debian packages

I‘ve build my own lighttpd .deb package and I do not want to upgrade it using the apt-get command. Also, I do not want to upgrade a few more packages such as php5-cgi, httpd and so on. How do I blacklist a package or packages so that when I run apt-get upgrade, it will ignore blacklisted packages and install the rest of updates under Debian or Ubuntu Linux server system?

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How do I install GNU/GCC compiler and related tools (such as make, debugger, man pages) collection under Debian Linux system using command line options?

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How do I find out what package provides a file called /bin/ls? I use the rpm -qf /bin/ls command under Red Hat Enterprise Linux to find out package name. Can you tell me equivalent command for the same under Debian or Ubuntu Linux?

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