Red Hat / CentOS Linux Setting a Default Gateway

by on November 19, 2007 · 30 comments· LAST UPDATED November 19, 2007

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Q. How do I setup up a default Gateway for all interfaces (eth0 and eth1) under CentOS Linux 5?

A.There are different ways to setup TCP/IP hosts so that you can reach to remote destinations. The simplest one is to setup default gateway by modifying the /etc/sysconfig/network

Setup a default Gateway

Open /etc/sysconfig/network file:
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network
Setup GATEWAY={Router-IP}, if router IP is 74.86.49.129, type:
GATEWAY=74.86.49.129
Save and close the file. Here is my complete file:
NETWORKING=yes
NETWORKING_IPV6=yes
HOSTNAME=wan.nixcraft.in
GATEWAY=74.86.49.129

You need to restart networking service:
# /etc/init.d/networking restart

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{ 30 comments… read them below or add one }

1 mastrboy November 22, 2007 at 11:12 am

could we get a write-up on howto to do this on Debian also?

Reply

2 nixCraft November 22, 2007 at 1:34 pm

Open /etc/network/interfaces and setup gateway parameter

gateway=192.168.1.254

Restart networking.

/etc/init.d/networking restart

Reply

3 LiNDA January 17, 2012 at 8:08 am

I just wondering why you don’t use command #service network restart….???

Reply

4 nixCraft January 17, 2012 at 8:49 am

Your command will only work with Redhat and friends. We are talking about Debian Linux here. The correct command that will work on all debian version:

/etc/init.d/networking restart

However, the latest version of Debian such as 6.x can use the service command:

/usr/sbin/service networking restart

Reply

5 Manju January 16, 2013 at 10:18 pm

Hello,

i am trying to establish a SFTP connecticvity ( user
+ key ) authetication from my sftp client to external sftp server,

I am getting the below error , could anyone help?

OpenSSH_4.3p2, OpenSSL 0.9.8e-fips-rhel5 01 Jul 2008
debug1: Reading configuration data /home/seeasown/.ssh/config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug2: ssh_connect: needpriv 0
debug1: identity file /home/seeasown/.ssh/id_rsa type -1
debug1: identity file /home/seeasown/.ssh/id_dsa type -1
debug1: loaded 2 keys
ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host
Couldn’t read packet: Connection reset by peer

Reply

6 bigtexun April 10, 2013 at 3:34 pm

Actually the title of the article is “Red Hat / CentOS Linux Setting a Default Gateway”. And LiNDA is correct to ask because /etc/init.d/networking does NOT exist in Centos. LiNDA’s only mistake was in hitting reply under your comment rather than going to the top and hitting “add one”

“we” are here talking about centos…

Reply

7 wizkidno November 29, 2007 at 1:39 pm

If you only do the editing in the /etc/network/interfaces file they will be overwritten at boot time.
Please edit /etc/sysconfig/network as described in the article as well.

You can allso set the gateway on each device by editing :
vim /etc/sysconfig/networking/devices/ifcfg-eth0
vim /etc/sysconfig/networking/devices/ifcfg-eth1
And changing the gateway declaration.

Alternativly you could use the util :
system-config-network (from both command line and X.)

Reply

8 BiOg November 14, 2008 at 9:39 pm

With 2 (or more) NIC I notice that the default gateway is always set to the last NIC.

I.E: if you have eth0 and eth1 and configure you default gateway via /etc/sysconfig/network, /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth* and event tweak the routes via /etc/sysconfig/network-scritps/route-eth* and /etc/sysconfig/static-routes to have the default be on eth0

It still end up being the eth1 network used as the default route (shown by the route command).

The script executed during the boot just goes through all the interface configuration and then set the default route on the last visited interface; trashing previous settings (go figure why).

Somebody suggested to me that there is a way to select the default device (or interface) but I am yet to find a good hit on Google.

Reply

9 nixCraft November 15, 2008 at 4:18 am

Open /etc/sysconfig/network and append
GATEWAY=eth0.gateway.IP.address

Open /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-eth1 and add routing for eth1 and restart it. For example:
202.54.1.2/29 via 202.54.2.254

Also, set static route for /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-eth0:
10.1.2.3/8 via 10.10.38.95

Do not add gateway entries to
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1 and /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

Reply

10 Rudy January 29, 2009 at 1:13 am

BiOg is right in that if you have multiple interfaces it will pick the last one. The fix to that is pretty much what vivek said.
Set your default gateway in the /etc/sysconfig/network and make sure none of the interface /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg- files have a “GATEWAY” line in them. That will force the system to pick the default GW from the network file. You can set static routes in the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route- files

Reply

11 spiderik April 20, 2009 at 6:59 pm

But I have eth0 and eth1 under DHCP and I need the eth0 to be the default gw / any hints?

Reply

12 jamie April 21, 2009 at 2:54 pm

route add -net 192.168.60.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gw 192.168.30.1
route add -net 192.168.30.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gw 192.168.30.1

This forces all traffic through my 30 subnets gateway, which is 192.168.30.1.

Reply

13 Raghavan alias Saravanan M September 16, 2009 at 2:42 pm

Hi there,

Yours is a good site and have found useful at various places and searches.

Thanks for the efforts and keep up the good work :)

The way you restart the service, should NOT it be ‘/etc/init.d/network’ instead of ‘networking’? Just check that out.

Cheers,
Raghavan alias Saravanan M.

Reply

14 DunxD October 21, 2009 at 10:36 am

You don’t want multiple default gateways, else you will get intermittent networking problems!

What you want is one default gateway, then if you need specific routes for specific subnets you should set those up as required.

Restart network is also available on RHEL and CentOS by services network restart

Reply

15 bobby February 3, 2010 at 9:31 am

Dear Vivek,can u please more brief on Nics,i have 2 networks and 2 lans total 4 lan ports,
now i have 2 difrnt n/w coming from single cable,(IT N/w,signaling N/w),and both n/w have diffrent Gateways.i can not add gateways in /etc/sysconfig/network-script/ifcfg-eth0 and eth1,in /etc/sysconfig/network i have added gateway of signaling..

now i can ping at signaling n/w but not IT network?how to add gateway for another network

Reply

16 bobby February 4, 2010 at 4:23 am

How to add specific route for another network

Reply

17 MadMac66 February 22, 2010 at 9:10 am

Hi,
if possible, simply edit /etc/rc.local and add all the routings you want.
There you can setup specific routings for specific NICs and of course also the Default Gateway. example:
route add -net netmask gw eth0
route add -net netmask gw eth1
route add default gw eth0

this way you can setup are more complex routing.

Reply

18 Colin May 5, 2010 at 12:23 am

/etc/rc.local
route add -net netmask gw eth0
route add -net netmask gw eth1
route add default gw eth0

This is the way I would imagine doing it myself. but what happens after a services network restart

Reply

19 nixCraft May 5, 2010 at 1:31 am

You can add hook to network service or better configure static routing :) this will take care of service network restart command.

HTH

Reply

20 Manju January 16, 2013 at 10:17 pm

Hello,

i am trying to establish a SFTP connecticvity ( user
+ key ) authetication from my sftp client to external sftp server,

I am getting the below error , could anyone help?

OpenSSH_4.3p2, OpenSSL 0.9.8e-fips-rhel5 01 Jul 2008
debug1: Reading configuration data /home/seeasown/.ssh/config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug2: ssh_connect: needpriv 0
debug1: identity file /home/seeasown/.ssh/id_rsa type -1
debug1: identity file /home/seeasown/.ssh/id_dsa type -1
debug1: loaded 2 keys
ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host
Couldn’t read packet: Connection reset by peer

Reply

21 Henrik A December 22, 2010 at 2:04 am

Hi,
I am trying to set up a RHEL5 box with two nic’s.
eth2 is connected to the internet
eth3 is connected to a firewall that runs our lan and has a IPSec connection to a customer.

My problem is this.
When I try to start up eth3 it is automatically assigned a default gateway, which is the same as for eth2. So when I try to set a static route i get “RTNETLINK answer: file exists” because it already has a gateway.

ifcfg-eth3:

# Intel Corporation 82571EB Gigabit Ethernet Controller
DEVICE=eth3
BOOTPROTO=none
HWADDR=00:15:17:8C:7F:1B
ONBOOT=yes
TYPE=Ethernet
USERCTL=no
IPV6INIT=no
PEERDNS=yes
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
IPADDR=192.168.2.99

route-eth3:
192.168.2.0/24 via 192.168.2.254
10.212.1.0/24 via 192.168.2.254

the resulting route table:
Kernel IP routing table
Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric Ref Use Iface
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.248 U 0 0 0 eth2
10.212.1.0 192.168.2.254 255.255.255.0 UG 0 0 0 eth3
192.168.2.0 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 U 0 0 0 eth3
169.254.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 U 0 0 0 eth3
0.0.0.0 xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx 0.0.0.0 UG 0 0 0 eth2

The destination 192.168.2.0 should have the gateway 192.168.2.254

Any ideas on how to get this working?

Reply

22 Allison May 14, 2011 at 5:52 pm

im having issues changing my server NIC from DHCP to static, i keep getting the error : “Shutting down loopback interface: [ OK ]
Bringing up loopback interface: [ OK ]
does not seem to be present, delaying initialization.
[FAILED] ”

Help will be appreciated.

Reply

23 Norton May 18, 2011 at 5:06 pm

Regarding setting the default route and Vivek’s mildly complicated solution:

In CentOS5 (at least) you can set GATEWAYDEV=eth0 in /etc/sysconfig/network, and you do not need to modify ifcfg-eth* to remove the GATEWAY definitions.

Reply

24 Muhammad El-Sergani February 16, 2012 at 12:44 pm

Nice!

Reply

25 Ray May 6, 2013 at 2:09 pm

Good call Norton!

Reply

26 Chris July 5, 2011 at 2:23 pm

On Centos 4 and 5 it seems to be init.d/network not networking, is networking a typo?

/etc/init.d/network restart

Reply

27 izack August 11, 2011 at 8:11 am

hi
i have a problem on how to configure a red had linux pc as the gateway
in a single computer with to NIC

Reply

28 Ravi Saive September 21, 2011 at 11:06 am

Nice information….

Reply

29 Sobgames October 6, 2012 at 11:30 am

how does install TP-link tl-wn727n wireless adapter into centos?

——————-
Thank for all

Reply

30 Mighty October 15, 2013 at 5:40 am

What is the difference between using this command:
# route add default gw 74.86.49.129 eth0

And inserting the gateway in the file below?
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network
GATEWAY=74.86.49.129

Reply

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