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Linux Change Disk Label Name on EXT2 / EXT3 / EXT4 File Systems

How can I modify partition labels on a Linux operating systems? How to change disk name on the ext4 file system on a Ubuntu Linux using command line?
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Bash: Reissue And Repeat A Long Command Without Retyping It on a Linux, OS X & Unix

I‘m a new Ubuntu Linux user. In Linux, Apple OS X or Unix-like systems, how do I reissue or repeat a long command without retying it?
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Glibc: GHOST Vulnerability Test To See If a Linux Sever Is Secure

The GHOST (CVE-2015-0235) is serious network function vulnerability in Glibc. How do I check and test if a my Linux based server is secure using command line options?
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Linux: Start / Stop / Restart Apparmor

AppArmor is a Linux Security Module (LSM) implementation of name-based mandatory access controls (MAC). How do I start / stop / restart AppArmor under Ubuntu Linux or OpenSuse / Suse Enterprise Linux server systems running on IBM hardware?
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SSH: WARNING: UNPROTECTED PRIVATE KEY FILE! Error and Solution

I‘m setting up server on an Amazon EC2 compute instance powered by Suse Enterprise Linux server. I am using the following command to login into the my EC2 compute from OS X/Ubuntu desktop:

ssh -i suse-ec2-server-jp.pem root@ec2-xx-yy-zzz-yyy.compute-1.amazonaws.com

I am getting the following error:
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@ WARNING: UNPROTECTED PRIVATE KEY FILE! @
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
Permissions 0440 for 'suse-ec2-server-jp.pem' are too open.
It is recommended that your private key files are NOT accessible by others.
This private key will be ignored.
bad permissions: ignore key: suse-ec2-server-jp.pem
Password:

How do I fix this problem and login using ssh command?
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Linux: Update All Packages Command

How do I update all installed packages on Linux operating systems? How do I perform upgrading packages through a network on Linux operating systems?
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Linux: Show All Members of a Group

I am a new Linux user and created couple of groups on server. I need to find out all members of a group called “ftponly”. How do I list all members of a group on Linux or Unix-like systems?
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Unix / Linux: Show First 10 or 20 Lines Of a File

I have a directory with many files. I am trying to write a shell script that will only show first 10 or 20 lines of a file. How do I display first 10 or 20 lines of a file on Linux or Unix-like systems?
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HowTo: grep All Sub-directory For Files

How do I grep all sub directories? How can I use grep command through all sub-directories on Linux or Unix like operating systems? How do I use grep to find pattern including all subdirectories on OS X/BSD/Unix-like operating systems?
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Linux / Unix: Rsync Copy Files & Directories Names With WhiteSpaces and Blanks

I need to transfer a file called ‘some cool movie.avi’ that contains whitespace under rsync. How do I escape a filename or directory name with spaces in them while using rsync command under Linux / *BSD / Unix like operating systems? How do I use rsync when files / dirs contain spaces?
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