Q. How do I block email@example.com or IP address for Sendmail spammers?
A. Sendmail offers various options to block an email address, domain name or IP address using access database.
File /etc/mail/access act as an access control for your Sendmail smtp server. With this file you can define:
- Who we accept mail from
- Who we accept relaying from
- Who we will not send to etc
# vi /etc/mail/sendmail.cf
Make sure following line exists in your configuration file (otherwise you need to add/append following line):
Save the file and exit to shell prompt. Now, open /etc/mail/access file:
# vi /etc/mail/access
To block junk or spam mail use following format
Save the file. Once sendmail.mc or access file is modified, you need to regenerate /etc/mail/sendmail.cf or rebuild the access database. Type any one of the following commands:
# cd /etc/mail
# m4 /etc/mail/sendmail.mc > /etc/mail/sendmail.cf
Restart the sendmail:
# /etc/init.d/sendmail restart
Other options supported by access database
- OK - Accept email FROM: or TO: specified address
- DISCARD - Do not accept email FROM: or TO: specified address
- REJECT - Drop email with an error FROM: or TO: specified address
- HATER - Use check_mail and check_realy rules for email
- FRIEND - Do not use check_mail and check_realy rules for email
- ERROR:ecode:etext - Drop email with specified error code (ecode) and error text message (etext).
abc.com ERROR:550:Relay denied
Connect:188.8.131.52 ERROR:5.7.1:550: Relay denied
How do I test access database is working or not?
Use sendmail with -bt option as follows:
# sendmail â€“bt
> check_mail firstname.lastname@example.org
OR use telnet command:
# telnet localhost 25
In both case you should get relay denied error.
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