Iptables Restricting Access By Time Of The Day

by on January 12, 2006 · 6 comments· LAST UPDATED November 15, 2009

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Recently I was asked to control access to couple of services based upon day and time. For example ftp server should be only available from Monday to Friday between 9 AM to 6 PM only. It is true that many services and daemons have in built facility for day and time based access control. For example xinetd offers data and time based access control. Iptables also allows such control via time patch/module. It matches if the packet arrival time/date is within a given range. This is very handy when you want a service to be available only at certain times of day or even certain days.

General syntax:

iptables RULE -m time --timestart TIME --timestop TIME --days DAYS -j ACTION

Where,

  • --timestart TIME : Time start value . Format is 00:00-23:59 (24 hours format)
  • --timestop TIME : Time stop value.
  • --days DAYS : Match only if today is one of the given days. (format: Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat,Sun ; default everyday)

An example
Suppose you would like to allow incoming ssh access only available from Monday to Friday between 9 AM to 6. Then you need to use iptables as follows:
Input rule:

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -s 0/0 --sport 513:65535 -d 202.54.1.20 --dport 22 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m time --timestart 09:00 --timestop 18:00 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri -j ACCEPT

Output rule:

iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp -s 202.54.1.20 --sport 22 -d 0/0 --dport 513:65535 -m state --state ESTABLISHED -m time --timestart 09:00 --timestop 18:00 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri -j ACCEPT

References:

  • Please note time module is not part of standard kernel, you need to download and apply patch from Patch-O-Matic
  • Read iptables man page for more information.
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{ 6 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Flosse November 23, 2006 at 2:09 pm

Good tips, thanks I linked to it from one of my articles… if you dont mind…

//flosse

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2 nixCraft November 23, 2006 at 2:48 pm

flosse,

Heh no problem.

Appreciate your post.

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3 ranto June 11, 2007 at 6:51 am

time option is not working with ubuntu 7.04. The time library is missing , may I have to recompile the whole Kernel ?

Ranto

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4 Emre Y. November 14, 2009 at 5:47 pm

In the examples, module parameter —days written as -days (with one dash).

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5 majo053 February 13, 2010 at 7:35 pm

—days is worng. Try –weekdays maybe.

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6 Tom July 30, 2010 at 12:21 pm

Hehe this is amazing what IPTABLES can do :D
Thanks for help, I just limited someone access to VPN to workdays only ;)

in IPtables 1.4.8 there is no option “–days”, just “–weekdays”

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