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Linux / Unix: Sed Substitute Multiple Patterns [ Find & Replace ]

I'm using the date +'%D_%T' to store Unix system date and time in a shell variable called $_now:

_now="$(date +'%D_%T')"
echo $_now

Outputs:
01/20/12_16:10:42

I'd like to replace / and : with _. I'm aware of the following sed command:

sed 's/\//_/g
> s/:/_/g' <<<"$_now"

Outputs:
01_20_12_16_14_09

How do I specify two pattern within the same sed command to replace | and : with _ so that I can get output as 01_20_12_16_10_42?

You can use any one of the following sed substitute find and replace multiple patterns:

 
sed -e 's/Find/Replace/g' -e 's/Find/Replace/g' <<<"$var"
 sed -e 's/Find/Replace/g' -e 's/Find/Replace/g' < inputFile > outputFile
out=$(sed -e 's/Find/Replace/g' -e 's/Find/Replace/g' <<<"$var")
 

OR

 
sed 's/Find/Replace/g;s/Find/Replace/g' <<<"$var"
 sed -e 's/Find/Replace/g;s/Find/Replace/g' <<<"$var"
 sed -e 's/Find/Replace/g;s/Find/Replace/g' < inputFile > outputFile
out=$(sed -e 's/Find/Replace/g;s/Find/Replace/g' <<<"$var")
 

Examples: Find And Replace Sed Substitute Using a Singe Command Line

 
_now="$(sed -e 's/\//_/g;s/:/_/g' <<<$(date +'%D_%T'))"
 echo $_now
 

Sample outputs:

01_20_12_16_22_21

Here is another version:

 
_now=$(sed 's/[\/:]/_/g' <<<$(date +'%D_%T'))
 echo "$_now"
 

Sample outputs:

01_20_12_16_24_42
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{ 4 comments… add one }

  • sylvainulg January 23, 2012, 10:10 am

    Alternatively, one could tell `date` the desired format, like date +%Y-%m-%d-%H-%M

  • LOL LOLSKI December 21, 2012, 4:11 pm

    Just do:

    now=`date +”%m_%d_%y_%H_%M_%S”`
    echo $now

  • gabriel April 1, 2013, 3:52 pm

    Man was showing sed not date command…

  • Panna November 25, 2014, 4:04 pm

    I have a not well experience with awk and sed. if any find the solution?
    I have a two variable like..
    $var1=a-45afd4
    a-fdfgh3 ##here two word in one column and may you can say in row
    $var2=a-45afd4 string1 string2 string3 string4
    a-fdfgh3 string1 string2 string3 string4
    a-hfdj3e string1 string2 string3 string4
    a-jkkl3l string1 string2 string3 string4

    i want to find $var1 data in $var2 and the output should be
    Example: a-45afd4 string1 string2 string3 string4
    a-fdfgh3 string1 string2 string3 string4

    ##rest all column row should not come

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