Q. How do I know what packages are available to be updated on my FreeBSD Server system? How do I list all outdated packages under FreeBSD / OpenBSD operating system?
A. Use the pkg_version command which is used to produce a report of software packages installed using the pkg_add command (ports).
Each package name is printed, along with a one-character status flag. Following is the list of all valid status flags:
- = The installed version of the package is current.
- < The installed version of the package is older than the current version.
- > The installed version of the package is newer than the current version. This situation can arise with an out-of-date index file, or when testing new ports.
- ? The installed package does not appear in the index. This could be due to an out of date index or a package taken from a PR that has not yet been committed.
- * There are multiple versions of a particular software package listed in the index file.
- ! The installed package exists in the index but for some reason, pkg_version was unable to compare the version number of the installed package with the corresponding entry in the index.
List all FreeBSD / OpenBSD outdated package
# pkg_version -vIL=
bash-3.2.25 < needs updating (index has 3.2.33) bind94-18.104.22.168 < needs updating (index has 9.4.2_1) lynx-2.8.5_2 < needs updating (index has 22.214.171.124_2,1) ruby-126.96.36.199,1 < needs updating (index has 188.8.131.52_1,1) vim-lite-7.1.145 < needs updating (index has 7.1.175)
How do I update outdated packages?
See How to: FreeBSD update software and apply security patch.