≡ Menu

Force yum update Command To Exclude Certain Packages

How can I exclude selected packages when I rum yum update command under CentOS / RHEL / Fedora / Red Hat Enterprise Linux server?

Yum uses a configuration file at /etc/yum/yum.conf or /etc/yum.conf. You need to place exclude directive to define list of packages to exclude from updates or installs. This should be a space separated list. Shell globs using wildcards * and ?) are allowed.

How do I exclude php and kernel packages when I use "yum update"?

Open /etc/yum.conf file, enter:
# vi /etc/yum.conf
Append the following line under [main] section, enter:
exclude=php* kernel*
At the end, it should look like as follows:

 
[main]
cachedir=/var/cache/yum
keepcache=0
debuglevel=2
logfile=/var/log/yum.log
distroverpkg=redhat-release
tolerant=1
exactarch=1
obsoletes=1
gpgcheck=1
plugins=1
exclude=php* kernel*
 
# Note: yum-RHN-plugin doesn't honor this.
metadata_expire=1h
 
# Default.
# installonly_limit = 3
 
# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo
# in /etc/yum.repos.d
 

Save and close the file. You can now use the yum command as usual but certain package will not install.

How Do I Disable Excludes?

You can use the following syntax:

 
yum --disableexcludes=all update
yum --disableexcludes=main install php
yum --disableexcludes=repoid install php httpd
 

Where,

  1. all : Disable all excludes
  2. main : Disable excludes defined in [main] in yum.conf
  3. repoid : Disable excludes defined for given repo id

yum --exclude Command Line Option

Finally, you can skip yum command updates on command line itself using following syntax:
# yum --exclude=package\* update
# yum --exclude=php\* update
# yum --exclude=kernel\* update
# yum -x 'kernel*' -x 'php*' update

Note: The above syntax will exclude a specific package by name or glob from updates on all repositories.

Recommend readings:

For more information view the manual page on yum command using the following command:
$ man yum
$ man yum.conf

Tweet itFacebook itGoogle+ itPDF itFound an error/typo on this page?

{ 12 comments… add one }

  • Ben June 17, 2008, 1:45 pm

    Is there some way to override exclusions configured in the conf file when yum is run manually, short of removing or commenting the exclude entry in the conf files?

    Say I’d like to automate the updates of most of my packages, but some subset of core packages I’d like to upgrade manually after I’ve had a chance to test the package.

  • Raj June 17, 2008, 4:49 pm

    Ben,

    I’m afraid but it is not possible to achieve.

  • Bob August 28, 2008, 7:30 pm

    Ben,
    I’m not sure what version of yum they added this, but:
    `yum –disableexcludes=[all|main|repoid]`
    or
    `yum –disableexcludes=all update`
    or
    `yum –disableexcludes=all update kernel`

  • Christian Peper October 29, 2008, 3:45 pm

    Just a note, the switch -disableexcludes=all does no work on my RHEL 4u5 server.

    Using yum-2.4.2-4…

  • Matt Schreiner July 3, 2009, 4:24 pm

    YUM version 3.2.19 in my REHL 5U3 box does have support for -disableexcludes

    [root@cerberus etc]# yum –version
    3.2.19

    [root@cerberus etc]# man yum |grep -A4 -B1 excludes
    –disableexcludes=[all|main|repoid]
    Disable the excludes defined in your config files. Takes one of
    three options:
    all == disable all excludes
    main == disable excludes defined in [main] in yum.conf
    repoid == disable excludes defined for that repo

    Might just try to update your YUM package and see if there is a 3.x package avail for REHL4 now and if not try to just install from source…

  • Bhavya September 30, 2009, 7:18 am

    Hi friends,
    When I tried to run the cellsdkiso install or any of the yum commands i am getting this error please let me know what might have gone wrong for this.
    I am Installing the IBM Cell SDK into fedora 9.
    Config Error: Parsing file failed: File contains no section headers.
    file: file:///etc/yum.conf, line: 1
    ‘\xef\xbb\xbf[main]\n’
    Please See My Yum file below
    [main]
    cachedir=/var/cache/yum
    keepcache=0
    debuglevel=2
    logfile=/var/log/yum.log
    exactarch=1
    obsoletes=1
    gpgcheck=1
    plugins=1
    metadata_expire=1800
    installonly_limit=2
    exclude=blas blas-devel elfspe2 kernel lapack lapack-devel libspe2 libspe2-debuginfo libspe2-devel oprofile oprofile-devel

    # PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo
    # in /etc/yum.repos.d

    Thanks & regards
    Bhavya

  • Biwebco.com November 28, 2009, 1:22 pm

    One of the best sites devoted to practical programming.
    thanks from newbie @nixCraft :)

  • Simon Smith January 4, 2010, 6:15 pm

    Thank you for this post!

    Simon

  • CentOS January 16, 2010, 12:02 am

    Excluding httpd (apache) in CentOs:

    yum –exclude=httpd*,httpd-manual*,mod_ssl* update

    PS. httpd-manual and mod_ssl are htpd dependencies.

  • Eduardo Mozart de Oliveira January 30, 2013, 11:07 pm

    Thank you! I do not want that CentOS 5.8 automatically updates to 5.9 (Hyper-V Add-ons was not updates to 5.9 yet).
    Adding “centos-release*” (without quotes) on /etc/yun.conf resolved my problem!

  • Hybrid Cloud April 18, 2013, 2:31 pm

    You should use following php option instead:

    yum --skip-broken install php*
  • higkoo January 8, 2014, 7:54 am

    How to use yum to install via version package ?

    ex:
    There are Nginx-1.5.0 and Nginx-1.5.1 .
    It will install 1.5.1 by default , but I want install 1.5.0 .

    What can I do ?

Leave a Comment