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Linux / UNIX scp Copy Hidden . (Dot) Files

How do I copy all hidden files from $HOME using scp command line tool?
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Reboot Linksys WAG160N / WAG54 / WAG320 / WAG120N Router / Gateway

I'm using a Cisco Linksys WAG320N Router to connect my OS X UNIX and Linux systems to the Web. How do I reboot my Linksys WAG series router / gateway (modem) from UNIX / Linux / OS X bash command prompt or using a shell script?
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Apple OS X: Open .Rar File / Extract rar

I know how to open .rar file under Linux, but how do you open .rar file under Apple OS X UNIX using command line and GUI tools options?
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Restore a backup of a MySQL Database Server

Q. How can I restore a backup of a MySQL database server made with mysqldump program discussed here?

A. You can use standard mysql - the MySQL command-line tool to restore a backup of a MySQL database server.

Read back dump file

You can read the dump file back into the server like this:
mysql db-name < backup-file.sql To restore database called sales, first create the database sales: $ mysql -u root -p
Now create database called sales using SQL statement:

mysql> CREATE DATABASE sales;
mysql> quit;

Now restore database, enter:
$ mysql -u root -p sales < /path/to/sales-backup-file.sql

Ubuntu Linux: Uninstall / Remove Any Installed Software

Q. I'd like to save some disk space so I'd like to remove unwanted software from my HP laptop. How do I uninstall software under Ubuntu / Debian Linux?

A. Both Ubuntu and Debian Linux provide command line as well as GUI tools to delete / remove binary packages.

GUI Package Management Tool

synaptic is graphical management tool of software packages. It allows you to perform all actions of the command line tool apt-get in a graphical environment. This includes installing, upgrading, downgrading and removing of single packages or even upgrading your whole system.

Just click on System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager

Now you can select any package and click on Mark for Removal popup meni. You can also start GUI tool from command line, enter:
$ synaptic &

Command Line Package Management Tool

apt-get is the command-line tool for handling packages. It is used for adding / removing / updating packages.

Uninstall / Delete / Remove Package

Just use the following syntax:
sudo apt-get remove {package-name}

For example remove package called mplayer, enter:
$ sudo apt-get remove mplayer

Remove package called lighttpd along with all configuration files, enter:
$ sudo apt-get --purge remove lighttpd

To list all installed package, enter:\
dpkg --list
dpkg --list | less
dpkg --list | grep -i 'http'

MySQL command to show list of databases on server

Q. I am new to MySQL database server. How do I show the list of databases on my server? Is there any good GUI frontend exists for the same?
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Debian or Ubuntu Linux runlevel configuration tool to start service

Q. Under Red Hat or Cent OS chkconfig command provides a simple command-line tool for maintaining the /etc/rc[0-6].d directory hierarchy by relieving system administrators of the task of directly manipulating the numerous symbolic links in those directories. How do I control (or maintain Ubuntu runlevel) startup service under Debian or Ubuntu Linux with command line tool?

A. chkconfig is Redhat and friends only command. Debian or Ubuntu Linux offers different tools or command for same task.

Task: Command line tool to manage services / Ubuntu runlevel

update-rc.d automatically updates the System V style init script links /etc/rcrunlevel.d/NNname to scripts /etc/init.d/name. These are run by init when changing runlevels and are generally used to start and stop. For example turn on ssh service type the command:
# update-rc.d ssh defaultsOR$ sudo update-rc.d ssh defaults

Task: Remove service

Again use update-rc.d command:
# update-rc.d SERVICE-NAME removeOR$ sudo update-rc.d SERVICE-NAME remove

Task: Use Text based GUI Runlevel configuration tool to add or remove services

rcconf is Debian runlevel configuration tool. Rcconf allows you to control which services are started when the system boots up or reboots. It displays a menu of all the services which could be started at boot. The ones that are configured to do so are marked and you can toggle individual services on and off. If rcconf is not installed use apt-get command:
# apt-get install rcconfOR$ sudo apt-get install rcconf Now run rcconf and just follow on screen instructions:
# rcconf

Apply package updates from the Red Hat Network (RHN) For Red Hat Linux Server

Q. How do I apply package updates from the Red Hat Network (RHN)?
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