Top 5 Linux DVD RIP Software

by on February 7, 2011 · 38 comments· LAST UPDATED February 7, 2011

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A DVD ripper software allows you to copying the content of a DVD to a hard disk drive. You transfer video on DVDs to different formats, or make a backup of DVD content, and to convert DVD video for playback on media players, streaming, and mobile phone. A few DVD rippers software can copy protected disks so that you can make discs unrestricted and region-free.

Please note that most of the following programs can rip encrypted DVDs, as long as you have libdvdcss2 installed as described here. Please check the copyright laws for your country regarding the backup of any copyright-protected DVDs and other media.

#1: AcidRIP

AcidRip is an automated front end for MPlayer/Mencoder (ripping and encoding DVD tool using mplayer and mencoder) written in Perl, using Gtk2::Perl for a graphical interface. Makes encoding a DVD just one button click! You can install it as follows under Debian / Ubuntu Linux:
$ sudo apt-get install acidrip

Fig.01: Linux Ripping And Encoding DVD's With AcidRip Software

Fig.01: Linux Ripping And Encoding DVD's With AcidRip Software


On the Preview tab you can choose to watch a bit of a preview of the resulting movie:
Fig.02: Preview your DVD rip

Fig.02: Preview your DVD rip


And when you are ready, click the Start button to rip DVDs.

=> Download acidrip

#2: DVD::RIP

dvd::rip is a full featured DVD copy program written in Perl i.e. fron end for transcode and ffmpeg. It provides an easy to use but feature-rich Gtk+ GUI to control almost all aspects of the ripping and transcoding process. It uses the widely known video processing swissknife transcode and many other Open Source tools. dvd::rip itself is licensed under GPL / Perl Artistic License. You can install dvd::rip as follows under Debian / Ubuntu Linux:
$ sudo apt-get install dvdrip

Fig.03: dvd::rip in action

Fig.03: dvd::rip in action


You need to configure dvd::rip before you actually start a project. See the documentation for more information.

=> Download dvd::rip

#3: HandBrake

HandBrake is an open-source, GPL-licensed, multiplatform, multithreaded video transcoder, available for MacOS X, Linux and Windows. It can rip from any DVD or Bluray-like source such as VIDEO_TS folder, DVD image, real DVD or bluray (unencrypted -- removal of copy protection is not supported), and some .VOB, .TS and M2TS files. You can install HandBrake under Debian or Ubuntu Linux as follows:
$ sudo apt-get install handbrake-gtk

Fig.04: HandBrake in action

Fig.04: HandBrake in action

=> Download HandBrake

#4: k9copy

K9copy is a KDE DVD Backup tool. It allows the copy of a DVD9 to a DVD5. It is also known as a Linux DVD shrink. It supports the following features:

  • The video stream is compressed to make the video fiton a 4.7GB recordable DVD
  • DVD Burning
  • Creation of ISO images
  • Choosing which audio and subtitle tracks are copied.
  • Title preview (video only)
  • The ability to preserve the original menus.

To install k9copy, enter:
$ sudo apt-get install k9copy

Fig.05: k9copy - Linux dvd shrink in action

Fig.05: k9copy - Linux dvd shrink in action

=> Download k9copy

#5: thoggen

thoggen is a DVD backup utility ('DVD ripper') for Linux, based on GStreamer and Gtk+ toolkit. Thoggen is designed to be easy and straight-forward to use. It attempts to hide the complexity many other transcoding tools expose and tries to offer sensible defaults that work okay for most people most of the time. It support the following features:

  • Easy to use, with a nice graphical user interface (GUI).
  • Supports title preview, picture cropping, and picture resizing.
  • Language Selection for audio track (no subtitle support yet though).
  • Encodes into Ogg/Theora video.
  • Can encode from local directory with video DVD files.
  • Based on the GStreamer multimedia framework, which makes it fairly easy to add additional encoding formats/codecs in future.

You can install thoggen as follows:
$ sudo apt-get install thoggen

Fig.06: Thoggen in action

Fig.06: Thoggen in action

=> Download thoggen

Other Tools and Back-ends

=> You need to install various libraries to use the above mentioned tools such as (yum or apt-get commands will install them automatically for you):

  • libdvdcss2 - Simple foundation for reading DVDs - runtime libraries.
  • libdvdnav4 - DVD navigation library.
  • libdvdread4 - library for reading DVDs.

=> mencoder - Personally, I use mencoder to rip my DVDs into .avi files as follows:

mencoder dvd://2 -ovc lavc -lavcopts vcodec=mpeg4:vhq:vbitrate="1200" -vf scale -zoom -xy 640 -oac mp3lame -lameopts br=128 -o /nas/videos/my-movies/example/track2.avi

Please note that AcidRip, is a graphical frontend for mencoder.

=> VLC - Yes, VLC can rip DVDs too.

=> Transcode is a suite of command line utilities for transcoding video and audio codecs, and for converting between different container formats. Transcode can decode and encode many audio and video formats. Both K9Copy and dvd::rip are a graphical frontend for transcode.

=> Wine - It is an open source software for running Windows applications on other operating systems. You can use popular MS-Windows application such as DVDFab to rip encrypted DVD's and DVD Shrink to shrink them to smaller size. I do not *recommend* and encourage this option as it goes against the FOSS philosophy. The following screenshot based on trial version of DVDFab:

Fig.07: Running DVDFab under Wine v1.2.2

Fig.07: Running DVDFab under Wine v1.2.2

See also:

Have a favorite Linux DVD ripper software or ripping tip? Let's hear about it in the comments below.

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{ 38 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Toad February 7, 2011 at 2:13 pm

i expected more information on which tools are most useful to rip encrypted DVDs. When is the last time you ripped an unencrypted DVD?

Once I’ve purchased a DVD, it’s my choice when and how I watch it, and my choice is on my secondary computer while surfing the web on the primary. I also choose to copy DVDs to my file server and then pack the DVD into boxes which I store in the attic. DVD ripping software is the way I accomplish this, which is fair use, not piracy. I’d appreciate if authors didn’t pretend piracy is the primary use of encryption rippers or that there is no lawful and fair use of software to rip encrypted DVDs.

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2 nixCraft February 7, 2011 at 2:36 pm

I pointed out libdvdcss2 earlier in the post itself. Once you install it you can copy encrypted DVD. The mencoder command with libdvdcss2 can make copies of most of the DVDs including encrypted one.

DRM system in most DVD and/ Blu-Ray discs attempts to stop us from exercising our very own fair use rights, including playing purchased Blu-Ray and DVD media using Open Source software or backup or storing images on NAS for home network streaming. I’m not big fan of DRM either.

Do you wanna see a step-by-step guide on how to copy encrypted DVDs and BDs?

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3 Toad February 7, 2011 at 2:51 pm

I am sorry, I missed your mention of libdvdcss2. However, said mention isn’t exactly highlighted in your article.

I appreciate the work you have done to evaluate alternatives. I’m not asking for a step-by-step guide, although others may find that more useful. What I would like is a recommendation on which is the best for copying encrypted DVDs and what packages are needed to make it work. Obviously, “best” is subjective, but the point is to help the reasonably competent user select a package and do his own research on just exactly what steps and settings are necessary to get a good result.

I admit, I’ve been using DVD Shrink, and I *HATE* relying on the PC world for quality software. But the latest encryptions are beyond DVD Shrink and I need to pick something new.

Thanks again for your work.

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4 ralliott February 7, 2011 at 7:19 pm

yes please, i want to be able to watch movies or tv shows while plugged into dialysis machine 5 hours per day three times a week

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5 Toad February 7, 2011 at 2:59 pm

I reread your section on libdvdcss2. Is it the key piece, and there is no other which will deal with encryption? If so, that was my mistake. I assumed that, like the PC world, there were competing ways of breaking the encryption. If everything relies on that one package, then the only real choice is which interface you like best, i.e. none is inherently better than another.

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6 TryThis February 7, 2011 at 4:57 pm

I hate to break it to you, libdvdcss2 will only work with older DVDs. Try using latest DVDs from Sony or other providers and you will go nuts in no time. I’m with you Toad, when I pay a DVD, I must be allowed to copy it for my personal use. *Beep* DRM, I will download stuff from Bittorent.

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7 Mars Bonfire January 23, 2013 at 9:17 pm

Sorry to interject here, but I’ve read all the posts below and thought jumping in here might save people a lot of time and effort regarding ripping and transcoding in Linux, plus I have never read such a collection of misinformation and utter rubbish regarding the ‘supposed’ inabilities of Linux rippers and the amazing capabilities of Windows DVDFab.
I run 2 Microsoft, 1 BSD, 1 Solaris & 4 Linux OS’ on an ASUS G74SX Gamers Laptop with Quad-core CPU, an NVIDIA 580M GPU running a 17.3″ LCD a 1920 x 1080 rez, with 12GB RAM; and I have NEVER been defeated in ripping any DVD using a variety of Linux rippers! As to a comment about Linux ‘ libdvdcss2′ decryption library only being able to rip OLD DVDs…utter rubbish! Each year I successfully rip to my library betwenn 100 and 160 of the latest, supposedly un-rippable DVDs that employ the latest generations of SONY, Macrovision, or ARCO-encryption on DVDs from DIsney and others (The Incredibles, Wall-E, Farscape, LOTR, Avatar, etc, etc.) with both Windows and Linux-based apps and have yet to suffer a single defeat. Why? I am a bed-ridden parapalegic with very little else to do but enjoy movies.
As to DVDFab for Windows: admittedly, it is very good ripper BUT has spat out several mint-condition DVDs because of protection it could not overcome. 9 in 2012 to be exact. Those very same discs I was able to handily decrypt with a number of Linux apps. The best ‘test’ DVD I have EVER encountered – one that will bring DVDFab and 4 other very highly regarded Windows rippers to die, goes by the title of ‘Why We Fight’ – a very recent ddocumentary (2006?) NOT to be confused with the old, WW II, Frank Capra documentary of the same name. Yet the few DVDs that have defeated the 2012 version of DVDFab (8 so far) were easily ripped by only one other Windows ripper and SEVERAL rippers – GUI and CLI – from Linux. One of my Linux favourites is a dead-accurate, simple CLI-type named ‘dvdbackup’ that delivers an exact copy of the DVDs VIDEO_TS folder – which is present on all movie DVDs – but stripped of all it’sencryption aand is my preferred rip ‘outcome’ as decrypted VIDEO_TS folders can be played perfectly in VLC, Dragon, and several other GNOME, KDE and XFCE video and multimedia players – plus I can very easily burn that folder (along with an empty AUDIO_TS folder you create) back ‘as-is’ to a DVD-/+(DVD 5) or a DVD-/+R-DL (DVD 9) that can be played through any stand-alone DVD player (NTSC or PAL) hooked up to any TV. I can also transcode a copy of the same VIDEO-TS folder into any codec/container I wish to try out by using ‘Handbrake’ or any number of free apps from Linux, Windows, and even BSD.
As to the 21 (yes..21!!!) Linux ripper/transcoders I have discovered over the years, I cannot address them all here, BUT as far as one mentioned below – OGMRip -while it can produce an inferior but reasonably viewable product (except on an HDTV), do YOU have 4 TO 5 HOURS TO KILL waiting for a result? I sure asssheck don’t and I can’t go anywhere! PLUS; if you install it then try to take it out, because of Linux’s poorly policed linkages of apps to libraries, UNINSTALLING OGMRip WILL DESTROY YOUR OS whether it be Debain, Ubuntu or Fedora-based. Please do not use it. ‘Thoggen’ produces the same quality output – evenbetter to my eyes and ears than OGMRip – and does it in 1/3 the time without dismantling your OS should you uninstall it.
Sincere best wishes and happy viewing,
Mr. J. Mars Bonfire

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8 georgio February 7, 2011 at 5:44 pm

vlc could be an excellent solution to all this, but since a few releases there is a bug that cuts the audio if the dvd extends to a second layer. It makes the whole thing unreliable (whether you rip your home made dvds, or commercial ones).

I’ll take a look at those other tools. I love my NaS, and I hate it when my kids handle my DVDs, so …

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9 oll February 7, 2011 at 7:45 pm

Note that in order to play them on a multimedia device that can read ISO files (like for instance the Linux-based ones from Popcorn Hour), a simple :

dd if=/dev/dvd of=ChickenRun.iso

does the trick.
Of course, this generates a very big file (6gb), but it simply works and can be useful when you don’t succeed in transcoding your DVD.

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10 jd February 8, 2011 at 5:23 am

No, that doesn’t do the trick. At least not in North America. Not without expensive hardware that ignores copy protection.

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11 oll February 8, 2011 at 12:50 pm

Yes, it does. At least for most DVD CSS protection encrypts the data, not the physical structure on cd DVD ROm (as other copy protections, especially for games, do).
What dd does is to copy the bitstream (the iso file). You won’t be able to mount it for watching your DVD since you don’t have the private key (or unless you succeed in using libcss).
But, if you transferred the ISO file (the structure) to your device that understand iso, and if it has the encryption key (because it paid a fee to the DVD consortium), it can perfectly read it since it can decrypt the data.
This is perfectly legal : you never tried to break the encryption.

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12 oll February 8, 2011 at 9:42 pm

As we say in France “only fools never change their opinion” , and indeed, JD’s post made me want to go further in investigating. I was too confident of the dd solution just because it worked with the few DVD that I ripped using dd. ( a basic scientist error : testing on a too few samples)
And indeed, I did a test with one of a DVD I only suceed ripping using Windosw DVD Fab (Spiderman 3) and I have indeed an i/O error after 300mb of ripping.
Going to wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Content_Scramble_System , it appears indeed that CSS DOES encrypt the bitstream (and not only the data).
I can’t say why it worked with my commercial Chicken Run DVD, and not with SpiderMan 3.
My “dd trick” remains valid to override transcoding problems (async between sound and video, quick shifting of video, and full of other problems regarding reencoding video and music in another codec, and syncing all that), but it indeed doesn’t always resolve the before step: decrypt the bistream.

By the way, I just

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13 oll February 8, 2011 at 9:55 pm

(sorry for the truncated post)
By the way, I just discovered by coincidence this software in Ubuntu repository : arista ( http://www.transcoder.org/ ). It looks like like an elegant software that worths trying it, despite the fact I didn’t succeed in being able to chose the dvd tracks. Anyway, it looks quite promising.

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14 Anon February 8, 2011 at 3:52 am

K9Copy also has a gnome friedly lighter version of itself called backlite

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15 an0n February 8, 2011 at 5:40 am

JUst put one on the list: Handbrake. The rest are junk or outdated.:)

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16 Brent February 8, 2011 at 4:13 pm

I always thought h264enc was good. But handbrake is good too.

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17 Cog February 9, 2011 at 1:59 pm

I’d be interested in a step-by-step solution to rip VOBs from a DVD using terminal only. I want to do this because I have a number of headless Linux machines with an external USB DVD drive; I could insert the disk in the evening and let a cron job rip the disk.

So far the process has been to use one of a number of methods to make a direct copy of the DVD to an ISO, then use VobCopy to extract a single VOB, containing the main content, to a file.

To make the ISO, I’ve tried DD (doesn’t work reliably) and the optical device equivalent (forget its name but it works). Once I have the ISO, vobcopy sometimes successfully extracts the VOB from the ISO.

I’m happy with the VOBs because I can share them to my PS3, and they are unchanged – not compressed in any way. Like many people, I want the content on my server and the boxes in the loft.

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18 nwspmp February 11, 2011 at 5:21 pm

MakeMKV. As long as you’re talking about the rip only, and don’t care on the transcode/compress, you can’t get any better than MakeMKV.

It works on Blu-Ray and DVD, so already it’s pretty useful. Basically, you put the DVD/BR in the drive, it takes care of the encryption, and then you select which titles or videos to export. It exports them in raw, uncompressed format, sans encryption/CSS/AACS.

I use this to backup all of my DVDs and Blu-Rays to a set of networked drives on my Home Theater PC which, running XBMC, allows me full access to every DVD/BR I own without having to risk the physical media.

On top of that, while in “beta” (only had one problem, which was fixed quite quickly) it’s free of charge and only requires entering a new serial or running through a very simple install process once a month.

Typically, if I want to save space or transcode, I take the files output from MakeMKV and run them through Handbrake. Works like a charm.

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19 garrett February 26, 2013 at 10:41 pm

Can’t find makemkv anywhere for Linux.

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20 vin February 11, 2011 at 5:25 pm

No OGMRip????

Think, easy as Thoggen but encodes to a large range of predefined container and codec profiles. It’s a beauty.

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21 NuncEstBibendum February 11, 2011 at 5:30 pm

The only two worth considering are HandBrake and k9copy. The rest work more or less, usually failing miserably with modern DVDs. The very worst is, without any doubt, dvd::rip, which should have been consigned to the trash bin ages ago. At any rate, it has been my experience that all these tools will eventually choke on DVDs that the Windows-only application DVDFab can rip successfully. Well, at least it runs well under Wine.

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22 Vinícius February 20, 2011 at 12:48 am

Arista Transcoder seems to be very good: http://www.transcoder.org/

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23 Ed June 26, 2011 at 7:55 pm

DVDFab is probably the most capable software on this list. Unfortunately, many dvd’s are defective by design, and none of the Linux software accounts for this, they just abort when they see errors or sectors beyond the end of the media. DVDFab goes the extra mile to remove these types of copy protection.

I’d love to see an OSS version of dvdfab, heck even a linux native version would be great!

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24 Jonas July 1, 2011 at 4:57 pm

The only app that truly works for all discs is DVDFab. I run it in a virtual Win7 machine within VirtualBox, and it works fine (just set your DVD drive mode to passthrough).

As for the time limit for DVDFab, that’s what VirtualBox snapshots are for… :)

No one operating system will do everything you need. For me, Linux is the closest thing to a perfect desktop OS as you can get, but I still must use a virtual machine to run the essentials like Office, DVDFab, TurboTax, etc. Keep those clunky Windows apps where they belong – in a sandbox.

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25 Gavin July 12, 2011 at 1:44 pm

ddrescue will make an image from a dvd, even with “bad sectors”, then you can use whatever tool you want to re-encode to an avi or m4v.

$ ddrescue -n -b 2048 /dev/dvd dvd.iso dvd.log

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26 mplayer July 21, 2011 at 9:00 pm

mplayer dvd:// -dumpstream -dumpfile video.vob

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27 Rick Dean August 22, 2011 at 4:49 am

The dvdnav mode does a better job overcoming copy protection. Also “4″ in the example below is the title number.

mplayer dvdnav://4//dev/sr0 -dumpstream -dumpfile Biutiful.vob

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28 James September 1, 2011 at 9:33 am

I wish there was a Linux solution like DVD Fab…I hate going back to windows every time I have to copy a DVD.None of the Linux software works as well as DVD FAB.

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29 Pete G November 30, 2011 at 11:08 pm

Guys.
Ever heard of “Shrink Wrap Laws?”
Some states, Texas is one that has a Shrink wrap law.
Basically it states you have the right to make a backup coppy for protection of loss of software etc you have rightlfully purchased.
I use DD and it works.
I have no intention of going through the hoops os explaining how it works.
There are probably several thousand web sites that explaine it in detail.
See ya,
rip away it’s probably legal in your state also.
Search Google, for state shringk wrap law

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30 Miven February 15, 2012 at 11:43 pm

I use ‘tccat’ in a function like this, and never had a problem. But I hate FBI threats, trailers, and menus too.

function rip_chapter () {
name=$1
title=$2
angle=$3
chapter=$4
pnum=”`printf “%04i” $chapter`”
ptitle=”`printf “%02i” $title`”
dname=”${name}_${ptitle}_${angle}_${pnum}.mp2″
echo “\`${dname}’…”
PROG=”tccat”
DIROPTS=”-i $CDDEV”
# DIROPTS=”-i /media/cdrom”
XOPTS=”-T ${title},${chapter},${angle}”
RIPCMD=”${PROG} ${DIROPTS} ${XOPTS} > ${dname}”
echo “$RIPCMD”
eval $RIPCMD 2>/dev/null
}

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31 SRG February 26, 2012 at 7:56 pm

I really can’t find a suitable tool that works well and easily.
DVD:Rip is too complicated and cumbersome.
Handbrake has no packages for Ubuntu 11.10, that doesn’t smell too good for the support of this tool and its ability to works well.
I’ve tried DVDFab on Windows – there are a lot of good critics – and really i’m surprised, this tool is bugged as hell (only tried the last evalution version : it crashes all the time (the program ends soudainly, sometimes while selecting chapters, etc.), and it’s a real mess to rip multiple chapters easily (there are always a lot of clicks).

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32 TJ December 30, 2012 at 3:14 am

I had difficulty installing handbrake as well; looked around and found I needed to add two repositories (using Xubuntu 12.10)

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stebbins/handbrake-releases
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stebbins/handbrake-snapshots
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install handbrake-gtk

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33 ZeroCrisis March 14, 2012 at 12:35 pm

After reading this, I thought I would mention what DVD ripper I use. I use Plato DVD ripper Professional. I have found NO DVD it cannot rip, and I have ripped more than 1,000+ movies with it. Yea its not all fancy a program, but it gets the job done every single time. Its the only ripper I found that can rip ALL the Disney movies in my collection that I have for my kids. Seems like Disney movies have some odd protection on some of them, because all the other software I tried either hang up, or simply just stops working when trying to rip them. From what I can tell, Plato just seems to simply play the movie in 1.5x speed, and record the thing as its playing it. Sound and Video are always in sync, and movies ripped to mpeg4 have good quality.

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34 max K April 8, 2012 at 9:27 am

Do any of these free version record 1080p? or even 720p?

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35 bristou September 12, 2012 at 12:20 am

I like OgmRip a lot because it allows me to rip several audio stream and subtitle streams in one file very easily. I am in a multilingual family and environments, so it’s quite useful to me. The interface is simple, it auto select the longest track, and it comes with several predefined profiles for transcoding. I usually use the PC low quality profile, which results in a ~700MB file with good enough quality to be viewed on a laptop monitor.

I haven’t had any problems with encryption/DRM so far, but it does not mean that it can handle encrypted DVD, maybe I just haven’t encountered any encrypted DVD so far…

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36 Ardent September 15, 2012 at 6:00 pm

Greetings,

Well I think I would like acid rip except that it doesn’t seem to be able to find my dvd player. I’m not great at all this programing stuff, but I did try to get it to properly point to my dvd/cd player. It does not seem to like any file names I give it including the one for my video iso files. I suppose using a net book not equipped with it’s own dvd/cd player stumps the programing of acid rip.

For reference I am using an Acer netbook running linux mint. My dvd player is out of another laptop, put into a dvd/cd usb case.

Have not yet tried another option and I’m not sure I want to if I continue to have this issue. Thanks for the recommendations anyway, just want you to be aware that your top pick doesn’t work for some of us.

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37 jack December 23, 2012 at 10:07 pm

great article I have dual boot and always found windows to out shine linux when it comes to dvd back up VSO magic DVD has worked flawless

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38 Ramon December 24, 2012 at 8:46 pm

Perfecto, me sirvió mucho.
Gracias por el post.

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