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HowTo: Install And Start The Apache or Httpd Service Under Linux

How do I install and start the Apache or httpd web server under Fedora or RHEL or Red Hat / CentOS Linux?

Apache HTTP Server is a free software/open source web server for Unix-like systems and other operating systems.
Tutorial details
DifficultyEasy (rss)
Root privilegesYes
RequirementsApache
Estimated completion timeN/A

Apache features configurable error messages, DBMS-based authentication databases, and content negotiation. It is also supported by several graphical user interfaces (GUIs) which permit easier, more intuitive configuration of the server.

Use rpm command to install the Apache server under Linux. You can also use up2date or yum command to install the same.

Task: Install Apache/httpd under Fedroa Core/Cent OS Linux

Type the following command if you are using Fedora / RHEL / Cent OS Linux, run:
# yum install httpd
To start the Apache/httpd, run:
# chkconfig httpd on
# /etc/init.d/httpd start

Task: Install Apache/httpd under Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Type the following command:
# up2date httpd
OR
# yum install httpd
To start the Apache/httpd, run:
# chkconfig httpd on
# /etc/init.d/httpd start

Task: Debian Linux httpd/Apache installation

Use the apt-get command:
# apt-get install apache2
# /etc/init.d/apache2 start

Task: Verify that port 80 is open

# netstat -tulpn | grep :80

You can also install httpd from CDROM with rpm command:
# rpm -ivh httpd*

Task: Store files / upload files for your web site

  1. You need to upload files at /var/www/html under RHEL / CentOS / Fedora Linux operating system.
  2. You need to upload files at /var/www/ under Debian or Ubuntu Linux operating system.

Apache Server configuration

Your server is started, but you need to configure and use Apache as per your requirement. /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf (RHEL/Cent OS/Fedora Core Linux) or /etc/apache2/httpd.conf (Debian / Ubuntu Linux) configuration file. Use a text editor such as vi to edit a file. This file is very well documented or read official Apache configuration documentation for more information.

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{ 33 comments… add one }

  • ahmad October 31, 2008, 10:00 am

    i have installed apache server by using this document

  • Pontus March 23, 2009, 7:12 pm

    +1. Works like a charm. Thx.

  • yasaman April 14, 2009, 11:18 am

    i could install httpd.it was very good

  • ej May 4, 2009, 1:40 pm

    good but when you try of add a file, access denied message invokes :(

    • Bryce March 30, 2014, 11:53 pm

      use sudo

  • fadl July 23, 2009, 6:16 am

    it works, tks :)

  • sagar July 26, 2009, 6:51 pm

    good but when you try of add a file, access denied message . for root
    pl say proplay

  • nolan September 17, 2009, 1:03 pm

    this could really use some more obvious points that noobs need, every cmd i typed in, that i found in this article, all i got was “command not found” im using centos 5.

    • Amar June 8, 2010, 11:15 am

      Nice One

  • gozen September 26, 2009, 10:12 am

    Can I ask what about the integration with PHP and My SQL?
    I use debian base…

  • Anonymous March 17, 2010, 3:16 am

    u saved my ass

  • jay September 3, 2010, 5:59 am

    hai sir i want to use all windows softwear in linux !
    so what can i do for use .exe file in linux pleas sir
    tell me about this
    thnks

    • Anonymous March 2, 2011, 3:38 pm

      Why would you want to use Windows based applications in Linux?, it defeats the object of open source and there is no benifit to this at all.
      If you really do have a need though, you can use wine to run your windows applications in Unix, and something like Samba for mounting files held on other MS servers
      This sounds beyond your current level of experience though from what I can see

      • jay April 23, 2011, 6:44 am

        Sir
        I want to install wine but i can`t install. So can you send me how to install wine in linux 5.4 pleas sir
        Thanks

  • sh December 10, 2010, 4:15 pm

    very useful post. thanks. i never knew that there is no httpd on debian..but now it’s clear. how to install “service” ..so that we can do service apache2 restart? instead /etc/init.d…

  • Mohd Adil April 18, 2011, 10:19 pm

    ./configure –prefix=/opt/apps/metatax/apache –with-mpm=worker –enable-so –enable-mods-shared=all –enable-ssl –enable-rewrite –enable-proxy
    compile with it

  • Joseph April 15, 2012, 7:34 am

    Great and very helpful thanks for sharing

  • mohamd April 16, 2012, 2:15 pm

    Thank you …
    Good Luck ….

  • Edmund May 29, 2012, 3:38 am

    This is priceless information! I’ve only just begun using Linux Fedora ver.16 and I wanted to get my hands dirty with Apache……now….thanks to your article I can actually say “Yes….I HAVE installed / built an Apache server” that should do wonders for my resume….now if I can just figure out exactly where the hosts file is for setting up a web-site…..LoL!

    Thanx Again! You guys rock!!

    • ijat November 6, 2012, 8:06 pm

      /var/www/html

      • Edmund February 14, 2013, 4:05 am

        @ijat: Thanks so much!

        Cheers!

        EGO II

  • Daniel Ibañez June 20, 2012, 9:48 am

    Gracias conciso y eficiente

  • rush August 11, 2012, 10:05 am

    Hi,

    how i can use it as reverse proxy ?

  • Eswaran K August 14, 2012, 4:11 pm

    ok but these is a temperuary solution

  • kiran February 13, 2013, 9:22 am

    Thank You……………..

  • kiran February 14, 2013, 8:32 am

    i have installed apache server by using this document

  • Best February 20, 2013, 12:49 am

    +2. Works like a charm. Thx.

  • Salim April 22, 2013, 11:58 pm

    Nice tutorial ..
    I have new VPS server tried to make Apache work
    but page still not loading could this be related to CSF Firewall setting .

  • kamlesh gour May 15, 2013, 2:34 pm

    hello,

    my problem is…
    that i want to kaunch the website (JAVA/Mysql) and i have purchased the VPS 1
    Plan but not proved apache and mysql s/w (Only proved empty sever with cpanel)
    so how cant launch my this web site
    please guide me
    my server console
    [root@vps ~]#

  • DanIT August 18, 2013, 3:48 pm

    Thanks, this helped me greatly setting up an Apache server for a college assignment.

  • joe December 10, 2013, 9:35 pm

    I’m installed the apache2 v2,2,32
    But the modules folder is empty
    used the command ./configure –prefix=/ora/apache2 with-mpm=preforked –with-includes=apr

    I tried installing both as root and service user. Any ideas?

  • reshma April 14, 2014, 6:46 am

    [root@dhcppc2 ~]# yum install httpd
    Loading “rhnplugin” plugin
    Loading “security” plugin
    Loading “installonlyn” plugin
    This system is not registered with RHN.
    RHN support will be disabled.
    Setting up Install Process
    Setting up repositories
    No Repositories Available to Set Up
    Reading repository metadata in from local files
    Parsing package install arguments
    Setting up repositories
    No Repositories Available to Set Up
    Reading repository metadata in from local files
    No Match for argument: httpd
    Nothing to do
    [root@dhcppc2 ~]#
    what shoul di do ?

  • Muskan May 19, 2015, 4:47 pm

    when i write #yum install httdp…then after some time there is written Error:cannot load services ?????

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