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Ubuntu: SIOCADDRT: File exists Error and Solution

I'm typing the following command under Ubuntu Linux:

route add default gw 192.168.3.2 eth0

But it is giving me out the following error:

SIOCADDRT: File exists

How do I fix this problem?
[click to continue…]

Ubuntu Static IP

Q. I've Intel Corporation 80003ES2 LAN Gigabit Ethernet Controller. How do I set static IP address settings for my Ubuntu Linux as follows:

DEVICE name : eth0
Type: static
IP ADDR : 10.10.29.66
NETMASK : 255.255.255.192
Router IP: 10.10.29.65
Broadcast: 10.10.29.127

How do I setup static IP address under Ubuntu?
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Q. I run quite large network with different subnets. I'd like to know how can I find out duplicate IP address under Linux / UNIX?

A. You can use arpping command. The arping utility performs an action similar to ping command, but at the Ethernet layer. You can send ARP REQUEST to a neighbor host / computers.

Task: Send ARP request

Let us find out reachability of an IP on the local Ethernet with arping i.e send ARP request 192.168.1.1:
$ sudo arping -I eth0 -c 3 192.168.1.1
Output:

ARPING 192.168.1.1 from 192.168.1.106 ra0
Unicast reply from 192.168.1.1 [00:18:39:6A:C6:8B]  2.232ms
Unicast reply from 192.168.1.1 [00:18:39:6A:C6:8B]  1.952ms
Sent 3 probes (1 broadcast(s))
Received 3 response(s)

Where,

  • -I eth0 : Specify network interface i.e. name of network device where to send ARP REQUEST packets. This option is required.
  • -c 3 : Stop after sending 3 ARP REQUEST packets

Task: Find duplicate IP

The -D option specifies duplicate address detection mode (DAD). It returns exit status 0, if DAD succeeded i.e. no replies are received.
$ sudo arping -D -I eth0 -c 2 192.168.1.1
If 192.168.1.1 duplicated you should see zero exit status:
$ echo $?
Always use following syntax for duplicate address detection with arping:
$ sudo arping -D -I <interface-name> -c 2 <IP-ADDRESS-TO-TEST>
$ echo $?

References:

Q. I need to get the IP address assigned to eth0 Linux interface. How do I find out IP address only? I don't want other information displayed by Linux ifconfig command.

A. For shell script or may be for other cause you may need the IP address only. You can use ifconfig command with grep and other filters.

Default output of /sbin/ifconfig command is all interfaces:
$ /sbin/ifconfigOutput:

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:69527 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:69527 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:41559546 (39.6 MiB)  TX bytes:41559546 (39.6 MiB)
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:17:9A:0A:F6:44
          inet addr:192.168.2.1  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::217:9aff:fe0a:f644/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:227614 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:60421 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:272 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:69661583 (66.4 MiB)  TX bytes:10361043 (9.8 MiB)
          Interrupt:17
ra0       Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:50:56:C0:00:01
          inet addr:192.168.1.2  Bcast:192.168.2.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::250:56ff:fec0:1/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:1024 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:1320 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 b)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)

Now you just select eth0 as follows:
$ /sbin/ifconfig eth0

Now you just wanted the IP address, use grep to get the IP:
$ /sbin/ifconfig eth0| grep 'inet addr:'Output:

inet addr:192.168.2.1  Bcast:192.168.2.255  Mask:255.255.255.0

To get IP address from use cut command:
$ /sbin/ifconfig eth0 | grep 'inet addr:' | cut -d: -f2Output:

192.168.2.1  Bcast

Finally remove Bcast with awk
$ /sbin/ifconfig eth0 | grep 'inet addr:' | cut -d: -f2 | awk '{ print $1}'
Output:

192.168.2.1

See how to read UNIX/Linux system IP address in a shell script