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Bash Append Text To a Variable

How do I append additional text a variable? For e.g., I've a vech set as follows:
vech="London"
I'd like to add (append) "Bus" word to $vevh under UNIX scripting using bash?

You can simply use the following syntax:

vech="London"
vech="$vech Bus"
echo $vech

If you don't want to update $vech, but just want to print it on screen, enter:

echo "$vech Bus"

You can also append another variable:

x="Mango"
y="Pickle"
x="$x $y"
echo "$x"

Finally:

 
x="Master"
# print 'Master' without a whitespace i.e. print Mastercard as a one word #
echo "${x}card"
 
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{ 10 comments… add one }

  • [skqr] February 1, 2010, 8:34 pm

    What you are doing there is redefining it.

    It’s completely useless.

    When appending stuff to a variable, the most likely scenario is doing it while on a loop or an “if” block.

    Redefining a variable in that context will just make it invisible once you get out of the loop or the “if” block.

    • Alex October 5, 2013, 3:32 am

      Actually it helped me, a lot xD well what i was looking for was on the last section but that’s ok. I wanted to automate g++ compilation, so i did:

      read -p "Enter cpp file name (without extension): " file
      echo "You selected ${file}.cpp"
      echo "The command to execute is:"
      echo "g++ -o $file ${file}.cpp -lSDL -lSDL_image -lSDL_ttf -lSDL_mixer"

      SO, not useless hehe

  • gimmer March 12, 2011, 2:32 pm

    Isn’t that response just as useless? You don’t provide an alternative.

  • Kristof Wevers April 15, 2011, 3:42 pm

    Reply on old post but useful for someone who stumbles upon this

    vech=”London”
    vech=$vech” Bus”
    echo $vech

  • Kristof Wevers April 15, 2011, 3:44 pm

    Scratch that, should be

    vech=”London”
    echo $vech” Bus”

  • Boris September 14, 2011, 11:41 am

    Jee thanks for Your site. Google frequently drives me here.

  • randy February 4, 2013, 1:46 am

    Sample given above does not work if there is no space:

    vech=”Apple”
    vech=”$vechseed”
    echo $vech

    ^ ^ ^ Does not give you “Appleseed”

    • nixCraft February 4, 2013, 8:12 am
      vech="Apple"
      vech="${vech}seed"
      echo "$vech"
      
      • randy February 4, 2013, 10:40 am

        Thanks nixCraft! … Your example works for me and I think completes all possible scenarios that might apply to the original question. I also observed now in my experiment, the following produce expected results:

        vech=”${vech}seed” # your original solution
        vech=”${vech}+:;{[seed” # embed special syntax character works fine
        vech=”${vech} seed” # embedding spaces also works fine
        vech=${vech}”seed” # shifting the first double quote to the right
        vech=${vech}” seed” # shifting the quote and embedding spaces
        vech=${vech}”+:;{[seed” # shifted double quote w/special character

  • Rogerio Madureira August 22, 2014, 4:42 pm

    I had a bit different need: to read the content of differente files and append it to a variable. By the way “+=” did the trick.

    JS_F="www/js/jquery/plugins/Typeahead/0.10.4/typeahead.jquery.min.js
    www/js/lDdrF.js
    www/js/moment/2.8.1/moment.js
    www/js/jquery/plugins/bootstrap-datepicker/1.1.2/bootstrap-datepicker.js
    www/js/Core.js
    www/js/jquery/plugins/jquery.splitflap.js
    www/js/glb.js"
    #echo $JS_F
    for f in $JS_F
    do
    	JS_C+=$(<$f)
    done
    echo $JS_C
    

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