I think my file system has been damaged. Instead of block 1, I want to use block n as superblock. How do I find out an alternative superblock location under Linux?
Each file system has a superblock, which contains information about file system such as file system type, size, status, information about other metadata structures and so on.
You can use any one of the following command to find out the superblock location:
[a] mke2fs - Create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem.
[b] dumpe2fs - dump ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem information.
Open a command-line terminal (select Applications > Accessories > Terminal), and then type the following command (alternatively you can boot from rescue or Live Linux CD and type the same commands):
# dumpe2fs /dev/sda5 | grep -i superblock
The above command will list all superblocks for /dev/sda5 as follows:
dumpe2fs 1.41.11 (14-Mar-2010) Primary superblock at 0, Group descriptors at 1-29 Backup superblock at 32768, Group descriptors at 32769-32797 Backup superblock at 98304, Group descriptors at 98305-98333 Backup superblock at 163840, Group descriptors at 163841-163869 Backup superblock at 229376, Group descriptors at 229377-229405 Backup superblock at 294912, Group descriptors at 294913-294941 Backup superblock at 819200, Group descriptors at 819201-819229 Backup superblock at 884736, Group descriptors at 884737-884765 Backup superblock at 1605632, Group descriptors at 1605633-1605661 Backup superblock at 2654208, Group descriptors at 2654209-2654237 Backup superblock at 4096000, Group descriptors at 4096001-4096029 Backup superblock at 7962624, Group descriptors at 7962625-7962653 Backup superblock at 11239424, Group descriptors at 11239425-11239453 Backup superblock at 20480000, Group descriptors at 20480001-20480029 Backup superblock at 23887872, Group descriptors at 23887873-23887901 Backup superblock at 71663616, Group descriptors at 71663617-71663645 Backup superblock at 78675968, Group descriptors at 78675969-78675997 Backup superblock at 102400000, Group descriptors at 102400001-102400029
Now you can use the backup superblock to check the file system using superblock # 98304 (warning do not run the following on mounted live file system):
# e2fsck -f -b 98304 /dev/sda5
OR mount the file system using superblock # 98304:
# mkdir -p /mnt/data5
# mount -o sb=98304 /dev/sda5 /mnt/data5
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