PostgreSQL psql: could not connect to server: Connection refused

by on March 6, 2007 · 17 comments· LAST UPDATED March 6, 2007

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Q. When I try to connect remote PostgreSQL, I am reciving an error which read as follows:

psql: could not connect to server: Connection refused
Is the server running on host host.domain.com and accepting
TCP/IP connections on port 5432?

How do I fix this problem? I am using CentOS 4.x version.

A. First make sure PostgreSQL server has been started to remote server.

# /etc/init.d/postgresql start

If it is running and you get above error, you need to add enable TCP/IP support. By default, the PostgreSQL server only allows connections to the database from the local machine or localhost. This is a security feature.

Step # 1: Allow remote IP address to access PostgreSQL

You need to open file called /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf. Login as postgres user using su command:
$ su - postgres
$ vi /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf

Now append following line. Let us say you would like to give access to 192.168.1.0/24 network:
host all all 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 trust
Please replace 192.168.1.0 and 255.255.255.0 to reflect the actual network IP address range of the clients system in your own network.

Save close the file.

Step # 2: Allow communication over TCP/IP

You need to open PostgreSQL configuration file /var/lib/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf
$ vi /var/lib/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf
Now bind and open TCP/IP port by setting tcpip_socket to true:
tcpip_socket = true

Save and close the file.

Step # 3: Restart PostgreSQL server

Restart the PostgreSQL server with the following command
# /etc/init.d/postgresql restart

This will open default port 5432.

Step # 4: Test your setup

Use psql command from client system as follows:
psql -h PostgreSQL-IP-ADDRESS -U USERNAME -d DATABASENAME

Connect to remote server by IP address 192.168.1.5 and login using vivek user to connect to sales database, use:
$ psql -h 192.168.1.5 -U vivek -d sales
Where,

  • -h 192.168.1.5 : Specifies the host name of the machine or IP address (192.168.1.5) on which the server is running.
  • -U vivek : Connect to the database as the vivek username instead of the default. You must have account and permission to connect as vivek user.
  • -d sales : Specifies the name of the database (sales) to connect to.

See also:

=> How do I add a user to PostgreSQL database server?

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{ 17 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Kamchybek Jusupov March 23, 2007 at 10:48 am

$ su – postgres
$ vi /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf

You can also use 192.168.1.31/24 instead of 192.168.1.31 255.255.255.0 (CIDR-address), kinda config file will look “cleaner”, and I would use “md5″ instead of “trust” for further peace-of-mind :)

Reply

2 Rajeev January 9, 2008 at 8:14 am

Thanks for the fantastic FAQ. Just what I needed as a newbie with pgsql.

Just wanted to mention here that was trying to connect a remote pgsql db on a Suse Linux 9. It did not have the tcpip_socket parameter in postgresql.conf

To overcome this, I had to uncomment the following settings:

#—————————————————————————
# CONNECTIONS AND AUTHENTICATION
#—————————————————————————

# – Connection Settings -

listen_addresses = ‘*’
port = 5432

Bounced the db and voila, I was able to connect and to run queries.

Hope this helps.

Thanks
Rajeev

Reply

3 Rajeev January 9, 2008 at 8:16 am

Forgot to mention the version of my postgresql db. It’s 8.1.4

Reply

4 deven January 31, 2008 at 5:51 am

Hi,
this guide was a good help for me.
only thing as rajeev said their is no parameter with the name tcpip_socket in Ubuntu also.

so used following things in the postgresql.conf config file

listen_addresses = ‘*’
port = 5432

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5 quocvietit August 22, 2008 at 3:34 pm

please help me.i try to connect to Postgresql sever by LAN
i already configured following step but not success
here my config on flatform Window
pg_hba.conf:
host all all 192.168.1.37/32 md5
postgresql.conf:
i try all
#listen_addresses = ‘*’
port = 5432

or

tcpip_socket = true

it’s still not working
thanks anyway!

Reply

6 GILBERT October 23, 2009 at 1:53 pm

I Remote PostgreSQL Access On the web

how can i Connect to my postgresql database on my server remotely through the web/internet and manage it directly from your PC?and even connect some application so i run transaction?

Reply

7 Scotos February 4, 2010 at 8:24 am

I have the same problem as quocvietit. I’m also in Windows.

Reply

8 Raveendar March 1, 2010 at 5:10 am

Can anybody help me with this…

I’ve postgre db on redhat linux. It’s been configured to a single network earlier viz., 192.168.0.1 but now I want to access the same db from different vlans(192.168.0.1 , 192.168.1.1……to 192.168.20.1). there are about 20 machines on each network. I’m able to access from the client machines which are on 192.168.0.1… network but where as when I try to access from others it says “I don’t permissions to access the db”. Pls can anybody help in this regard…

Reply

9 Raveendar March 1, 2010 at 5:15 am

I opened this file but
$ vi /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf but couldnot find
host all… instead if find
host = ” ”

how can I solve this

Reply

10 martin February 3, 2011 at 6:35 am

user account postgres does exist but i can’t login to it hence postgres service does not start.how do i go about this?

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11 koko100mohaed April 19, 2011 at 10:10 am

hiii mohad mekhelfi ana algerie b/amer (algerie )

Reply

12 Black Teppi July 19, 2011 at 4:06 am

I have same problem.
I use Windows and PostgreSql 9.0.4
anybody help?
So thanks!

Reply

13 ErpBeginner August 1, 2011 at 12:43 am

Hi everyone , i’m havin’ same problem , Postgres 8.4 server does start , but when i try to run OpenErp Client , an error appear in the db field : Server couldnt start !! Could Anybody help me ppl ….Configuration : win7 32bits ,

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14 Pomodoro August 3, 2011 at 10:17 am

And how about this error in postgres 9.0?
FATAL: unrecognized configuration parameter “tcpip_socket”

Reply

15 biju August 23, 2012 at 6:25 am

while installing postgres sql 8.0 in windows an error occurs ‘port number already in use please specify another ‘ how can i solve this

Reply

16 paulo roberto October 8, 2012 at 6:58 pm

meu banco de dados postgresql não esta abrindo ele manda msg dizendo que não consegue se comunicar com o servidor ,estou usando o servidor virtual apache ,o que faço para não perder os meus dados ?, já até reinstalei o apache mais não resolve,o sistema é windows 7

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17 Puneet Pandey August 14, 2013 at 9:11 am

What a wonderful post and the tremendous response from Rajeev. It took me hardly 3 mins to configure this and access PG remotely.

Reply

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