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Squid Block any Domain Name Accessing the Internet

Q. How do I block any website accessing the Internet using squid proxy server?

A. You can simply use squid ACL to block access to any web site. There are 3 steps:

#1. Create a text file with blocked domain name list such as baddomain1.com, mail.yahoo.com, gmail.com and so on

#2. Define Acl

#3. Restart squid

First, create a file called /etc/squid/blocked.domains.acl
# vi /etc/squid/blocked.domains.acl
Append domain names,

Save and close the file. Open squid.conf file:
# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
Create acl called blockeddomain:
acl blockeddomain dstdomain "/etc/squid/blocked.domains.acl"
Deny http access, enter:
http_access deny blockeddomain
Close and save the file. Restart squid proxy server:
# /etc/init.d/squid restart

Squid Proxy Server Mac Address based filtering

Q. I'm using squid proxy server under CentOS Linux version 5. How to filter a particular MAC address under squid?

A. Not all operating system supports Mac address based filtering. For some operating systems. Squid calls these "ARP ACLs" and they are supported on Linux, Solaris, and BSD variants.

How do I set up ACL's based on MAC address?

Open squid.conf:
# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
Local acl, section and append ACL as follows:
acl macf1 arp mac-address
acl macf2 arp 00:11:22:33:44:55
http_access allow macf1
http_access allow macf2
http_access deny all

Save and close the file. Restart squid server:
# /etc/init.d/squid restart

Linux / UNIX: Cannot Preserve Ownership Error when Files are Moved or Copied

Q. I’m using CentOS Linux. I’m getting an error - Cannot Preserve Ownership, when I try to copy files from Linux ext3 to FAT32 or files moved to an NFS NAS server mount point. How do I fix this error and copy / move files?

A. Generally you use command like cp or my to copy file. While copying a file these command try to copy file attributes such as ACL information or group access information etc. FAT32 and NFS mount mount cannot support all sort of attributes and these commands cannot differentiate between a filesystem that doesn't support ACL and Linux file system permission.

All your files will be copied or moved without ACL and permissions. You can ignore this error and files should be copied / moved successfully.