Debian 7 Wheezy: Install Flash Player

by on June 9, 2013 · 34 comments· LAST UPDATED August 23, 2013

in , ,

I am a new Debian Linux version 7 user. I found out that Pandora player is not working due to Adobe flash player. How do I install and use flash player on Debian 7 with Firefox browser?

Tutorial details
DifficultyEasy (rss)
Root privilegesYes
Requirementsnon-free repo
Estimated completion time10 minutes
Adobe Flash Player is a multimedia plugin used to play video, games, streaming, and interactivity to Web pages. This how-to describes how to install the Adobe Flash Player (also known as the Macromedia Flash Player), on Debian 7 desktop or laptop systems.

Say, hello to flashplugin-nonfree package

This package acts as a wrapper packages and will download the Flash Player from Adobe. It is a Netscape/Mozilla type plugin. Any browser based on Netscape or Mozilla can use the Flash Player such as

  1. Mozilla-Firefox
  2. Iceweasel
  3. Iceape
  4. Galeon
  5. Epiphany
  6. Konqueror if konqueror-nsplugins is installed.

Installation

Open a terminal and edit the file /etc/apt/sources.list using a text editor and make sure following line exists:
deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian stable main contrib non-free
Save and close the file. Type the following command:
$ sudo apt-get update
Next, type the following apt-get command to install flash player plugin:
$ sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree
OR
# apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree
Sample outputs:

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Suggested packages:
  konqueror-nsplugins ttf-xfree86-nonfree hal
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  flashplugin-nonfree
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 20.1 kB of archives.
After this operation, 181 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://mirrors.kernel.org/debian/ wheezy/contrib flashplugin-nonfree amd64 1:3.2 [20.1 kB]
Fetched 20.1 kB in 2s (8982 B/s)
Can't set locale; make sure $LC_* and $LANG are correct!
perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
	LANGUAGE = "en_IN:en",
	LC_ALL = (unset),
	LC_CTYPE = "UTF-8",
	LANG = "en_IN"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to the standard locale ("C").
locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_ALL to default locale: No such file or directory
Selecting previously unselected package flashplugin-nonfree.
(Reading database ... 193647 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking flashplugin-nonfree (from .../flashplugin-nonfree_1%3a3.2_amd64.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_ALL to default locale: No such file or directory
Processing triggers for hicolor-icon-theme ...
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils ...
Processing triggers for gnome-menus ...
Setting up flashplugin-nonfree (1:3.2) ...
--2013-06-05 15:55:53--  http://fpdownload.macromedia.com/get/flashplayer/pdc/11.2.202.285/install_flash_player_11_linux.x86_64.tar.gz
Resolving fpdownload.macromedia.com (fpdownload.macromedia.com)... 173.222.18.70
Connecting to fpdownload.macromedia.com (fpdownload.macromedia.com)|173.222.18.70|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 7234643 (6.9M) [application/x-gzip]
Saving to: `/tmp/flashplugin-nonfree.i7GZyK1Oxl/install_flash_player_11_linux.x86_64.tar.gz'
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2013-06-05 15:56:12 (504 KB/s) - `/tmp/flashplugin-nonfree.i7GZyK1Oxl/install_flash_player_11_linux.x86_64.tar.gz' saved [7234643/7234643]

How do I verify installation?

Close the browser. Open Firefox/Iceweasel and click on the Tools menu > choose Add-ons

Fig.01: Firefox/Iceweasel tools menu

Fig.01: Firefox/Iceweasel tools menu


Choose Plugins tab. You should see flasy player as follows in the list:
Fig.02: Verification for Flash player on Debian 7

Fig.02: Verification for Flash player on Debian 7


Open a webrowser and visit the following youtube video for testing purpose:
http://youtu.be/jqlIQ0MXsnA

And there you have it a working flash player for Firefox/Iceweasel on Debian Linux version 7.

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{ 34 comments… read them below or add one }

1 meow June 9, 2013 at 2:14 pm

adobe and flash sucks!

Reply

2 lo June 27, 2013 at 10:51 am

Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
Package flashplugin-nonfree is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source

E: Package ‘flashplugin-nonfree’ has no installation candidate

_________________________________
Why ??????? I still can’t find out the problem…

Reply

3 Bruce Gilbert June 29, 2013 at 3:04 pm

Allo lo! I have been having MAJOR problems trying to get flash working on my system, too. However, I suspect that your problem may be that you do not have the correct source in your /etc/apt/sources.list file?
or is only available from another source
It is hard to give you specific instructions but I recommend that you google your problem including OSver. + browser ver. e.g.:for myself: “Debian 7 wheezy Iceweasel 17.0.7 esr” how to add correct repository for flashplugin-nonfree? …mind you, I did so & downloaded it & installed it ok…but it still does not work….(YET!) Your mileage may vary…(I hope so! GBU!)

Reply

4 R S Chakravarti July 2, 2013 at 2:55 am

In your file /etc/apt/sources.list you need to enable a “contrib” repository:
write a line like

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian main contrib non-free

and run apt-get update. (This package doesn’t need non-free but you might as well include it; it may be useful later.) After that, the procedure given will work.

Reply

5 kw July 4, 2013 at 4:12 pm

RS, thanks for the info, but after adding the ‘contrib’ repository as above I still get:

apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
Package flashplugin-nonfree is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source

E: Package ‘flashplugin-nonfree’ has no installation candidate

If you have any ideas, I’d appreciate them. Off I go to learn more about apt-get sources!

Reply

6 R S Chakravarti July 4, 2013 at 5:36 pm

Correction: The word “stable” or “wheezy” should appear just before “main”.

Then run “apt-get update” as root, while connected to the Internet. After this you can install packages with “apt-get install”.

Sorry for the error. Was that the problem?

Reply

7 ok June 28, 2013 at 1:45 am

lo,

you need to add non-free to your apt sources.
edit /etc/apt/sources.list and add after main “contrib non-free”

my apt.sources list look like this

deb http://ftp.nl.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.nl.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free

deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

# wheezy-updates, previously known as ‘volatile’
deb http://ftp.nl.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.nl.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main contrib non-free

Reply

8 Bruce Gilbert June 29, 2013 at 8:10 pm

Dear lo,
Followup: Yea! I downloaded the latest “esr” – Extended Support Release – version of Iceweasel; for which I had to first enable a “backport” repository source. Then I used apt-get to download & install – (“apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree”) – [making sure I had the "nonfree" repository source was also enabled in /etc/apt/sources.list] – the Adobe FlashPlayer plugin.
F-I-N-A-L-L-Y I realised why it did not work: I restarted my new browser & Halleluyah! it works!
lo – I hope that this helps! ‘b’ye – Bruce.

Reply

9 kw July 6, 2013 at 11:58 am

RS, thanks for the prompt reply!

I added ‘wheezy’ to the contrib line as above, but I still get :
“Package flashplugin-onfree is not availabe, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source
E: Package ‘flashplugin-nonfree’ has no installation candidate”

Now it occurs to me, I didn’t mention I’m using PowerPC architecture. Is that going to make a difference?
And how do I track down a good source for installation?

I also get errors after apt-get update such as
“W: Failed to fetch http://mozilla.debian.net/dists/wheezy-backports/iceweasel-release/binary-powerpc/Packages 404 Not Found” , does that mean my architecture isn’t supported for backports?

Many thanks.

Reply

10 R S Chakravarti July 6, 2013 at 12:28 pm

Yes, maybe this package is not available for Debian on powerpc. I understand that many packages are only available for i386 and amd64.

You can visit the site http://ftp.debian.org with your browser using either ftp or http. Or search for packages you want in synaptic.

I don’t understand the last problem. Maybe there are no backports for powerpc. You can try visiting the site.

Reply

11 Name August 5, 2013 at 1:58 pm

It works, thanks ! And the correct contrib line is indeed ;

deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian stable main contrib non-free

Reply

12 R S Chakravarti August 6, 2013 at 2:31 am

You can use ftp or http. The package is available only for i386 and amd64.

Reply

13 Don August 7, 2013 at 9:12 am

Debian users with older AMD cpus will be interested to know that from Adobe Flashplayer v11, SSE2 cpus will be required or it will not work.

Reply

14 Paulus/laudaka November 17, 2013 at 4:49 am

Great post :-) This info is a very good addition to the info on the wiki of the Debian Project. https://wiki.debian.org/FlashPlayer But I recommend reading the Debian Project wiki if you run into any other problems not mentioned here. For example if you are connected to the internet via a proxy. It also mentions the problem of some old CPUs not having SSE2.

Reply

15 Elias August 23, 2013 at 4:09 pm

Here works fine after fix the address on /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian stable main contrib non-free

This How-To must be updated with this correction… But thanks for this howto, and thanks to “Name” to appoint the mistake…

Reply

16 luis September 6, 2013 at 12:40 am

Great tutorial, helped me get the rdio app working on my x202e. It was odd because youtube would work but when I tried to get rdio to start playing it wouldn’t work. Regardless this fixed it
Thanks!

Reply

17 gabriela September 12, 2013 at 12:31 am

Hi I have this problem the system didnt let me edit /etc/apt/sources.list
I tried with gedit and going directly to the text editos but didnt let me save it and I am already login in as a root
I dont know what to do

Reply

18 gabriela September 12, 2013 at 12:43 am

sorry i google my problem and I solve it aesily you have to put sudo bash to let you gedit thank you for make this post was really helpfull for me XD

Reply

19 umar October 13, 2013 at 4:51 pm

epiphany-browser does not automatically use flasplugin-nonfree on wheezy 32-bit

Reply

20 Allysson October 29, 2013 at 1:50 pm

Thanks brother! nice post.

Reply

21 jb November 30, 2013 at 11:10 pm

That’s it. I am giving up on Linux. Even after 2 weeks, nothing but headaches and frustrations. Between trying to install something as simple as Flash, to Linux not supporting certain wireless network adapters. Eff this, I am going back to Windblows.

Reply

22 dinosaur December 2, 2013 at 4:37 am

@jb: if the comparison is about who has better proprietary tools, linux isn’t going to win, as it’s an impossible fight.

Reply

23 Andrew December 3, 2013 at 4:23 pm
24 Denikin January 9, 2014 at 12:39 am

Thanks for this manual, I successfully install Adobe Flash Player in Debian 7 Wheezy :)

Reply

25 joão evangelista January 18, 2014 at 4:21 am

Muito boa dica perfeito.

Reply

26 dave February 21, 2014 at 5:47 pm

i don’t know why in thesam hell debian doesn’t have adobe flashplayer pre installed for you or have software sources tool seriously not one of these comments is giving a striaght answer!?!?

Reply

27 Antonio Gregorio Montes March 4, 2014 at 11:05 pm

Thank you!

Reply

28 grzegorz bajson March 5, 2014 at 8:19 am

thanks a lot!

Reply

29 Ravi Dhoriya April 9, 2014 at 12:23 pm

Thank you :D

Reply

30 ricky April 24, 2014 at 12:59 am

re:jb November 30, 2013 at 11:10 pm

That’s it. I am giving up on Linux. Even after 2 weeks, nothing but headaches and frustrations. Between trying to install something as simple as Flash, to Linux not supporting certain wireless network adapters. Eff this, I am going back to Windblows.

linux is not for everyone but you find too been free fast and of education give it a change let I purchase a asus after have win8 and win 7 and even big U linux it does every thing in memory dont have video card of all os debian is only os for this computer its not small or old 325 gb drive 4 gb ram but intel is no good in side
in short after more 5years with linux love them big and small but the debian stop from having replace my gift my wife purchase for me
mr wells
denver colorado

Reply

31 rbrband57 June 8, 2014 at 12:00 am

Flash isn’t prenstalled because the source code isn’t freely available–it’s a “binary. Technically, the open source community and its policies prove still set against proprietary” code–alway, the community prefers the true and most current source code.

On the other hand, Adobe, AMD, and other companies often wish to keep their code secret. After all, a great deal of money and effort went into that. (This is why Microsoft and Apple code proves so tight, as well.) Adobe certainly doesn’t want Apple (Quicktime) to know it’s code secrets–AMD certainly doesn’t desire for nVidia to obtain such knowledge, either (definitely, vice-versa).

Pretty much, it’s common knowledge that linux versions for Adobe’s flash and the HDMI codec (found in AMD’s linux binary catalyst version, “fglrx”) for supported AMD Radeon chipsets must come from the contrib/nonfree repository. The distro creators reluctantly assented to provide such repositories. nVidia and Realtek also have linux versions of some of their binaries in nonfree, too.

It seems still to prove almost a ritual–a “right of passage”: After installing a new distro or reformating and reinstalling for file corruption in a distro, one must enable the nonfree repository in order to obtain such functions. It’s just something one must do, still.

I’ve been using ethernet for a long time–I do remember painful past compatibility problems concerning wireless adapters, though. I thought that “wrappers” (“get arounds”) later helped the situation–problems apparently exist–still.

As for flash, reader, and shockwave, Adobe developed them and owns the rights–thus, certainly, they have the right to kill support and even to charge for use. It’s proprietary–the community really can do nothing much to force a change in policies–they must rely upon support from such companies to help create open-source versions of their code (or for binary support) in the first place. Drivers and binaries in Linux (and for Apple) long have remained thorny issues for users.

The open source community has raised all boats, though. Thus, such large companies still work with the community–it proves in their mutual best interests. A great deal of Amazon’s Kindle and Google’s Android code proves intrircately related to open source software.

Currently, the now-outdated 11.2 version of flash proves problematic in Iceweasel, Firefox, and Chromium (among other open source browsers)–Adobe killed support for upgrading binaries to versions after 11.2–the architecture is considered by Google and Adobe as outdated and prone to attack and problems: That’s valid reasoning to invoke some changes. Google and Adobe do offer a later version–“pepper”–it’s in the linux Chrome binary and also works (reportedly) as a plugin in Chromium. I’m uncertain concerning using the plugin with Iceweasel and Firefox though (the situation proves likely true of “Konqueror” and “Epiphany,” too.) That’s why I visit here, now.

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32 otegi June 18, 2014 at 7:21 pm

apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree

AND

update-flashplugin-nonfree –install

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33 Mr. Jan Hearthstone October 21, 2014 at 10:29 am

Thank you!
Hearthstone.

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34 rbrband57 October 21, 2014 at 7:24 pm

I think that the 64-bit Debian version for flash generally works again (the very sick Xfinity still proves a holdout)–32-bit flash-plugin-nonfree proves again problematic. Google/Chromium/Chrome apparently also has killed 32-bit support, also–they simply won’t load: Nonetheless, they prove still available for 32-bit install, I believe. One still may get to gmail and Google search via Firefox. Youtube and flash proves OK again with 64-bit, at this point.

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