Howto Setup Linux as router for ppp dial up (PSTN/ISDN) connections

by on November 23, 2004 · 1 comment· LAST UPDATED November 8, 2006

in , ,

This step by step howto will help you to setup Linux as router only in two (2) minutes. I'm assuming that your setup is as follows:

(A) You are using RedHat Linux, FC linux/Debian Linux (this should work with ALL Other distros as well :D )

(B) ppp0 is internet interface (connected to Modem for example) and eth0 connected to your internal lan (connected to your HUB/Switch for example)

My Linux  --> eth0
Box      --> ppp0 (comes up when you dial up into ISP)

Step # 1 Turn on ip forwarding in kernel

1) Open linux kernel configuration file:
# vi /etc/sysctl.conf

2) Add/modify following line:
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1

Step # 2 Restart network
# /etc/init.d/network restart
OR
# service network restart

(Note first dial to ISP using wvdial or similar program )

Step # 3 Setup IP forwarding and Masquerading (to act as router), you need to use NAT option of iptables as follows:
# iptables --table nat --append POSTROUTING --out-interface ppp0 -j MASQUERADE
# iptables --append FORWARD --in-interface eth0 -j ACCEPT

Step # 4 You are done! Test it with ping or dig:
# ping your-isp.com
# dig www.nixcraft.com
# dig yahoo.com

Step # 5 Point all client to your eth0 IP address as Router/Gateway.

Step # 6 Put code described in step # 3 to script and call it from /etc/rc.local

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{ 1 comment… read it below or add one }

1 Suketu February 4, 2009 at 5:53 pm

Hi
this configuration is not working for me

i have USB modem, and eth0
i am dialing with wvdial, using centos 5.2
connection is working, i can use internet on the same machine, but i am not able to enable the routing using your post, tried many post but i am not able to manage it

my ppp0 is having dynamic IP address when ever i connect to the internet
eth0 is connected to my local lan haivng ip address to 192.168.0.1/192.168.0.10

get me some thing, i am very much stuck
Thanks in advance

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