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Linux / Unix: Unicode and HTML Characters Lookup By Name or Number

I need to replace special characters with equivalent hexadecimal unicode under Linux or Unix like operating system. How do I list or find out unicodes for given characters?
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I am login to a remote server using a ssh client. I am annoyed with the arrow key behavior during insert mode in Vim. As soon as I hit arrow keys, vim display A B C D on screen. How do I fix this problem under Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, Apple OS X or Unix-like operating systems? How can I fix arrow keys that display A B C D on remote shell?
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Linux / Unix: Rsync Copy Hidden Dot Files and Directories Only

How do I use the rsync tool to copy only the hidden files and directory (such as ~/.ssh/, ~/.foo, and so on) from /home/jobs directory to the /mnt/usb directory under Unix like operating system?
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Linux / Unix: sed Command Print Only Matching Lines

I see many examples and man pages on how to do operations like search-and-replace using sed. But, I want to match a given string or a regular pattern expression and display on the screen. How do I print lines with matching pattern using sed command only under Unix like operating systems?
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Linux / Unix: Find Out DNS Server IP Address / Names

How do I find out my DNS server IP address assiged my my ISP under Unix or Linux operating system using command prompt? How do I find preferred dns server under Debian / Ubuntu / Fedora Linux desktop system?
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Bash History: Correct / Repeat The Last Command With a Substitution

I often type the wrong command as follows under Linux bash shell:
rsync -av dir1 user@server1.cyberciti.biz:/path/to/dir1
cp -av file1*.txt file2*.txt /path/to/dest

I need to correct those command as follows:

rsync -av dir5 user@server1.cyberciti.biz:/path/to/dir1
cp -av delta1*.txt delta2*.txt /path/to/dest

How do I replace dir1 with dir5 or file with delta and repeat the last command under bash shell?
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Linux / Unix: lftp Command Mirror Files and Directories

How do I mirror files from remote ftp server using lftp command? How do put the entier directory from a local disk to a remote ftp server (reverse mirror) using lftp command under Linux and Unix like operating systems?
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Linux / Unix: Rsync Resume Partially Downloaded Files

I know wget command can resume downloads. H>ow do I resume partially transferred files using rsync command line under Unix like operating systems?
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Bash: Get The Last Argument Passed to a Shell Script

I'm writing a bash wrapper script that will pass arguments to the command. I need to find out the last argument if I call the wrapper as follows:

./wrapper -a -b --longarg=foo thisfilename.txt
./wrapper -a -b thisfilename.txt
./wrapper -a --next=true thisfilename.txt

=> $@ is all of them.
=> $0 is script name.
=> $1 is first arg.

I want thisfilename.txt stored in a shell variable called $last. How do I find the last argument passed to a shell script written in bash or ksh under Unix like operating systems?
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Firefox Disable / Hide New Tab Page

I've upgraded to Firefox v13. However, I don't like the new tab page. I'm concerned about my privacy. How do disable or hide new tab page while using Firefox browser version 13? How do you get rid of the "new tab" page that shows recently visited pages?
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