Novice Linux / Unix System Administrator Tutorials

These tutorials assumes that you have basic understanding of Unix like operating systems and you are familiar with – Unix/Linux and its commands at the user level, know how to edit files, familiar with the Bourne shell/Bash/Ksh shell, know how to perform standard file processing tasks (such as find/move/copy/delete/) and so on. ( rss feed )

I‘m a new Linux system user. I need to cleanup in a download directory i.e. delete all files from ~/Downloads/ folders except the following types:

*.iso – All iso images files.
*.zip – All zip files.

How do I delete all file except some in bash shell on a Linux, OS X or Unix-like systems?


My CentOS Linux based laptop can only be accessed through our corporate proxy servers. How do I access and use yum command with a Web proxy server on a CentOS / RHEL / Fedora / Red Hat / Scientific Linux?


I am a new Linux user and student who used to write C or C++ programs on MS-Windows. Now, I am using Ubuntu Linux. How can I compile a C or C++ program on Linux operating systems using bash Terminal application?


I am a new Linux bash shell command line user. How can I view a text file using command line on a Linux or Unix-like operating systems? How can I view (open) binary files such as PDF or images on a Linux or Unix like system from command line?


I am a new Unix system shell user. I need to find and list all hidden files including directories on a Linux or Unix-like system. How can I recursively list all hidden files and directories? How do I save result in a text file?


I‘m a new Apple OS X Mabbook user. I am getting an error which read as follows when I connect to any remote Linux/Unix/BSD server or machine through OS X ssh Terminal app:

Last login: Wed Mar 26 08:45:36 2014 from
-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_CTYPE: cannot change locale (UTF-8): No such file or directory

How do I fix this error?


Sometime my VLC application gets crashed on a Mac OS X system. The screen goes blank and VLC stays hang running on my desktop or MacBook. How can I solve this issue and quit an unresponsive VLC application on a Mac OS X without a hard reboot?

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