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Novice Linux / Unix System Administrator Tutorials

These tutorials assumes that you have basic understanding of Unix like operating systems and you are familiar with – Unix/Linux and its commands at the user level, know how to edit files, familiar with the Bourne shell/Bash/Ksh shell, know how to perform standard file processing tasks (such as find/move/copy/delete/) and so on. ( rss feed )

FreeBSD find the chmod numerical value for a file or directory

I need to find out the numerical value of a file on a FreeBSD system. For example, get 644 instead of -rw-r--r-- for the /etc/resolv.conf file. Is there is a way to get this value in my bash shell script?
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Linux Check Disk Space Command

I recently switched from a Windows server to a Linux server operating system. I am using Ubuntu LTS server. How do I find out disk space utilization information using command line option?
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How to enable colorized output for the ls command in Mac OS X Terminal

I am new to Apple OS X. How do I enable colorized output for my ls command on Apple Mac OS X just like the ones that shown on my Ubuntu Linux server? How do I configure Mac OS X Terminal app to have color ls output?
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Ubuntu Linux check cron log file error or messages in /var/log/cron.log file

I am trying to find errors or message for my cron job on Ubuntu Linux server. Where is the cron log in Ubuntu Linux 12.04/14.04 LTS server? How do I check cron logs in Ubuntu server? How to check if crond server is enabled and/or is running properly on Ubuntu Linux server?
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How to use curl command with proxy username and password on Linux or Unix

My sysadmin provided me the following proxy details:
       IP: 202.54.1.1
       Port: 3128
       Username: foo
       Password: bar

The settings worked perfectly with Google Chrome and Firefox browser. How do I use it with the curl command? How do I tell the curl command to use my proxy settings from Google Chrome browser?
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The OpenSSH project released an ssh client bug info that can leak private keys to malicious servers. A man-in-the-middle kind of attack identified and fixed in OpenSSH are dubbed CVE-2016-0777 and CVE-2016-0778. How do I fix OpenSSH's client vulnerability on a Linux or Unix-like operating system?
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How to find out when Debian or Ubuntu package installed or updated

How do I find and list installed Debian or Ubuntu Linux packages date? How can I see when packages got updated on my systems?
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