How do I disable unnecessary services under Mac OS X to secure my Mac OS X based desktop / server / laptop?
Mac OS X use the following directories to start various services (quoting from the man page):
- /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/ - System-wide daemons provided by Mac OS X
- /System/Library/LaunchAgents/ - Per-user agents provided by Mac OS X.
- ~/Library/LaunchAgents/ - Per-user agents provided by the user.
- /Library/LaunchAgents/ - Per-user agents provided by the administrator.
- /Library/LaunchDaemons/ - System-wide daemons provided by the administrator.
launchd manages processes, both for the system as a whole and for individual users using .plist files. Open the terminal and type the following commands to view directory files:
cd /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/ ls -l ls -l | less
cd /System/Library/LaunchAgents/ ls -l ls -l | less
How Do I Disable Unnecessary Services?
You need to use the launchctl command as follows:
sudo launchctl unload -w /path/to/.plist/file sudo launchctl unload -w /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/file.plist
In this example, you are disabling the Bonjour service, enter:
sudo launchctl unload -w /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/com.apple.mDNSResponder.plist sudo launchctl unload -w /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/com.apple.mDNSResponderHelper.plist
- launchctl(1) man page.
- 30 Handy Bash Shell Aliases For Linux / Unix / Mac OS X
- Top 30 Nmap Command Examples For Sys/Network Admins
- 25 PHP Security Best Practices For Sys Admins
- 20 Linux System Monitoring Tools Every SysAdmin Should Know
- 20 Linux Server Hardening Security Tips
- Linux: 20 Iptables Examples For New SysAdmins
- Top 20 OpenSSH Server Best Security Practices
- Top 20 Nginx WebServer Best Security Practices
- 20 Examples: Make Sure Unix / Linux Configuration Files Are Free From Syntax Errors
- 15 Greatest Open Source Terminal Applications Of 2012
- My 10 UNIX Command Line Mistakes
- Top 10 Open Source Web-Based Project Management Software
- Top 5 Email Client For Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows Users
- The Novice Guide To Buying A Linux Laptop