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Linux: Monitor Hard Disks Temperature With hddtemp

There is a nice utility to monitor hard drive temperature. Most modern x86 computer hard disk comes with S.M.A.R.T (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology). It is a monitoring system for computer hard disks to detect and report on various indicators of reliability, in the hope of anticipating failures.

=> hddtemp utility will give you the temperature of your hard drive by reading data from S.M.A.R.T. on drives that support this feature. Only modern hard drives have a temperature sensor. hddtemp supports reading S.M.A.R.T. information from SCSI drives too. hddtemp can work as simple command line tool or as a daemon to get information from all servers.

Install hddtemp

To install hddtemp under Debian / Ubuntu Linux, enter:
$ sudo apt-get install hddtemp
You can also perform source code installation. Download the source code tar ball here.
$ wget http://download.savannah.nongnu.org/releases/hddtemp/hddtemp-0.3-beta15.tar.bz2
Untar and install hddtemp:
$ tar -jxvf hddtemp-0.3-beta15.tar.bz2
$ cd hddtemp-0.3-beta15
$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install

Install hard disk temperature database at /usr/share/misc or /etc directory:
$ cd /usr/share/misc
# wget http://download.savannah.nongnu.org/releases/hddtemp/hddtemp.db

How do I monitor hard disk temperature?

To see temperature for /dev/sda, enter the following command:
# hddtemp /dev/sda
Output:

/dev/sda: WDC WD2500YS-01SHB1:  25°C

Above output indicate that my hard disk temperature is 25°C. If temperature is higher than 60°С , consider cooling options immediately.

How Do I Find Out Remote Server HDD Temperature?

By default hddtemp bind to TCP/IP port 7634. You need to run hddtemp in daemon mode. Login on remote box and start it as follows to monitor /dev/sda, /dev/sdb, /dev/sdc, and /dev/sdd:
# hddtemp -d /dev/sd[abcd]
Use telnet or nc / netcat command to to get a temperature from a remote box:
$ telnet remotebox 7634
OR
$ nc 192.168.1.100 7634

Shutdown Linux Computer If Temperature >= 55

To power off / shutdown computer, run following command via cron tab (cron job) file:
[ $(hddtemp /dev/sda | awk '{ print $4}' | awk -F '°' '{ print $1}') -ge 55 ] && /sbin/shutdown -h 0 || :
Sample shell script to shutdown box if temperature >= 55°C (download link):

#!/bin/bash
HDDS="/dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc"
HDT=/usr/sbin/hddtemp
LOG=/usr/bin/logger
DOWN=/sbin/shutdown
ALERT_LEVEL=55
for disk in $HDDS
do
  if [ -b $disk ]; then
	HDTEMP=$($HDT $disk | awk '{ print $4}' | awk -F '°' '{ print $1}')
        if [ $HDTEMP -ge $ALERT_LEVEL ]; then
           $LOG "System going down as hard disk : $disk temperature $HDTEMP°C crossed its limit"
           sync;sync
           $DOWN -h 0
        fi
  fi
done

smartctl Utility

If you have smartctl utility installed, try it as follows to get temperature data:
# smartctl -d ata -A /dev/sda | grep -i temperature
Output:

194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   122   095   000    Old_age   Always       -       28

Set ALERT_LEVEL as per your requirements. Please refer to your hard disk manual for working temperature guideline. Here is general temperature guideline (extracted from Seagate SV35.2 Series Hard Drives Web Page):

Operating 0 to 60 degrees C
Nonoperating -40 to 70 degrees C
Maximum operating temperature change 20 degrees C per hour
Maximum nonoperating temperature change 30 degrees C per hour
Maximum operating case temperature69 degrees C

A note for Windows XP / Vista / Server Users

hddtemp is UNIX / Linux only program. You can download hddtemp trial version here.

Further readings

Updated for accuracy!

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Comments on this entry are closed.

  • Mace Moneta October 9, 2007, 11:08 am

    35C is a little premature to be shutting down the system, or even to get additional cooling. Most manufacturers specify a maximum operating temperature of 60C as being fully within specifications. Check your drive manufacturer’s web site for the specifications for your particular drive. During periods of high activity (e.g., backups, RAID sync), a drive can easily exceed 50C. Shutting down every time that happens is not productive.

  • nixCraft October 9, 2007, 11:40 am

    Mace,

    I agree with you. 35C is just for example. You can set ALERT_LEVEL as per your requirements or just send an email. The post has been updated to reflect your views.

    Appreciate your post!

  • the polarizer October 9, 2007, 9:52 pm

    Neat little howto. Instant success

    box@ubuntu:~$ sudo hddtemp /dev/sda
    /dev/sda: SAMSUNG SPXXXX: 33°C
    box@ubuntu:~$ sudo hddtemp /dev/sdb
    /dev/sdb: SAMSUNG SPXXXX: 32°C

    Here on my striped raid.

    I would welcome a warning instead of immediate box shutdown w/o named reason. Some speaker beeps would fulfill that approach.

    the polarizer

    PS: Have to check whether the sda drive which is more hot is on the top.

  • Sweta October 10, 2007, 12:33 pm

    Vivek,

    Nice program. I’m gonna try out hddtemp for windows xp sp2.

    Cheers,

    STT

  • marxjo October 11, 2007, 12:04 am

    For example. Seagate disks work normally even at 50C, but if such temp will last longer, Seagate drives will start to squel, but if you have a server room…

  • I_LOVE_Missouri October 13, 2007, 12:37 pm

    I personally think that you are the best Linux blogger that I’ve ever seen. I read your blog all the time and I think it’s so well done. My browser home page set to cyberciti.biz!

  • nixCraft October 13, 2007, 1:03 pm

    Thanks for the feedback! You made my day :D

  • Pragadeshv November 20, 2007, 1:41 pm

    Its Really use full for me. Thanks vivek.

  • pete January 9, 2008, 9:30 am

    this program has an error with my version of hddtemp.
    $4 should read $3
    ‘ should read ‘
    so the line should be:
    HDTEMP=$($HDT $disk | awk ‘{ print $3}’ | awk -F ‘°’ ‘{ print $1}’)

    additionally, if a shutdown is to occur, and there is more than one hard drive, the shutdown command will be executed for the number of hard drives that exceed the temperature. i am a linux newbie and don’t know if this is relevant.
    P.

  • Erwin September 11, 2008, 8:06 am

    Check hddtemp-0.3-beta15/src/hddtemp.c
    on line 227, the hddtemp tool can also print out just the temperature value. No need to parse the output and fetch the value from a formatted string.
    Just issue this command:

    /usr/local/sbin/hddtemp /dev/hdc --numeric

  • Erwin Kooi September 11, 2008, 8:13 am

    This is my cron script using the –numeric arg:

    #!/bin/bash
    HDDS="/dev/hdc"
    HDT=/usr/sbin/hddtemp
    LOG=/usr/bin/logger
    DOWN=/sbin/shutdown
    ALERT_LEVEL=55
    args="--numeric"
    for disk in $HDDS
    do
    if [ -b $disk ]; then
    HDTEMP=$($HDT $disk $args)
    $LOG "HDTEMP for $disk is $HDTEMP"
    if [ $HDTEMP -ge $ALERT_LEVEL ]; then
    $LOG "System going down as hard disk : $disk temperature $HDTEMP exceeded its limit"
    sync;sync
    $DOWN -h 0
    fi
    fi
    done

    • FErArg November 6, 2013, 1:45 pm

      Great Contribution!

      Thanks!

  • andrew November 15, 2008, 9:47 pm

    My Drive is named: SAMSUNG HD400LJ
    and behaves normally, 194 is allright :)
    Thanks for this great software!

  • Brian February 15, 2009, 9:13 am

    Thank you, just what i need fore my server in my closet :)

    But i think i will make it beep fist and if the temperature raises further then shutdown.

  • JAY May 31, 2009, 10:21 pm

    HDT=”/usr/sbin/hddtemp -n”

  • JAY May 31, 2009, 10:24 pm
    WARN_LEVEL=40
    ALERT_LEVEL=63
    for disk in $HDDS
    do
      if [ -b $disk ]; then
    	HDTEMP=$($HDT $disk)
            if [ $HDTEMP -ge $ALERT_LEVEL ]; then
    		date >> ~/Desktop/ERRORS.TXT
               	echo "System going down as hard disk : $disk temperature is $HDTEMP°C" >> ~/Desktop/ERRORS.TXT
               sync;sync
    		$DOWN -h 0
    	else
    		echo $disk - $HDTEMP
            fi
    	if [ $HDTEMP -ge $WARN_LEVEL ]; then
    		date >> ~/Desktop/ERRORS.TXT
               	echo "hard disk : $disk temperature is $HDTEMP°C" >> ~/Desktop/ERRORS.TXT
    		/usr/bin/notify-send -u critical -c device.error -i /usr/share/icons/Human/32x32/status/dialog-warning.png -t 900 "HDD TEMP" "$disk temperature $HDTEMP°C"
    		zenity --info --text "hard disk : $disk temperature $HDTEMP°C"
               sync;sync
            fi
      fi
    done
    exit 0
  • steveh July 22, 2009, 1:15 pm

    To see temperature for /dev/sda, enter the following command:
    # hddtemp /dev/sda
    Output:

    /dev/sdb: WDC WD2500YS-01SHB1: 25°C

    The output should also be /dev/sda not sdb.

    • Philippe Petrinko July 7, 2010, 12:57 pm

      Hi Vivek,

      SteveH is right there is a typo (should be the same device ! sda )

      And Andrey ask a useful question: Is it possible to get any SMART HDD info using a HDD-USB drive ?

      TIA!

      • nixCraft July 7, 2010, 8:42 pm

        Philippe,

        I’ve updated the post. And yes, it works with hdd info using a USB drive directly connected to system or via docking station.

        HTH

  • Andrey March 28, 2010, 7:09 am

    Hi!
    Thanks for your blog!
    Tell me please, will it work for me if I use the SATA Docking Station, so the hard drive is connected to my computer via usb?
    What am I supposed to do?

    • nixCraft July 7, 2010, 8:40 pm

      Yes, it works with laptop docking station connected via USB.

      hddtemp sata:/dev/sdc
  • Luc July 13, 2010, 2:10 pm

    Hi,

    First off, thanks for the great tutorial and information.

    I have a question. How does this work with RAID drives, or can it? For example, all of my servers are running either RAID-0,2,6, etc and usually all the drives show up as one in linux (ex: /dev/sda).

    I have not tried this method yet, but I’m wondering if and how this would work with RAID (where a raid controller connects the drives to the system).

    Thanks,
    Luc

    • nixCraft July 13, 2010, 2:29 pm

      Most modern RAID controller expose themself to you via different device name under Linux. See this FAQ. Also cli tools provided by RAID controller can be used to obtain the same info. It all depends upon your RAID card. However, hddtemp may not work for RAID based hard disk, use smartctl command:

      smartctl -d scsi --all /dev/sg1  | grep -i temp
      Temperature Warning Disabled or Not Supported
      Current Drive Temperature:     23 C
      Drive Trip Temperature:        65 C
      

      This is from Adaptec 5405 SAS running FUJITSU hard disks.

  • Aario November 23, 2010, 9:51 pm

    Hi,
    Mine is 59C! It’s too hot. You said cooling options, please someone tell me how can I cool down my hard drive?
    Laptop: Acer Aspire 5536
    Linux: Ubuntu 10.04
    Here’s the output of hddtemp command:
    sudo hddtemp /dev/sda
    /dev/sda: WDC WD3200BEVT-22ZCT0: 59°C
    Thanks in advance.

    • Erik December 26, 2010, 7:15 pm

      You can put a small fan in front of the drives ( in the front of your comp-case ). this well draw fresh (cool) air in and blow it over the Harddisk and cooling it. Also, place your computer on the floor ( the air is cooler on the floor )

      I am having this problem : I use hddtemp (daemon) in combination with conky. My 4 internal drives report just fine, but my 2 external sata-drives connected with usb don’t report the temperature ( -> N/A in conky ). The internal and external drives are all Samsung model 103SJ / SI or UJ. ( i tried putting sata: in front of the device name in the conky config file. When i try hddtemp in terminal ‘hddtemp /dev/sbb’ i get ‘/dev/sdb: SAMSUNG HD103SI: S.M.A.R.T. not available’, when i try ‘hddtemp sata:/dev/sdb’ i get a several lines of weird characters and the correct temperature behind them)
      Any suggestions how to fix this ?

  • pr7vinas January 27, 2011, 1:53 pm

    I do not recommend hddtemp. My application fails because of it.
    I run it about 30 times and in the middle, it fails. It causes an error on the bus. I’m looking for something better.

  • mark September 26, 2011, 4:01 pm

    Not working on USB drives

    hddtemp /dev/sde
    /dev/sde: WD Ext HDD 1021: S.M.A.R.T. not available

    • Melody September 26, 2014, 7:25 am

      sudo smartctl -d auto -A /dev/sdb | grep -i temperature

      where sdb is an external usb drive (this was a usb 3.0 connection)

  • d4m1r August 2, 2012, 12:31 am

    Created the below script in a file (called check-hddtemp) in /usr/local/sbin/ and set it to run every 30min in my Ubuntu Server 11.10’s crontab file (in /etc/). Script is below and so is more information how to set it up.

    #!/bin/bash
    HDDS="/dev/sda"
    HDT=/usr/sbin/hddtemp
    LOG=/usr/bin/logger
    DOWN=/sbin/shutdown
    ALERT_LEVEL=50
    args="--numeric"
    for disk in $HDDS
    do
    if [ -b $disk ]; then
    HDTEMP=$($HDT $disk $args)
    $LOG "HDTEMP for $disk is $HDTEMP"
    if [ $HDTEMP -ge $ALERT_LEVEL ]; then
    $LOG "System going down due hard disk : $disk temperature $HDTEMP exceeded its limit"
    sync;sync
    $DOWN -h 0
    fi
    fi
    done
    

    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?p=12144858

  • Piotr Opara May 20, 2013, 8:59 am

    Hi
    Insted of:
    HDTEMP=$($HDT $disk | awk ‘{ print $4}’ | awk -F ‘°’ ‘{ print $1}’)
    try use
    HDTEMP=$($HDT -n $disk | awk ‘{ print $1}’)

  • Rafal November 18, 2014, 2:59 am

    For Windows users, you can download smartmontools for Windows (free) http://www.smartmontools.org/wiki/Download#InstalltheWindowspackage instead of using a trial version of hddtemp. Then create check.bat to check the temp and if it reaches the max level, use the shutdown command plus some echo command to a log file.