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Q. How do I change MySQL server root password under Linux / UNIX operating system at shell prompt?
A. You need to mysqladmin command which is a client for performing administrative operations. You can use it to check the server’s configuration and current status, to create and drop databases, change mysql root password and more.
How do I change mysql root password?
If you are setting a root password first time, use any one of the following command syntax:
mysqladmin password “NEW-PASSWORD“
mysqladmin -u root password “NEW-PASSWORD“
mysqladmin -u root -h localhost password “NEW-PASSWORD“
To set password to d3s9cXq, enter:
# mysqladmin -u root password "d3s9cXq"
Please note that if the NEW-PASSWORD value contains spaces or other characters that are special to your command interpreter, you need to enclose it within quotes. Thus, the next time you invoke mysqladmin (or any other client program such as mysql) using the same account, you will need to specify the new password. So to login as root, enter the command:
# mysql -u root -p
# mysql -h localhost -u root -p
- -u root: Specify username
- -p : Prompt for password
If you would like to change current password d3s9cXq to OlzzYs$qz, enter the following command:
# mysqladmin -u root -p password "OlzzYs$qz"
Enter password: <enter old password>
Q. How do I backup files and database for the Red Hat Enterprise Linux / CentOS Linux? Currently I’ve MySQL server running on CentOS 5 and Web server and file server using RHEL 5. How do I backup all these servers?
A. Regular backup is an essential for Linux system. You can take backup on
=> NAS Server
=> Network server etc
Implementing a backup policy that includes rotating backup media and keeping copies of backup media offsite is the most reliable way of minimizing damage. See following resources on our site for more information including commands and shell scripts:
Q. I have Apache Web server and MySQL configured. Everything works fine except I am not able to connect to a MySQL database server (I am able to connect mysql server with mysql client). So how do I configure or connect PHP scripts?
A. You need to install MySQL module for php4 or php5. Without php-mysql shared object or module, php scripts won’t able to connect to MySQL database server.
Debian / Ubuntu Linux User
To install type the following command:
# apt-get install php4-mysql
if you are using PHP5, enter:
# apt-get install php5-mysql
RHEL <= 4 user
If you are using Red Hat Linux:
# up2date php-mysql
If you are using Fedora / CentOS / RHEL 5 Linux:
# yum install php-mysql
Restart apache to take effect. Now you will be able to connect MySQL via PHP scripts.
# service httpd restart
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