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/var/log/messages

Linux Command To Find SATA Link Speed Such as 1.5 / 3.0 / 6.0 Gbps [ Hard Disk ]

How do I find out my SATA link speed? How do I make sure my sata hard disk is working at 6Gbps speed and how do I verify this on a Linux server running on HP or IBM amd64 hardware?
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Linux: Neighbour Table Overflow Error and Solution

I setup a CentOS Linux based Linux server running as a gateway and firewall server. However, I'm getting the following messages in the /var/log/messages log file:

Dec 20 00:41:01 fw01 kernel: Neighbour table overflow.
Dec 20 00:41:01 fw01 last message repeated 20 times

OR


Dec 20 00:41:01 fw03 kernel: [ 8987.821184] Neighbour table overflow.
Dec 20 00:41:01 fw03 kernel: [ 8987.860465] printk: 100 messages suppressed.

Why does kernel throw "Neighbour table overflow" messages in syslog? How do I fix this problem under Debian / CentOS / RHEL / Fedora / Ubuntu Linux?
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Ubuntu Linux Set Iscsi Initiator

ISCSI is a network protocol standard that allows the use of the SCSI protocol over TCP/IP networks. How do I setup Iscsi Initiator under Ubuntu Linux? How do I format and connect to an iSCSI volume under Ubuntu Linux? How do I store VMware or Virtualbox virtual machine images using iscsi storage?
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CentOS / Redhat Linux: Install Keepalived To Provide IP Failover For Web Cluster

Keepalived provides a strong and robust health checking for LVS clusters. It implements a framework of health checking on multiple layers for server failover, and VRRPv2 stack to handle director failover. How do I install and configure Keepalived for reverse proxy server such as nginx or lighttpd?
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BIND: Max open files (1024) is smaller than max sockets (4096) Error and Solution

While going though my logs I found that BIND9 on Debian version 5.x is giving a warning which read as follows:

max open files (1024) is smaller than max sockets (4096)

How do I fix this problem?
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BIND: Clocks are Unsynchronized Error and Solution

Q. I've configured BIND named TSIG as documented here. It worked for some time, but my /var/log/messages got the errors as follows:

zone example.org/IN: refresh: failure trying master 71.22.11.22#53 (source 0.0.0.0#0): clocks are unsynchronized: 9 Time(s)
zone example.org/IN: refresh: failure trying master 71.22.11.22#53 (source 71.22.11.22#0): clocks are unsynchronized: 9 Time(s)

How do I fix these errors under Debian Linux 64 bit etch server?
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Linux bnx2: eth1: No interrupt was generated using MSI, switching to INTx mode

Q. I see following message in my logs files:

Linux bnx2: eth1: No interrupt was generated using MSI, switching to INTx mode

My server hangs occasionally after rebooting with above message in /var/log/message. How do I get rid of this problem under CentOS Linux / RHEL version 4.x?
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Linux Verify crond Daemon And Cronjobs Are Running

How do I verify or check cronjob is running or not under a CentOS / RHEL / Fedora Linux from a shell prompt?
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Linux Log Files Location And How Do I View Logs Files on Linux?

I am a new Linux user. I would like to know where are the log files located under Debian/Ubuntu or CentOS/RHEL/Fedora Linux server? How do I open or view log files on Linux operating systems?
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How Can I Log In As root User?

sudo command demo

How do I log in as root user under Linux, Apple OS X, *BSD, and UNIX-like operating systems?
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