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Package Manager HowTos

Topic include Linux and Unix package management system including apt-get, yum, and other package manager. Example includes installing, upgrading, configuring, troubleshooting, and removing software packages on Linux and Unix like oses in a consistent manner ( rss feed ).

I am using a CentOS Linux v6.5 on my home server and I am getting the following error when I execute yum command:

rpmdb: PANIC: fatal region error detected; run recovery
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->open: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 - (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.main:

Error: rpmdb open failed

How do I fix this problem on a CentOS / RHEL based system?
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How can I update for Google Cloud SDK components on a Linux or OS X unix based systems?
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I am a new RHEL / Centos Linux server admin. I would like yum to update all packages except the Linux Kernel. How can I prevent yum command from updating kernel on a CentOS/RHEL/Fedora Linux based systems?
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I am a new CentOS / RHEL 6.x server user and DevOP. I need to lock a package called nginx on a server being updated via yum command. How do I lock package version at a particular version on CentOS / Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6.x or Fedora Linux?
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CentOS / RHEL: Install php-tidy Module / Extension

I am a new CentOS / RHEL / Red Hat / Fedora Linux server user. I need to provide tidy library support using php. How do I install php-tidy on RHEL or CentOS Linux for Apache server?
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CentOS / RHEL: See Detailed History Of yum Commands

I would like to see detailed information on the history of yum transactions such as updates, deleted packages, and other information. How do I see history of yum commands on CentOS / RHEL 6.x based server? How do I undo or redo or rollback packages using yum command?
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CentOS Linux v6.5 has been released and available via repos for immediate update. The new version includes several hundred bug fixes for, and enhancements to the Linux kernel. How do I upgrade from CentOS Linux version 6.0 / 6.1 / 6.2 / 6.3 or 6.4 to the latest version 6.5?
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