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Linux Create Software RAID 1 (Mirror) Array

How do I create Software RAID 1 arrays on Linux systems without using GUI tools or installer options? How do I setup RAID 1 array under Linux systems?
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FreeBSD Check The Health of Adaptec RAID Array

I've Adaptec RAID 1 set via 5405 PCI card. I know how to get check the health of Adaptec RAID array under Linux, but how do I find information about my RAID card, RAID status, disk failure and other information via command line?
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UNIX / Linux: Copy Master Boot Record (MBR)

How do I copy MBR from one hard disk to another hard disk under Debian Linux?
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Howto rebuilding a RAID array after a disk fails

Q. I have two disk-mirrored array, suppose if one of my disk in mirrored RAID array fails, then I will replace that disk with new one (I have hot swapping SCSI drives). Now question is how I rebuild a RAID array after a disk fails.

A. A redundant array of inexpensive disks, (redundant array of independent disks) is a system, which uses multiple hard drives to share or replicate data among the drives. You can use both IDE and SCSI disk for mirroring.

If you are not using hot swapping drives then you need to shutdown server. Once hard disk has been replaced to system, you need to use used raidhotadd to add disks from RAID-1, -4 and -5 arrays, while they are active.

Assuming that new SCSI disk is /dev/sdb, type the following command:# raidhotadd /dev/mdX /dev/sdbReplace /dev/mdX with actual raid device name (e.g. /dev/md0). While array is under construction, you can see progress and other information by typing following command:# cat /proc/mdstat

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