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Happy 60th birthday, India!

Happy 60th birthday, India! Don't forget to taste the freedom with Open source software. If you value independence go with Linux, Firefox and other open source software :)

Today we gain independence from the United Kingdom and becomes an independent nation. Jawaharlal Nehru addresses the nation with the Indian Declaration of Independence and takes office as the first Prime Minister of India. Live it up India!

This news is 100% true; I’ve witnessed lots of growth recently here in India, especially in Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore. Many south states making it compulsory to use Linux and open source software for government funded project.

Way back in 1999 I switched from Windows to Linux desktop because:
=> Cost
=> Virus issues
=> Reliability & Security

Today I can almost purchase any computer or toy, money is not issue, but I still prefer to use Linux as desktop. Windows Vista has given companies in less-developed markets a reason to consider open source alternatives, especially hardware requirements are high. People in Asia still purchase and use old Celeron based computer with 128 / 256 MB RAM, here is my desktop CPU (I'm using it since last 4 years):
$ grep -i cpu /proc/cpuinfo

cpu family      : 15
model name      : Intel(R) Celeron(R) CPU 1.70GHz
cpu MHz         : 1716.927
cpuid level     : 2

Open source accounts for between 25 and 70 percent of all software in Australian, Chinese, Indian and Korean companies, according to a recent IDC survey.In an interview with ZDNet Australia sister site ZDNet Asia, Wilvin Chee, research director with IDC's Asia-Pacific software research group, said: "Businesses are using a variety of open source software, ranging from infrastructure software and storage to enterprise applications such as CRM (customer relationship management) and ERM (enterprise resource management)."

Conducted by IDC between February and March this year, the study involved top executives from about 1,000 companies of all sizes.

Open source take-up booming in APAC (Via digg)

Intel ClassMatePC comes with Mandriva Linux

Classmate PC is a small, mobile learning-assistant and educational solution that Intel specially developed for students in emerging markets such as India, Mexico etc.

The rugged learning device, designed to provide affordable, collaborative learning environments.

This PC comes with Mandriva Linux (another good Linux desktop distro).

A classmate PC is designed with a set of particular features, such as:

Intel ClassMatePC comes with Mandriva Linux

Intel ClassMatePC Pictures / Photo

Rugged, light-weight, and easy to carry design, integrated handwriting hardware technology, and a software stack with validated educational applications, e.g., education management technology.

Wireless and messaging systems that allow a tight integration and interaction between users from different groups, allowing them to share experiences, communicate and coordinate activities, and collaborate.

Classmatepc project website (via )

Wikipedia defines DST as follows:
Daylight saving time (DST), also known as summer time in British English, is the convention of advancing clocks so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less. Typically clocks are adjusted forward one hour in late winter or early spring and are adjusted backward in autumn. Details vary by location and change occasionally; see When it starts and stops below.

Do I need to apply the DST patch on my server?

DST patch is only required in few countries such as North America countries (e.g. United States. DST is not required in India and Asia (China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan) at all (however once we had DST). Please see this wikipedia article. It display usage and a short history of daylight saving time by location in alphabetic order.

Daylight Saving Time map image worldwild
(See DST heat map)

Do I need to apply the DST patch on AIX/UNIX/Linux/HP-UX/Solaris/Windows servers running in IST (Indian) timezone?

I’ve received at least 8-10 email regarding IST timetonze. Short answer is no (see heat map).

Task: Verify if you need DST update i.e. display timezone data

Use the zdump utility to display timezone data.
# zdump -v Australia/Queensland
# zdump -v /etc/localtime | grep 2007

If you see date “Sun Mar 11” your system is already patched and no need to read further.

Many of our servers located in north America and all of these server powered by RedHat enterprise Linux or Debian Linux or MS-Windows server 2003.

If you are running RHEL 4.0...

Update tzdata package:
# up2date -u tzdata
# system-config-date

# cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/ America/NewYork /etc/localtime
# zdump -v /etc/localtime |grep 2007

If you are running Debian/Ubuntu Linux...

Use apt-get to update tzdata package:
$ sudo apt-get install tzdata
# apt-get install tzdata

Run tzconfig to update your configuration:
# tzconfig
# zdump -v /etc/localtime |grep 2007

Microsoft Window Server / XP DST

Please see - how to configure daylight saving time for the United States in 2007

Sun Java and DST

A few servers running Sun Java requires update as well.

Manually update DST under Linux

You can manually update your configuration by following these inductions as well.

Check DST using a Webbrowser

You can also check your Linux or Windows workstation by visiting the University of Minnesota's DST time check site (browser with javascript support required).

ELCOT India moving to Linux

ELCOT is a Government undertaking responsible in the promotion of Information Technology, Electronics in the State of Tamil Nadu, a southern state in India.

Now they are moving to Linux and other open source project :D

ELCOT decided in favor of open-source software because of its lower cost than proprietary software from Microsoft Corp. and other vendors.

The company will migrate from Microsoft at the server and desktop levels, according to Umashankar. "My job is to save cost, and open-source software delivers the same if not more efficiency at a marginal cost," he added.

ELCOT negotiated with Microsoft to lower the price of Windows XP Home Edition to 500 Indian rupees (US$11), but the company was not willing to cut prices on the software, Umashankar said.

More information available at Yahoo news : Key Indian IT services organization moving to Linux

The strong earth quake off Taiwan on Tuesday night that cut undersea cable brought down Internet and long distance telephone calls for several hours.

At my work place we have several LL from VSNL and one of them went completely down. Thanks to some smart networking and routing traffic was routed via other providers.

Most ISPs in India use Singapore Telecommunications (SingTel). The work is in progress and it will take 2 weeks to fix cable.

=> Total 6 undersea cables are out of order
=> Disrupts telecommunication across Asia
=> In India, back offices and call centers experienced some difficulty
=> Many ISP were down or working extremely slow

But thanks to superb network design and multiple service providers most services back online now.

More information is available here

Red Hat magazine has published an article about common things in open source and India's tradition of knowledge. Intellectual property. Who does it help? An Indian man examines his country's history and concludes that shared knowledge benefits everyone. And the economy.

From the article:
Intellectual property. It's one of the defining terms of the 21st century. The recent knowledge symposium, "Owning the future: Ideas and their role in the digital age" deconstructed the term "intellectual property" and examined the assumptions beneath it. Since the event was being held in India, it seemed appropriate to examine intellectual property in the context of Indian traditions of knowledge.

Though no one has a proprietary lock on yoga, it is still a thriving $30 billion business in the United States.

But, in the digital era, we can enrich ourselves immensely by giving. Indian tradition belives that knowledge grows through sharing. The open source philosophy, based on the principles of collaboration, community, and shared ownership of intellectual resources has much in common with Indian traditions of knowledge. We therefore owe it, not only to India, but to the world, to ensure that the sharing of knowledge and not its reduction into "intellectual property" is the norm.

A society that shares: India's tradition of knowledge [redhat.com]

Although, I agree with author, in reality education is a big business under the name of knowledge in India. Just look at all those engineering and medical colleges/universities. Normal student like you and me cannot take admission without student loan. This is hard reality, period.