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freebsd ports collection

Q. I'm trying to upgrade my PHP version from 5.2.6 to 5.2.8 using portupgrade command. But I'm getting following errors:

*** Error code 1

Stop in /usr/ports/lang/php5.
*** Error code 1

Stop in /usr/ports/lang/php5.
*** Error code 1

Stop in /usr/ports/lang/php5.
** Command failed [exit code 1]: /usr/bin/script -qa /tmp/portupgrade.42275.0 env UPGRADE_TOOL=portupgrade UPGRADE_PORT=php5-pcre-5.2.6_2 UPGRADE_PORT_VER=5.2.6_2 make reinstall
---> Restoring the old version
pkg_add: warning: package 'php5-pcre-5.2.6_2' requires 'php5-5.2.8', but 'php5-pcre-5.2.6_2' is installed
** Fix the installation problem and try again.
[Updating the pkgdb
in /var/db/pkg ... - 62 packages found (-0 +1) . done]
** Listing the failed packages (-:ignored / *:skipped / !:failed)
! lang/php5 (php5-pcre-5.2.6_2) (install error)

How do I fix this problem and upgrade php5-pcre?
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FreeBSD Obtain and Install Ports File in /usr/ports

Q. I've installed FreeBSD server without ports. When installing my FreeBSD system, sysinstall asked my, if I would like to install the Ports Collection? I chose not to install it. Now, how do I obtain and install the FreeBSD ports collection in /usr/ports?
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FreeBSD: Mount /usr/ports Inside Jail

Q. I'd like to save disk space for my FreeBSD 7 ISP server. We run webserver, nameserver from various jails under powerful HP RAID 10 server. How do I export /usr/ports from host to each jail hosted on /jail/ volume such as /jail/www, /jail/ns, /jail/sql etc?
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Q. How do I install and configure Apache web server under FreeBSD 7.x operating systems?
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FreeBSD Install BASH Shell

I'd like to Bash shell under FreeBSD for bash programming. How do I install bash shell under FreeBSD UNIX operating system?
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Q. I’ve just moved from a Linux server to a new FreeBSD server. I'm confused with FreeBSD ports system. Can you tell me - how do I find a package file (port) and install the same?

A. Under Linux you use rpm / up2date / yum or apt-get command to install a package. Under FreeBSD you can use pkg_add command or ports system.

The FreeBSD Ports Collection is a package management system that provides an easy and consistent way of installing software packages on the FreeBSD. Usually ports is located at /usr/ports directory.

Task: Find out FreeBSD port name or package name

There are 3 different methods available to search a port name. Use any one of the following method only.

#1 : Using whereis command

If you know the exact name of the port, but just need to find out which category it is in, you can use the whereis(1) command. Simply type whereis file, where file is the program you want to install.
# whereis php5
Output:

php5: /usr/ports/lang/php5

# whereis lighttpd
Output:

lighttpd: /usr/ports/www/lighttpd

#2: Using make command

Change directory to /usr/ports
# cd /usr/ports

To search type the command as follows:
# make search name="package-name"
For example search a package called lighttpd or php
# make search name="php"
OR
# make search name="lighttpd"
Output:

Port:   lighttpd-1.4.13_2
Path:   /usr/ports/www/lighttpd
Info:   A secure, fast, compliant, and very flexible Web Server
Maint:  mnag@FreeBSD.org
B-deps: autoconf-2.59_2 libtool-1.5.22_4 m4-1.4.8_1 pcre-7.0_1 perl-5.8.8
R-deps: pcre-7.0_1
WWW:    http://www.lighttpd.net/

#3: Using locate command

You can also use locate command:
# locate php
# locate php | grep php5

Task: Install FreeBSD port

Above output displays port Path - /usr/ports/www/lighttpd. Just change directory to /usr/ports/www/lighttpd
# cd /usr/ports/www/lighttpd
Now install a port:
# make; make install
Clean the source code tree:
# make clean