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Freebsd memory information

Q. How do I find out RAM size / memory size in FreeBSD? How do I display amount of free and used memory in the system?

A. To displays the total amount of free and used physical and swap memory in the system, as well as the buffers used by the kernel you need to install special script Most user use sysctal command to get all data. There is a perl script that automates everything and display back result on screen.

This script query the system through the generic sysctl interface. The sysctl utility retrieves kernel state and allows processes with appropriate privilege to set kernel state. You must have perl installed on FreeBSD.

FreeBSD command about RAM size and information

Download perl script which is written by Ralf S. Engelschall:

# fetch http://www.cyberciti.biz/files/scripts/freebsd-memory.pl.txt
# mv freebsd-memory.pl.txt /usr/local/bin/free
# chmod +x /usr/local/bin/free

Make sure perl is installed. Now to display or list total system memory usage type
$ free
Output:

SYSTEM MEMORY INFORMATION:
mem_wire:          25341952 (     24MB) [  9%] Wired: disabled for paging out
mem_active:  +     47529984 (     45MB) [ 18%] Active: recently referenced
mem_inactive:+     15605760 (     14MB) [  6%] Inactive: recently not referenced
mem_cache:   +        16384 (      0MB) [  0%] Cached: almost avail. for allocation
mem_free:    +    165556224 (    157MB) [ 65%] Free: fully available for allocation
mem_gap_vm:  +       389120 (      0MB) [  0%] Memory gap: UNKNOWN
-------------- ------------ ----------- ------
mem_all:     =    254439424 (    242MB) [100%] Total real memory managed
mem_gap_sys: +      4988928 (      4MB)        Memory gap: Kernel?!
-------------- ------------ -----------
mem_phys:    =    259428352 (    247MB)        Total real memory available
mem_gap_hw:  +      9007104 (      8MB)        Memory gap: Segment Mappings?!
-------------- ------------ -----------
mem_hw:      =    268435456 (    256MB)        Total real memory installed
SYSTEM MEMORY SUMMARY:
mem_used:          87257088 (     83MB) [ 32%] Logically used memory
mem_avail:   +    181178368 (    172MB) [ 67%] Logically available memory
-------------- ------------ ----------- ------
mem_total:   =    268435456 (    256MB) [100%] Logically total memory

Linux like free command for FreeBSD

Freecolor is a free replacement that displays free memory graphically as a bargraph. It supports the same options as free. Install freecolor, enter:
# cd /usr/ports/sysutils/freecolor
# make install clean

To see memory details, enter:
$ freecolor -m -o
Sample output:

             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:          4082        825       3256          0          0        117
Swap:         2048          0       2047

$ freecolor -t -m -o
Sample output:

             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:          4082        825       3256          0          0        117
Swap:         2048          0       2047
Total:        6130 = (     826 (used) +     5421 (free))