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A very serious security problem has been found in the virtual floppy drive QEMU's code used by many computer virtualization platforms including Xen, KVM, VirtualBox, and the native QEMU client. It is called VENOM vulnerability. How can I fix VENOM vulnerability and protect my Linux server against the attack? How do I verify that my server has been fixed against the VENOM vulnerability?
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How can I modify partition labels on a Linux operating systems? How to change disk name on the ext4 file system on a Ubuntu Linux using command line?
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I'm a new Ubuntu Linux user. In Linux, Apple OS X or Unix-like systems, how do I reissue or repeat a long command without retying it?
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The GHOST (CVE-2015-0235) is serious network function vulnerability in Glibc. How do I check and test if a my Linux based server is secure using command line options?
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Linux: Start / Stop / Restart Apparmor

AppArmor is a Linux Security Module (LSM) implementation of name-based mandatory access controls (MAC). How do I start / stop / restart AppArmor under Ubuntu Linux or OpenSuse / Suse Enterprise Linux server systems running on IBM hardware?
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I'm setting up server on an Amazon EC2 compute instance powered by Suse Enterprise Linux server. I am using the following command to login into the my EC2 compute from OS X/Ubuntu desktop:

ssh -i suse-ec2-server-jp.pem root@ec2-xx-yy-zzz-yyy.compute-1.amazonaws.com

I am getting the following error:
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@ WARNING: UNPROTECTED PRIVATE KEY FILE! @
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
Permissions 0440 for 'suse-ec2-server-jp.pem' are too open.
It is recommended that your private key files are NOT accessible by others.
This private key will be ignored.
bad permissions: ignore key: suse-ec2-server-jp.pem
Password:

How do I fix this problem and login using ssh command?
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Linux: Update All Packages Command

How do I update all installed packages on Linux operating systems? How do I perform upgrading packages through a network on Linux operating systems?
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