Ubuntu / Debian Linux: Services Configuration Tool to Start / Stop System Services

by on December 12, 2007 · 13 comments· LAST UPDATED April 18, 2008

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Your Debian / Ubuntu Linux box security depends upon access to system services (one of many aspects). For example, you may need to provide a web server (Apache service) to serve web pages. However, if you do not need use a service, you should always turn off all unused services to avoid exploits.

Traditionally, Debian provided various tools to manage services. There are various methods for managing access to system services:
a) /etc/init.d/service
b) rcconf
c) update-rc.d etc

Under Red hat and Centos Linux you can use chkconfig command (ntsysv command) to configure Sys V style init script links. There is also service command to stop / start / restart services.

So if you are addicted to the service command under RHEL / CentOS / Mandriva Linux and have wondered what to do in Debian / Ubuntu, Linux try sysvconfig package.

sysvconfig - Services Startup Configuration Tool

Debian and Ubuntu Linux also offers service command. It can be used to execute System V style init script stored at /etc/init.d/service-name { start|stop|restart|action }. This is good if you grown up with Red hat. This tool is equivalent to update-rc.d and invoke-rc.d (rcconf and others).

sysvconfig package

First, install sysvconfig package:
$ sudo apt-get install sysvconfig

To start / restart / stop service, use the following syntax:
$ sudo service {service-name} restart <-- Restart service
$ sudo service {service-name} stop <-- Stop service
$ sudo service {service-name} start <-- Start service

For example to stop apache service, enter:
$ sudo service apache stop

sysvconfig command

This is a text-based application that allows you to configure which services are started at boot time for each runlevel. It is simple interface for configuring runlevels. sysvconfig is just like ntsysv under Red hat Linux. It has dialog based interactive, menus to help automate setting up Sys V style init script links:

  • Enable or disable services.
  • Edit individual links.
  • Restore from backup file if you make a mistake.
  • Menu or command line interface.
  • View all services, each with its status and a brief description.

To start Sys V editor, enter:
$ sudo sysvconfig &
sysvconfig - configure Sys V style init script links under Debian / Ubuntu Linux
(Fig 01: sysvconfig in action - startup screen with menus)

You can enable or disable any system services:
sysvconfig - enable or disable any system services under Debian / Ubuntu Linux
(Fig 02: sysvconfig in action - Enable or Disable system services)

Please note that when you configure a new service using these tools, you may need to reconfigure firewall as well to open required ports.

Further readings

=> Read the man pages for sysvconfig and service command.

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{ 13 comments… read them below or add one }

1 hayalci December 12, 2007 at 10:24 pm

sysv-rc-conf is another good utility to configure services. it is ncurses based and if you run it in detailed view, you can change startup order, you can delete links completely instead of S->K change.

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2 RD December 16, 2007 at 11:43 am

ESR also contributed a “chkconfig” script for RH users, it’s posted to the Upstart development list sometime this summer, and is in the archives.

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3 V.Balaviswanathan April 23, 2009 at 2:35 pm

Thank You all for the provided information. It helped me to configure my Ubuntu machine

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4 Irudayaraj May 18, 2009 at 8:30 am

Thanks it useful

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5 tv June 24, 2009 at 9:34 pm

Hi, for those looking for a very nice and feature-full gui to control startup scripts, give the “bum” package a try on Debian.

Cheers.

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6 the_guv October 5, 2009 at 6:37 am

tx for that
.. another one to check out is Monit.

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7 shake chen December 26, 2009 at 1:06 pm

hello

in centos, I can use comand

1:list all the start service.
chkconfig –list | grep 3:on | cut -f1

2:start only I need service ,stop the other no need service.
chkconfig –list |grep 3:on |awk ‘{print $1}’ |egrep -v ‘sshd|network|syslog’ |xargs -i{} chkconfig –level 3 {} off

how to do in ubuntu or debian?

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8 Elias Roos February 25, 2012 at 7:42 pm

So this is sort of like the services console in windows, right?

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9 Vukasin February 27, 2012 at 6:40 am

Hi Guys,

In Mint12 chkconfig is available in repo:

$ apt-get install chkconfig
$ chkconfig –list

//Vukasin

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10 Hadret July 20, 2012 at 1:50 pm

On Debian (and I assume on all debian-based distros too), there’s very nice tool called sysv-rc-conf for service administration (:

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11 s carr August 1, 2012 at 6:01 pm

sudo apt-get install sysvconfig
returns no suitable candidates. What repository can I get it from?

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12 Xunnamius October 28, 2012 at 5:11 am

Wondering this as well.

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13 test October 26, 2012 at 10:19 am

good stuff

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