22 or any other ports?

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How do I install rubygems package manager for Ruby on rails (RoR) under Debian or Ubuntu Linux operating systems?

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I have the following message whenever I use the apt-get command under Debian or Ubuntu Linux:

The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
libaccess-bridge-java libjs-mochikit python-cheetah libjs-excanvas
libaccess-bridge-java-jni sabnzbdplus-theme-smpl tzdata-java
ca-certificates-java
Use ‘apt-get autoremove’ to remove them.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 4 not upgraded.

How do I fix this issue? Is it safe to remove all unwanted packages?

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