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Download OpenSuse Linux 10.2

Download OpenSuse

Update: Download latest OpenSuse Linux version 10.3.

I know most of us tired of answering questions about the Microsoft-Novell deal.. but OpenSuse Linux 10.2 is here....

openSUSE is a community project, sponsored by Novell, to develop and maintain SUSE Linux components (such as YaST).

Some of the Good application included:
* AppArmor: gives certain applications rights based on how they run and interact with the environment.
* YaST: a system management application
* Xen: virtualization software
* The KDE and GNOME desktop environments and many more

It's available for download on http://download.openSUSE.org in x86, x86-64, and ppc versions - via ftp from our mirrors and bittorrent.

Read more at OpenSuse mailing list...

How to add Windows TrueType fonts easily in Linux desktop system

How do you use Windows True Type fonts in Linux or how do you install Windows TrueType fonts in Linux? - A typical newbie question.

Fonts are very important. When you migrate from Windows XP to Linux you may miss Truetype font. TrueType is a font standard developed by Apple Computer. By 1991 Microsoft had built TrueType into the Windows 3.1 operating system. The FreeType project provides TrueType under Linux. So let us see how to backup your Windows TrueType fonts and install them in Linux.

It is quite easy to add Windows True Type fonts in Linux. First make sure you copy Windows fonts on USB pen (usually located in C:\Windows\Fonts directory) or just mount windows NTFS/FAT partition. You can copy selected or all fonts from C:\Windows\Fonts directory.

Linux Gnome desktop

=> Open your default file manger or double click Computer icon on Gnome desktop
=> Type url:
Alternatively, select Open Location? from file menu and type
=> Once window open, just drag and drop fonts into this new windows from USB pen or mounted partition. Don't forget to restart application or just logout and login again.

Novell Suse Linux

  • Novell Suse Linux has Font installer.
  • Open Font installer from System administration option located on gecko menu > Personal settings
  • Provide root password when prompted
  • Click on Add fonts button
  • Now install fonts from USB pen or mounted Windows Partition
  • Save changes
  • Don't forget to restart your desktop (just logout and login again)

Quick way to switch from KDE to GNOME or viceversa

This tip is submitted by reader Zacharie:

switchdesk is the command to switch from KDE to GNOME or viceversa. This command provides a simple method of choosing between the various desktop environments available under Fedora Core, Cent OS and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

If X Windows is running, switchdesk will bring up a dialog box which allows the user to choose between the available desktops installed on the system.

Task: To switch from GNOME to KDE, use the command

$ switchdesk kde

Task: To switch from KDE to GNOME, use the command

$ switchdesk gnome

Please note that file ~/.Xclients, ~/.Xclients-default stores the currently selected desktop.

A note about other distros/BSD

switchdesk is RedHat and friends only command. If you are using different Linux distribution or FreeBSD, open ~/.xinitrc file and type full path to your desktop manager. For example, to use xfce4 desktop:
$ vi .xinitrc
Append following line (your path may be different use, which command to get exact path):

Save and close the file. Enjoy new desktop.

While login you will see option for different desktops (provided that all of them are installed). Usually this is located below Username / password box or lower left button. Just select appropriate desktop (KDE/XFC4 etc).

Load KDE while running Gnome

You can load KDE while running Gnome desktop (thanks to sweta for pointing it out):
Just open your gnome terminal and type the command:
$ startkde &

Linux Desktop How to shutdown, restart or logoff gnome via command / Launcher

It is true that Gnome desktop provides nice facility to logoff, shutdown or restart computer with dialog. You can create a nice shortcut to avoid the GUI confirmation dialog box to speed up work.

(A) Shutdown computer
i) Right click on Desktop > Select Create Launcher
ii) Type the Command in text box “sudo /sbin/shutdown -h 0” and for rest of properties refer following figure:

iii) Click Close to save. Please note that only root will be able to shutdown system. However with the help of sudo it is possible that non-privileged can also shutdown the system (without password). Type following commands:
a) Login as root user

b) Type visudo command:

c) Append following text of line, so that all commands will be excuted without password.
vivek localhost= NOPASSWD: /sbin/shutdown -h 0
vivek localhost= NOPASSWD: /sbin/reboot

By default, sudo requires that a user authenticate him or herself before running a
command. This behavior is modified with NOPASSWD flag i.e. shutdown and reboot command would allow user vivek run as root on the localhost as root without authenticating (password) himself

d)Save the file and replace command in above figure with sudo /sbin/shutdown -h now and close the dialog Launcher dialog box.

(B) Restart computer
i) Right click on Desktop > Select Create Launcher
ii) Type the Command in text box “sudo /sbin/restart” and for rest of properties refer following figure:

(C) Logoff Gnome

i) Right click on Desktop > Select Create Launcher
ii) Type the Command in text box “/usr/bin/gnome-session-save --kill” and for rest of properties refer following figure:

iii) Make sure you turnoff user logout dialog box. Type command OR Click on Applications > Desktop Preferences > Advanced > Sessions and clear the option box 'Prompt on logout' > Click close to save changes.

You can also use logoff script, to logoff KDE/Gnome desktop session. All these hacks should also work with FreeBSD or OpenSolaris desktop.