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hardware compatibility

The Novice Guide To Buying A Linux Laptop

All major laptop (notebook) hardware is supported by Linux. The important things to take into account when looking to buy a Linux powered laptops are as follows to avoid any hardware compatibility problems. Selecting correct specification is important. In this first part, I will cover what to look out for when buying a Linux powered laptop.
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Linux Is Supposed To Be Easy?

Linux is extremely powerful, robust and flexible, which means it must have a significant amount of complexity. Do you think I learnt everything in a day? I don't know who told you Linux was easy, many times other people make it harder than it has to be by thinking they need to understand everything at once.

Some Preliminary Advice

Some recommendations I would give you before you began with Linux:

  • Take it easy. Frustration makes things worse for everyone.
  • Never try anything for the first time in a production environment. Always use test environment. For example, iptables firewall or complex security configurations. Always use a test computer or virtual machine to test the various applications, configurations and settings. It will save lots of time. Recommended virtualization software - Vmware or Xen or VirtualBox
  • Another option is start your journey with with LiveCDs. See the list of all Linux, BSD, LiveCDs and LiveDVDs here.
  • Always refer to hardware compatible list (HCL) and kernel source documentation directory (/usr/src/linux/Documentation/) to check your hardware compatibility.
  • Learn to read and search command man pages and vi / vim text editor. Type vimtutor at a shell prompt. The Vimtutor is useful for people that want to learn their first Vim commands.
  • Don't try to set or create ultra secure servers / services on your first shot. Mess with test system couple times i.e. play for a while until you understand everything. Don't stress out for the perfect solution, it will slow you down.
  • Stay away from advanced stuff until you learn the basic stuff like, ssh, vi text editor, directory structure, log files, searching and greping files, network configuration, package management, patch management, troubleshooting techniques using host, ping, route, ifconfig and other tools.
  • Learn regex and text utilities such as sed, awk, grep and others. It will save lots of time in a long run.
  • Learn to customize your own login environment. This will give you good idea about many configuration options such as ftp, vi, Gnome, Kde, GUI tools and much more. Get a good Linux book, it will be a big help (see below for recommend books).
  • Don't hesitate to ask your questions on the forums and mailing lists. Also help others in the forums when you can. You will be supervised to find out how explaining stuff to someone else helps you understand it better.
  • Learn to automate stuff using shell scripts.
  • When you run into a problem with a configuration, make sure you read:
    • The man pages
    • The info pages
    • Read package README.txt, INSTALL.txt and other files stored in a current directory or /usr/share/doc/package-name directory.
  • Use google / yahoo search engines to do several searches with different terms. My personal experience you may get answer in the forums / websites / mailing lists. Only rarely have my problems not already been answered in the forums.
  • Subscribe to security alert mailing lists.
  • Learn to compile packages using make, configure and other build tools.
  • Once you learnt terminology and basic things, start configuring basic services such as Apache. They idea is simple start by getting something up and visible. Take a time to explore stuff and get comfortable with each service / servers. Always configure one service at a time and get familiar with them one at a time.
  • Don't compare Windows utilities / software with equivalent Linux software. Windows is not Linux or vise versa.
  • Don't try to replace Windows desktop with Linux desktop. Windows desktop has better applications stack. Similarly, Windows can't replace Linux. You need to consider various factors before migrating from Windows systems.
  • Gather experience.
  • Finally, always ignore flame wars such as 'vim vs emacs editor' or 'BSD vs Linux'.

Good Luck!

References / Recommend Readings:

This might come handy...

The HCL (Hardware Compatibility List) now includes OpenSolaris content. Sun's hardware compatibility list includes the systems and components that run OpenSolaris, and the drivers and devices it supports.

=> HCL for OpenSolaris

This is an interesting review on PC-BSD and to be honest it looks like a decent alternative to desktop Linux.

I’ve already written about Linux vs FreeBSD on server with lots of interesting commentary from both FreeBSD and Linux fan boys users. I'm using Linux desktop since 1999 and I will never go back to Windows. Many of my friends and coworkers owns Mac OS X but I don't have any plan to jump into it either. However Dru Lavigne offers another alternative PC-BSD ~ the other open source Unix descendant:

Ubuntu is known as Linux for Human Beings, because it's driven by the philosophy that "software should be available free of charge, software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and people should have the freedom to customize and alter their software in whatever way they see fit" (Ubuntu Documentation).

PC-BSD, on the other hand, "has been designed with the casual computer user in mind. Installing the system is simply a matter of a few clicks and a few minutes for the installation process to finish. Hardware such as video, sound, network, and other devices will be auto-detected and available at the first system startup. Home users will immediately feel comfortable with PC-BSD's desktop interface, with KDE 3.5 running under the hood. Software installation has also been designed to be as painless as possible, simply double-click and software will be installed...

=> Linux vs. BSD, What's the Difference? [linuxdevcenter.com]

There's an old saying that goes, if it's not broken, don't fix it! My main concern is hardware compatibility especially wireless card. What do you think? Are you going for a test drive?