Linux: Find Out Video Card Memory RAM Size Using Command Line Utility

by on April 18, 2007 · 23 comments· LAST UPDATED August 2, 2011

in , ,

I have a quick question for you, Vivek: I'm trying to find out my NVDIA display card memory size. I’m using Fedora Core Linux. How do I find out my VIDEO Card Memory size?

You need to use the following commands to find out graphics card memory.

  1. lspci command - It is a utility for displaying information about all PCI buses in the system and all devices connected to them.
  2. /var/log/Xorg.0.log - Xorg log file

lspci Command Example To Find Out Graphics Card Memory Size

Open a terminal and type the lspci command
$ lspci
Output:

00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE/PE DRAM Controller/Host-Hub Interface (rev 03)
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE Chipset Integrated Graphics Device (rev 03)
00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 02)
00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev 02)
00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev 02)
00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-M) USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 02)
00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 PCI Bridge (rev 82)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL (ICH4/ICH4-L) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 02)
00:1f.1 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801DB (ICH4) IDE Controller (rev 02)
00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) SMBus Controller (rev 02)
00:1f.5 Multimedia audio controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) AC'97 Audio Controller (rev 02)
01:00.0 Network controller: RaLink RT2561/RT61 rev B 802.11g
01:02.0 Multimedia video controller: Brooktree Corporation Bt878 Video Capture (rev 11)
01:02.1 Multimedia controller: Brooktree Corporation Bt878 Audio Capture (rev 11)
01:05.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL-8139/8139C/8139C+ (rev 10)

You need to use string called devices in the specified domain - 00:02.0 VGA (highlighted in red color to display memory info):
$ lspci -v -s 00:02.0
Sample outputs:

00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE Chipset Integrated Graphics Device (rev 03) (prog-if 00 [VGA])
        Subsystem: Giga-byte Technology Unknown device 2562
        Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 177
        Memory at d0000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) [size=128M]
        Memory at d8200000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=512K]
        Capabilities: 

This listing shows an Intel video card with 128 MB of video RAM. If you cannot find devices in the specified domain use following command and look for your display card name and memory field:
$ lspci -v | less

Xorg Log File

Open a command-line terminal (select Applications > Accessories > Terminal), and then type:
$ grep -i --color memory /var/log/Xorg.0.log
Sample outputs:

(--) Aug 02 12:16:20 NVIDIA(0): Memory: 1048576 kBytes
(II) Aug 02 12:16:21 NVIDIA: Using 768.00 MB of virtual memory for indirect memory access.
(==) NVIDIA(0): Disabling shared memory pixmaps

The above output indicate that my Nvidia card has 1024MB ram. The following is taken from my Macbook, which has Intel GM965 Video card. It shares memory from main RAM:
$ grep -i memory /var/log/Xorg.0.log
Sample outputs:

[2318869.434] (II) intel(0): detected 15868 kB stolen memory.
[2318869.472] (II) intel(0): I830CheckAvailableMemory: 1966080 kB available
[2318869.486] (II) intel(0): Attempting memory allocation with tiled buffers.
[2318870.197] (II) intel(0): Fixed memory allocation layout:
[2318870.197] (II) intel(0): 0x00f7f000:            end of stolen memory
[2318870.197] (II) intel(0): 0x00f7f000-0x0fffffff: DRI memory manager (246276 kB)
[2318870.197] (II) intel(0): BO memory allocation layout:
[2318870.197] (II) intel(0): 0x00f7f000:            start of memory manager
[2318870.197] (II) intel(0): 0x10000000:            end of memory manager
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{ 23 comments… read them below or add one }

1 winrid August 3, 2008 at 4:50 pm

How do I check the amount of video card memory being used?

Reply

2 Fox August 21, 2008 at 8:26 pm

Thx, that helped me, but waht means “access denied” after the “capabilities”? That means my vga card is not in use? (I think)

Reply

3 sherif April 16, 2011 at 8:44 am

try sudo

Reply

4 Kandi Klover March 23, 2014 at 10:20 pm

heheh ur a furry <3 murr

Reply

5 dibber September 7, 2008 at 6:28 pm

Thank you but can you clarify; how do you view video memory in use additionally?

When I follow the above instructions, I get a much lower amount of memory than I know what is on this particular video card. The need for this is when I don’t know how much memory; on a laptop for instance.

@Fox
I don’t know why exactly the capabilities require root privs but that seems to be the case. Try:

sudo lspci -v -s 00:02.0

Reply

6 Frans van Beckel September 14, 2008 at 8:13 am

what means “access denied” after the “capabilities”?

Do use superuser. #sudo lspci -v -s 00:02.0

Reply

7 luke October 20, 2008 at 7:39 pm

how do i find how much memory my video card has?

Reply

8 Danny G March 20, 2009 at 1:55 am

You could also do:

lspci -v | grep VGA -A12

To focus the -v option right to the VGA adapter

Reply

9 leo October 26, 2009 at 6:13 pm

Hi,

for this example the output of your video card is the same as the one ‘m using, and I cannot find the correct intel video driver (the one currently install keeps crashing every so often) which video driver did you install –for Intel Corporation 82845G/GL?
I’m using arch linux

Thanks.

Reply

10 Gustavo H Reyes November 17, 2009 at 7:35 pm
[admin@ttcol06p admin]$ sudo grep -i mem /var/log/XFree86.0.log|grep VESA
(II) VESA(0): VESA VBE Total Mem: 8000 kB
(II) VESA(0): Total Memory: 125 64KB banks (8000kB)
(II) VESA(0): VESA VBE Total Mem: 8000 kB

For Xorg:

grep -i mem /var/log/Xorg.0.log |grep VESA

Saludos desde Argentina!

Reply

11 raj April 6, 2010 at 7:21 am

how to run .exe files in linux?

Reply

12 Hashmatullah October 10, 2010 at 5:00 pm

You cannot run .exe files under UNIX/Linux operating systems. These .exe files are solely created for Windows Operating Systems. You have something else instead of .exe files under Linux and they are called .rpm files which are the executable formats, do not be confused with the definition of executable and .exe file.

Reply

13 Propeng October 30, 2010 at 9:42 am

No. RPM files are just archives (packages) of software, and they are meant to be used on Red Hat-based distros (such as Fedora and CentOS). Linux executable files do not have a specific extension, but are usually in the ELF format. You can also “execute” interpreted scripts, such as shell and Python scripts.

Reply

14 Hashmatullah October 30, 2010 at 5:34 pm

Well, when first i landed to the Unix world, i would assume that everything will be the same as is in Windows Operating Systems. Reluctantly I would try to install some proprietary graphics software coded for Windows Platform and I would receive some obscure and absurd response from my Linux machine. This is the case that a newbie assumes that he/she is able to do the same in both platforms. Albeit, I have to mention that if someone really wants to know the intricacy of operating systems then the best book to start with is “Modern Operating Systems” by venerable Andrews S. Tanenbaum.

Reply

15 raj kumar April 28, 2013 at 12:04 pm

if you have binary .exe then use wine
or if .net .exe use mono to run exe that my personal experience

Reply

16 Daniel April 21, 2010 at 8:33 pm

This is what I’m using in one of my scripts. And as the comments say, it doesn’t always return the correct value.

###############################################################################
# Function  : guess_video_memory
# Parameters: none
# A sloppy function to attempt to retrieve video memory.  This is known to be
# incorrect in some cases, although the value returned should never be higher
# than actual. If you know a better way, please email it to me!
###############################################################################
guess_video_memory() {
    test -x /usr/sbin/lspci || return 1
    slot="$(/usr/sbin/lspci | grep "VGA compatible controller:" | awk '{print $1}')"
    test -n "${slot}" || return 1
    let videomem="$(/usr/sbin/lspci -vs ${slot} |
        egrep ' prefetchable\) \[size=[0-9]+M' |
        perl -pe 's/.*size=([0-9]+)M.*/$1/g')" || return 1
    return 0
}

Reply

17 swaroop October 10, 2011 at 3:52 am

As a matter of fact, you *can* open .EXE files in all major distros. Just make sure you install Wine.
Ubuntu & Debian: sudo apt-get install wine

Reply

18 Toppo November 24, 2011 at 7:37 pm

hey hi, i just wanna know how and where do i run the .SH file format, am using FEDORA 14.
thanx.

Reply

19 Mubeen February 11, 2012 at 10:02 pm

Hi,
using the commands mentioned in this article, I found that my notebook has 256MB video memory (32-bit, prefetchable), (Intel 945GM) on Linux Ubuntu 11.10.
However when I try to change/select the video memoy in BIOS it gives only two options : 64MB or 128 MB. I have set it to 128MB, but Ubuntu is showing 256MB … How is it possible ??

Reply

20 Jayen March 11, 2012 at 7:51 am

My Xorg.0.log has a line like this:
46 :[ 7.319] (–) PCI:*(0:0:2:0) 8086:2a02:17aa:20b5 rev 12, Mem @ 0xf8100000/1048576, 0xe0000000/268435456, I/O @ 0×00001800/8

0xe0000000/268435456 is how many bytes of memory my video card has.

Reply

21 Anand August 29, 2013 at 5:48 pm

Really helpful article.
Googled “how to check video memory on ubuntu server”, you guys were at second.

Reply

22 Sean October 12, 2013 at 1:57 pm

Very helpful. I was trying to find out how much memory my integrated card had for a windows game using the PlayOnLinux frontend for Wine.
Linked here from ubuntuforums post from 3 years ago…

Reply

23 Damon Ridley May 31, 2014 at 12:49 pm

Thanks!!! Just what I was looking for

Reply

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