I am a new Linux user. I use scp to upload files to net-storage provided CDN company. I do not want to overwrite the existing files. How can I prevent overwriting of files when using scp command under Linux, Mac OS X or Unix like operating systems?


I am a new vi / vim text editor user and I know how to quit without saving changes. What if I want to wipe out all of the edits I have made in a session and get back to the original file? How do I wipe all changes since opening a file?


How do I use rsync command to sync files to a remote host called web-42.vps running VSFTPD ftp server? Can you give me rsync ftp example for Unix like operating systems?

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I‘m setting up server on an Amazon EC2 compute instance powered by Suse Enterprise Linux server. I am using the following command to login into the my EC2 compute from OS X/Ubuntu desktop:

ssh -i suse-ec2-server-jp.pem root@ec2-xx-yy-zzz-yyy.compute-1.amazonaws.com

I am getting the following error:
Permissions 0440 for 'suse-ec2-server-jp.pem' are too open.
It is recommended that your private key files are NOT accessible by others.
This private key will be ignored.
bad permissions: ignore key: suse-ec2-server-jp.pem

How do I fix this problem and login using ssh command?

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Builtin commands are contained within the bash shell itself. How do I list all bash builtin commands under Linux / Apple OS X / *BSD / Unix like operating systems without reading large bash man page?


I am a new Linux command line user. How do I start or run command in the background so that I can access command prompt immediately?


I have Debian / Ubuntu Linux. I need to compile software written in C. The gcc throwing an error that read as follows:

gnu/stubs-32.h: No such file or directory compilation terminated. make: *** [foo.o] Error 1

How do I fix this problem under Debian or Ubuntu Linux 64 bit system and compile apps using gcc compiler?

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