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linux operating systems

Reload Squid Proxy Server Without Restarting Squid Daemon

I made some changes to the /etc/squid/squid.conf file and issued the command /sbin/service squid restart. However, this command takes way too much time to restart the server. How do I tell squid to just reread the config file and apply new changes under Linux operating systems?
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Linux: Mount Disk Partition Using LABEL

How do I mount the filesystem (disk partition) using the filesystem label on the ext3/ext4 file system located on USB disk or hard disk under Linux operating systems?
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awk / cut: Skip First Two Fields and Print the Rest of Line

I‘d like to skip first two or three fields at the the beginning of a line and print the rest of line. Consider the following input:

This is a test
Giving back more than we take

I want my input file with the following output:

a test
more than we take

How do I printing lines from the nth field using awk under UNIX or Linux operating systems?
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Linux: Delete / Remove User Account

How do I remove a user’s access from my server? How do I delete a user account under Linux operating systems?
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Linux Find Out CPU Architecture Information

How do I find out my CPU architecture information under Linux operating systems?
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Mount CD-ROM in Linux

How do I mount a CD-ROM or DVD drive on a Linux operating system using command line bash shell based options?
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Linux: Determine the Manufacturer of a PCI Device

How do I determine the manufacturer of a PCI device under Linux operating systems?
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Linux: Set Environment Variable

Bash shell is used for various purposes under Linux. How do I customize the shell environment variable under Linux operating systems?
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Linux / Unix: Look Up IP Addresses

How can I look up IP addresses under UNIX or Linux operating systems using command line options?
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HowTo Install firefox-4.0.tar.bz2 in Linux

How do I install latest Firefox version 4.0 in Linux operating systems?
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