Debian / Ubuntu Linux Install Kernel Headers Package

by on October 25, 2007 · 33 comments· LAST UPDATED November 18, 2013

in , ,

I need kernel headers to compile module and vmware tools. How do I install kernel headers on Debian or Ubuntu Linux operating systems using command line options?

Tutorial details
DifficultyEasy (rss)
Root privilegesYes
RequirementsNone
Estimated completion time5m
You can easily install the Linux kernel headers for currently running kernel version using the following commands at shell prompt. Header files and scripts for building modules for Linux kernel are included in linux-header-YOUR-Kernel-Version package. Open a terminal and type the command as root user to install linux-headers* package for your running kernel.

Make sure you have updated version

Type the following apt-get command:
$ sudo apt-get update
OR as root user enter:
# apt-get update

Search for kernel version (optional)

Type the following apt-cache command :
$ apt-cache search linux-headers-$(uname -r)

Install linux-header package under Debian or Ubuntu Linux

Type the following apt-get command:
$ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
OR as root user:
# apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
Sample outputs:

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following package was automatically installed and is no longer required:
  libftdi1
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
The following extra packages will be installed:
  binutils cpp-4.3 gcc-4.3 gcc-4.3-base libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libgmp3c2 libgomp1 libmpfr4
  linux-headers-2.6.32-5-common linux-kbuild-2.6.32 linux-libc-dev manpages-dev
Suggested packages:
  binutils-doc gcc-4.3-locales gcc-4.3-multilib libmudflap0-4.3-dev gcc-4.3-doc libgcc1-dbg
  libgomp1-dbg libmudflap0-dbg glibc-doc
Recommended packages:
  gcc c-compiler
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  binutils cpp-4.3 gcc-4.3 gcc-4.3-base libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libgmp3c2 libgomp1 libmpfr4
  linux-headers-2.6.32-5-amd64 linux-headers-2.6.32-5-common linux-kbuild-2.6.32 linux-libc-dev
  manpages-dev
0 upgraded, 14 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 20.8 MB of archives.
After this operation, 68.9 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]?

See apt-get(8) page for more information.

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{ 33 comments… read them below or add one }

1 plasmafusion March 27, 2008 at 2:33 pm

this is a great automatic method for this action.
thanks :)

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2 Jack July 4, 2008 at 5:57 pm

Is there any way of getting this without having the internet on ubuntu? I need it to install a driver for my router from source

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3 Wylie Bayes January 21, 2012 at 5:18 am

You can download the kernel header files for your architecture and desired kernel as .deb files and install with dpkg as well. So you can have the .deb’s to bring to your offline system :)

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4 Jerry November 11, 2008 at 7:03 pm

Another setting if you are trying to download a different linux header version (for instance, a chrooted environment with different kernel), you can also use this while chrooted.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(`ls /lib/modules`)

this gives accurate header info.

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5 davek March 4, 2009 at 9:25 pm

thank you very much, so simple and so helpful solution !! great

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6 Ofir March 21, 2009 at 6:53 pm

Thank you very much, It helped me a lot

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7 umair June 21, 2009 at 10:16 pm

i am having a problem with the method discussed above whenever i write the command “sudo apt-get update”.
I get an error message that is “umair is not in the sudoers file. This incident will be reported.”
What do i need to do to get rid of this error message?
I would be obliged if anyone could help me out.
Regards

Reply

8 Chris R August 5, 2012 at 11:30 pm

umair,

While this is a very old thread, I am sure you found the answer. However, since I found this page on a google search, I feel this will be helpful to others as this is a common problem.

1) Log in as a non-root account umair
2) Elevate to root permissions with the command: su (followed by root password)
3) apt-get install sudo (if not already installed)
4) usermod -a -G sudo umair (-a is for add, -G is for group, sudo is the group, umair is the non-root account you wish to promote)

Excellent tutorial Vivek. 5 years later and still relevent. Cheers!

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9 Oelsen August 10, 2013 at 2:04 am

This is one of the nicest things I read this week. More of that and lmgtfy isn’t offending anymore :D

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10 gaspar July 7, 2009 at 8:53 pm

You have to gain root access with su , of course. The type visudo and write at the end of file “your login name ALL(ALL)= ALL” and save it.

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11 cparker August 10, 2009 at 3:04 pm

Awesome tip with the “linux-headers-$(uname-r)” bit, Vivek. Thanks!

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12 Clearlyarrive December 8, 2009 at 9:05 pm

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13 chief February 18, 2010 at 10:08 am

Thanks

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14 darkstar March 26, 2010 at 1:03 pm

thanks man, I used the synaptic method for updating headers. Did not know that the kernel does not need to be rebuilt for updating until now :)

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15 antonio July 8, 2010 at 11:19 am

$(uname-r) is cool, thanks

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16 Dennis September 16, 2010 at 11:53 am

Thx a lot! of all the mad googling ive done, only You were the one that helped me get it done, fast and simple.
You have a great site, by the way. thx! keep it up.

Shout out from Germany

Reply

17 subhash February 15, 2011 at 6:29 am

Hi i am using the ubuntu 10.04 in which I have installed the linux 2.6.37 kernel. In case i am using the sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) its giving the following….Couldn’t find any package by regex ‘linux-headers-2.6.37′

Any idea what is wrong?

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18 Jase February 15, 2011 at 3:15 pm

Same problem as above but using Ubuntu 10.10 server as I need to install VMware server 2.0

Reply

19 Kingsak March 25, 2011 at 9:24 am

When I run apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) . I get this error message
Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
or been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:
linux-headers-2.6.26-2-amd64: Depends: linux-kbuild-2.6.26 but it is not installable
Depends: gcc-4.1 but it is not installable
E: Broken packages

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20 Janis April 23, 2011 at 10:17 am

uname -r returns
2.6.32.2-bifferboard
where to get such source and how to use it? I am neewby may be someone could help

Reply

21 wilson April 28, 2011 at 12:35 am

I have the similar problem for compiling hello.c

> simulation@ubuntu:~/Downloads/ldd2-samples-1.0.1/misc-modules$ gcc -c hello.c
> hello.c:5: fatal error: linux/module.h: No such file or directory
> compilation terminated.

Then I did the above step:-
> simulation@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
> Reading package lists… Done
> Building dependency tree
> Reading state information… Done
> The following packages will be upgraded:
> linux-headers-2.6.35-22-generic
> 1 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 313 not upgraded.
> Need to get 771kB of archives.
> After this operation, 0B of additional disk space will be used.
> Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main linux-headers-2.6.35-22-generic i386 2.6.35-22.35 [771kB]
> Fetched 771kB in 2s (270kB/s)
> (Reading database … 118296 files and directories currently installed.)
> Preparing to replace linux-headers-2.6.35-22-generic 2.6.35-22.33 (using …/linux-headers-2.6.35-22-generic_2.6.35-22.35_i386.deb) …
> Unpacking replacement linux-headers-2.6.35-22-generic …
> Setting up linux-headers-2.6.35-22-generic (2.6.35-22.35) …
> Examining /etc/kernel/header_postinst.d.
> run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/header_postinst.d/nvidia-common 2.6.35-22-generic /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-22-generic

After the above step is done, I recompile again, I am still having the same issue.

Other information of my system:-
> simulation@ubuntu:~$ uname -a
> Linux ubuntu 2.6.35-22-generic #33-Ubuntu SMP Sun Sep 19 20:34:50 UTC 2010 i686 GNU/Linux

any clue ??

thanks in advance.
-Wilson

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22 Sudipta Kumar Sahoo May 24, 2011 at 12:39 pm

I am trying to install the alien file in my OS(Ubuntu 11.04). I am using the command sudo apt-get install alien. but it is saying that package not found.
When ever I am typeing the command
$ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
It is showing the as
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
linux-headers-2.6.38-8-generic is already the newest version.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
What to do.How can I install alien. Because I have to install my rpm files as deb file.

respond soon pls

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23 bst July 22, 2011 at 10:01 am

Thanks alot. saved me a formatting as this was driving me crazy.

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24 Deric July 23, 2011 at 12:27 am

I have a Freescale i.MX53 quick start board. I need to compile a kernel module for it so I want to install the kernel headers package . The “uname -r” and “ls /lib/modules” both show 2.6.35.3-744-g27fdf7b.

First of all, “sudo apt-get update” has a connection error (I verfied the Internet connection is working for this board):
W: Failed to fetch ftp://10.192.225.224/dists/fsl/bsp/binary-armel/Packages.gz
Unable to connect to 10.192.225.224:ftp:

Second, apt-get can not find the package linux-headers-2.6.35.3 or linux-headers-2.6.35.3-744 or linux-headers-2.6.35.3-744-g27fdf7b.

Can somebody help me out?

Thank you.

Reply

25 Samy September 15, 2011 at 8:30 am

Hi Deric,

I am also facing the same issue now. I need to have kernel package 2.6.35.3-744-g27fdf7b to build kernel module. If you have found where to get it. Please share the information.

Regards,
Swamy

Reply

26 Janis September 16, 2011 at 9:33 am

probably need to ask the hardware developer for that

Reply

27 Cosmin January 29, 2012 at 2:17 pm

Thank you very much, I spent a lot of time searching forums for a solution for this and you solved it in three lines of text.

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28 Kayhan KAYIHAN February 4, 2012 at 11:43 am

good method, thanks.

Reply

29 Alex February 10, 2012 at 6:52 am

XMBC ferezes badly – as in, horribly (sound loops until I shut down my computer) on my comp when I pause it.

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30 LinuxNoob March 12, 2012 at 10:30 am

Can anyone tell me how to do the same thing without “Internet Connectivity/Offline”?
because my Linux machine doesn’t have internet,

Reply

31 geo_le@hotmail.com June 3, 2012 at 11:34 pm
32 vicky August 21, 2013 at 5:20 pm

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) does’t work…!!! Anybody help

Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
E: Unable to locate package linux-headers-3.10.4
E: Couldn’t find any package by regex ‘linux-headers-3.10.4′

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33 Bangon Kali January 24, 2014 at 1:11 am

Hello, I am unable to find my Kernel Headers by issuing the following commands.

root@localhost:~/Downloads# apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
E: Unable to locate package linux-headers-3.8.0-00111-g85cc90f
E: Couldn’t find any package by regex ‘linux-headers-3.8.0-00111-g85cc90f’

I am using the following Linux based on ARM Arrow SocKit Board.

Welcome to Linaro 13.04 (GNU/Linux 3.8.0-00111-g85cc90f armv7l)
root@localhost:~# uname -r
3.8.0-00111-g85cc90f

Any notes on how may I be able to get my Headers?

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