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Making changes to /proc filesystem permanently

Q. How do I make changes to /proc filesystem permanently? For example I want to se fs.file-max to 65536, I can use command echo “65536” > /proc/sys/fs/file-max. But, after rebooting my Linux server this value will be reset to the default. How do I make it permanent?

A. You are right. You are using sysctl. It is used to modify kernel parameters at runtime. The parameters available are those listed under /proc/sys/.

You need to use /etc/sysctl.conf file, which is a simple file containing sysctl values to be read in and set by sysctl. This is a configuration file for setting system variables.

So all you have to do is add variable = value in /etc/sysctl.conf file. So the changes remains the permanent.


For example, above command echo “65536” > /proc/sys/fs/file-max, should be added as follows:
# vi /etc/sysctl.confAppend following line:/proc/sys/fs/file-max = 65536Save the file.
Here is my sample sysctl.conf file:
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

To Load in sysctl settings from the file specified or /etc/sysctl.conf immediately type following command:
# sysctl -p

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{ 1 comment… add one }
  • vishal December 28, 2007, 5:28 am

    plese tell me how i can connect bsnl brodband internet connection in redhat linux 5.0

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