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compiling program

How to compile program under Linux / UNIX / FreeBSD

Q. I've downloaded tar ball software but I don't know how to compile the same? Can you provide the instructions for compiling a program?

A. Many new users find it difficult to compiling programs in Linux. Usually following steps are involved:

a] Download tar ball using wget

b] Untar tar ball using tar command

c] Compile program using make or configure command

d] Install software

Task: compiling program

Step # 1: Download program tar ball:
$ wget http://url-com/prog.tar.gz
Step # 2: Untar tar ball :
$ tar -zxvf prog.tar.gz
$ cd prog

Step # 3: Untar tar ball:
Configure program:
$ ./configure
Compile program:
$ make
Install program (must be run as the root, login using su or use sudo):
$ sudo make install
$ su -
$ make install

Howto see output of C program in Linux or UNIX

Q. I am new to Linux but not to c programming. At university we are using Turbo C compiler under DOS/Windows XP to write and compile C programs. Under Linux I’ve small program called test.c. How do I compile and see the output of C program in Linux? Note I’m using Fedora Core Linux.

A. Under Linux you need to gcc (GNU project C and C++ compiler) command to compile a program. When you compile a program it generates an executable file called a.out.

gcc -o output-file program.c

Task: Compile program

To compile type the command:
$ gcc test.c

Task: Execute program to see output

Above command will create a file called a.out. To see output of test.c program type:
$ ./a.out

Task: Compile to specific executable file

You can specify an execuable file name while compiling program itself:
$ gcc -o test test.c
Now execute test (see output of test.c)
$ ./test