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type pwd

Q. How do I display the absolute path to the current working directory under Linux or UNIX operating system?

A. The pwd command displays the absolute pathname of the current working directory to the computer screen.

Print name of current/working directory

Type pwd command:
pwd
Output:
/home/vivek

Above command print the full filename of the current working directory i.e /home/vivek.

Display actual directory location

Use -P option to display the physical current working directory (all symbolic links resolved). For example, /home/lighttpd is /var/www/root/lighttpd:
cd /home/lighttpd
pwd

Output:

/home/lighttpd

Now run with -P option
pwd -P
Output:

/var/www/root/lighttpd