FreeBSD Tutorials and HowTos

Here you will find tutorial about FreeBSD unix operating system such as – configuration of network, PF firewall/packet filtering, NTA, FreeBSD kernel, building and installing packages, storage, networking services, including HTTP/HTTPS, FTP, NFS, SMB, SMTP, SSH, and NTP ( rss/feed ).

I‘m a new FreeBSD Unix system user. How can I find out the process/programs names listing on a certain port on a FreeBSD Unix systems using command line? How do I lookup the process which is currently bound to the given network port on a FreeBSD server?


My OpenSSH server listing on TCP port number 2222. How can I use ssh-copy-id with an sshd server with listing on a different port on a Linux or Unix-like systems?


I work from a small office/home office and I need to set up an IPSec site-to-site VPN between a Cisco/OpeNBSD IPSec-enabled gateway and firewall running PFSense. How do I configure the VPN tunnel so that I can access remote subnet and servers behiend a Cisco firewall/router securely? How do I setup a tunnel mode configuration which will provide you with an encrypted site-to-site network, allowing networks at multiple remote locations to be able to securely communicate using my PFSense located in my SOHO?


I recently switched from MS-Windows server to a FreeBSD Unix server. How can I see list of mounted file systems on a FreeBSD based Unix server using command line options?


I‘m a new Ubuntu Linux user. In Linux, Apple OS X or Unix-like systems, how do I reissue or repeat a long command without retying it?


I have a Linux DD-WRT router DHCP server running on my network. How can I force my FreeBSD based dhcp client to get a new lease from this Linux based router? What is the command in FreeBSD equivalent to Windows’ “ipconfig /renew” command?


I want test my Linux, OpenBSD, FreeBSD and Unix-like server entirely for high load and monitoring the health under stress. How can I stress out my CPU, memory, I/O, and disk stress and more with stress test tool on a Linux or Unix-like systems?