I‘m a new Ubuntu Linux user. This seems like a newbie question, but I can not seem to find examples to copy files on Ubuntu. How do I copy file to another directory on Ubuntu Linux using command line terminal application? How can I copy files via terminal on Ubuntu Linux desktop?


I run a web-server and I would like to log packets with un-routable source addresses on Linux operating system. How can I log spoofed packets on Debian / Ubuntu / CentOS / RHEL / Linux based server? How can I log a Martian packet (packet from Mars) on Linux operating systems?


I am using NFS server version 4.x on a CentOS/RHEL based system. I’m mounting my shared /var/www/ directory on five Apache based nodes using the following syntax:

mount -t nfs4 -o rw,intr,hard,proto=tcp rocknas02:/httproot/www /var/www/

I noticed that due to bug in my app user can sometime upload executable or other device files to get out of chrooted Apache server. How can I prevent such security issues on a CentOS or RHEL based NFS client and sever setup?


I am a new RHEL / Centos Linux server admin. I would like yum to update all packages except the Linux Kernel. How can I prevent yum command from updating kernel on a CentOS/RHEL/Fedora Linux based systems?


Recently, I switched from MS-Windows based web-server to CentOS Linux based Apache web-server. All user uploaded files are stored in /var/www/uploads/ directory. Is there command that can give me a list of files that have been added to the filesystem at /var/www/uploads/ in last 7 days on Linux/Unix-like oses?


I am a new Unix system admin. How do I find ouw who has recently use the Linux or Unix-like server? Which terminals they used, and when they logged in and out of the my server?


I am a new CentOS / RHEL 6.x server user and DevOP. I need to lock a package called nginx on a server being updated via yum command. How do I lock package version at a particular version on CentOS / Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6.x or Fedora Linux?