Idownloaded Firefox version 15.0 from mozilla ftp server. The name of file is firefox-15.0.tar.bz2. How do I install Firefox under any Debian / Ubuntu / Fedora or any Linux distribution?
Firefox is a free and open source web browser from Mozilla. Firefox version 15 has been released and fixes major issue related to add-on memory leaks. It also includes support for the new Opus audio format and includes a new feature called silent updates.
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Step #1: Download Firefox 15
Download Firefox version 15 from the download page to your /tmp directory. Make sure you close Firefox if it's running. Open a command line-terminal and go to your /tmp directory, enter:
$ cd /tmp
If you've not saved or downloaded Firefox 15, use the wget command as follows:
$ wget 'http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/mozilla.org/firefox/releases/15.0/linux-i686/en-US/firefox-15.0.tar.bz2'
OR, you can download 64 bit version using the following command:
$ wget 'http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/mozilla.org/firefox/releases/15.0/linux-x86_64/en-US/firefox-15.0.tar.bz2'
--2012-08-29 08:43:55-- http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/mozilla.org/firefox/releases/15.0/linux-x86_64/en-US/firefox-15.0.tar.bz2 Resolving nas02... 192.168.1.11 Connecting to nas02|192.168.1.11|:3128... connected. Proxy request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 21260545 (20M) [application/x-bzip2] Saving to: `firefox-15.0.tar.bz2' 100%[==========================================>] 2,12,60,545 414K/s in 63s 2012-08-29 08:44:59 (331 KB/s) - `firefox-15.0.tar.bz2' saved [21260545/21260545]
Step #2: Extract and Install firefox-15.0.tar.bz2 Tar Ball
To extract the contents of the downloaded file called irefox-15.0.tar.bz2 and install into /opt directory, enter:
$ tar -jxvf firefox-15.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt
firefox/ firefox/libnssdbm3.so firefox/updater.ini firefox/icons/ firefox/icons/updater.png firefox/icons/mozicon128.png firefox/components/ firefox/components/libbrowsercomps.so .... .. ... firefox/dictionaries/en-US.dic firefox/libssl3.so firefox/crashreporter.ini firefox/libmozalloc.so firefox/libmozsqlite3.so firefox/precomplete
If you can not install Firefox 15 in /opt directory, due to permission issues; use the following command to install FF15 in your own home directory:
$ mkdir ~/firfox
$ tar jxvf firefox-*.tar.bz2 -C ~/firfox
Step #3: Start Firefox 15 under Linux
First, make sure you backup ~/.mozilla/ directory, enter:
$ mkdir ~/backups
$ cp -avr ~/.mozilla/ ~/backups
To start Firefox, type the firefox command script in the firefox directory:
A Note about your bookmarks and browsing history (Am I going to lose them?)
You won't lose any of your bookmarks or browsing history when you run Firefox v15, but some of your extensions and other add-ons might not work until updates for them are made available.
Check out related media
This tutorial also available in video format: