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Sun Solaris on its Deathbed – Claims Jim Zemlin

Jim Zemlin is executive director of the Linux Foundation claims Solaris UNIX is irrelevant and Linux is future. From the article:

Linux is enjoying growth, with a contingent of devotees too large to be called a cult following at this point. Solaris, meanwhile, has thrived as a longstanding, primary Unix platform geared to enterprises.

Sun officials believe the 16-year-old Solaris platform remains a pivotal, innovative platform. But at the Linux Foundation, there is a no-conciliatory stance; the attitude there is to tell Solaris and Sun to move out of the way. "The future is Linux and Microsoft Windows," says foundation Executive Director Jim Zemlin. "It is not Unix or Solaris."

Is Sun Solaris on its deathbed?

Sure Linux has great value but Solaris has its own market share. They make great OS with good features such as DTrace, ZFS and many more. Many government and defense project selects Solaris for Database and many mission critical applications, while Linux used for Web, mail and proxy services.

What do you think?

What will desktop Linux be like four years from now?

InfoWeek has an interesting article about the open-source future - What Linux Will Look Like In 2012:

Our open source expert foresees the future of Linux: By 2012 the OS will have matured into three basic usage models. Web-based apps rule, virtualization is a breeze, and command-line hacking for basic system configuration is a thing of the past.

I don't know about others but I'm using Linux desktop since 1999 and it won't change in 2012. May be it will be look like ;)
vivek@desktop:~ $

=> What Linux Will Look Like In 2012

Midori OS: Microsoft Sees End of Windows Era

Midori operating system is the code name for a microkernel-based operating system written as managed code, being developed at Microsoft, mooted as a possible successor to Microsoft Windows by many.

Midori will use the Internet to operate and data will be stored on central Microsoft server. It will remove the role of a single PC. From the BBC article:

Microsoft has kicked off a research project to create software that will take over when it retires Windows. Called Midori, the cut-down operating system is radically different to Microsoft's older programs. It is centred on the internet and does away with the dependencies that tie Windows to a single PC. It is seen as Microsoft's answer to rivals' use of "virtualisation" as a way to solve many of the problems of modern-day computing.

I don't know about Windows user, but Linux will be there as a desktop operating system along with other alternatives. I'm not going to store my data on 3rd company corporate network, I don't trust 3rd party for my data, period. Imagine security related problems. That's why, I don't use any of the Web 2.0 stuff including Google docs, flickr and so on.

Debugging Linux pppd / PPTP VPN Problems

I've already written about setting up PPTP VPN client for proprietary Microsoft Point-to-Point vpn server using Linux pptp client. Learn how to troubleshoot and resolve common PPTP network connection problems.

You need to run pppd in debug mode by passing debug option. The debug option enables connection debugging facilities. If this option is given, pppd will log the contents of all control packets sent or received in a readable form. The packets are logged through syslog with facility daemon and level debug.

Step # 1: Find out location of your debug file, enter:
# grep debug /etc/syslog.conf
Sample output:

        news.none;mail.none     -/var/log/debug
#       *.=debug;*.=info;\

/var/log/debug is your debug file.
Step # 2: Start pppd with debug option, enter:
# pppd debug call office.vpn
To see debug log, enter:
# tail -f /var/log/debug
Sample output:

Jul 30 16:10:56 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: using channel 28
Jul 30 16:10:57 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1    ]
Jul 30 16:10:58 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x89     ]
Jul 30 16:10:58 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: sent [LCP ConfAck id=0x89     ]
Jul 30 16:10:58 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: rcvd [LCP ConfAck id=0x1    ]
Jul 30 16:10:58 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: sent [LCP EchoReq id=0x0 magic=0xa3123563]
Jul 30 16:10:58 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: rcvd [CHAP Challenge id=0x1 , name = ""]
Jul 30 16:10:58 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: sent [CHAP Response id=0x1 <23962ce1340a0315661377969b543b870000000000000000f69db90c5ba79e5207ac61b073af5d732fbd6a605a7740d000>, name = "vivekgite"]
Jul 30 16:10:58 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: rcvd [LCP EchoRep id=0x0 magic=0x61a31410]
Jul 30 16:11:07 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: rcvd [CHAP Failure id=0x1 "E=691 R=0 M=Login incorrect"]
Jul 30 16:11:07 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: sent [LCP TermReq id=0x2 "Failed to authenticate ourselves to peer"]
Jul 30 16:11:07 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: rcvd [LCP TermReq id=0x8a]
Jul 30 16:11:07 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: sent [LCP TermAck id=0x8a]
Jul 30 16:11:07 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: rcvd [LCP TermAck id=0x8b]
Jul 30 16:11:07 vivek-desktop pppd[30951]: Script pptp offcie.vpn  --nolaunchpppd finished (pid 30952), status = 0x0

You can see my password or username failed (vpn authentication problem) to authenticate itself against the VPN server. Without debug message I won't able to solve any problem. You can fix chap authentication by editing /etc/ppp/chap-secrets file. See setting up PPTP VPN client tutorial for other debugging techniques.

Microsoft Backs Apache and Open Source

In the past Microsoft has been hostile to the open source movement. But At OSCON, Microsoft announced their sponsorship of "The Apache Software Foundation", joining Google and Yahoo! at Platinum level. Microsoft donated US $100k (minimum requirement, MS did not disclose how much money it had contributed) to Apache foundation. This sponsorship will enable the ASF to pay administrators and other support staff so that ASF developers can focus on writing great software.

According to Sam Ramji:

It is not a move away from IIS as Microsoft’s strategic web server technology. We have invested significantly in refactoring and adding new, state-of-the-art features to IIS, including support for PHP. We will continue to invest in IIS for the long term and are currently under way with development of IIS 8.

It is a strong endorsement of The Apache Way, and opens a new chapter in our relationship with the ASF. We have worked with Apache POI, Apache Axis2, Jakarta, and other projects in the last year, and we will continue our technical support and interoperability testing work for this open source software.

Richard Stallman Attacks On Proprietary Software Vendors

Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software Foundation published an interesting article on BBC news website. From the article:

To pay so much attention to Bill Gates' retirement is missing the point. What really matters is not Gates, nor Microsoft, but the unethical system of restrictions that Microsoft, like many other software companies, imposes on its customers. But Gates didn't invent proprietary software, and thousands of other companies do the same thing. It's wrong, no matter who does it.

Microsoft, Apple, Adobe, and the rest, offer you software that gives them power over you. A change in executives or companies is not important. What we need to change is this system.

That's what the free software movement is all about. "Free" refers to freedom: we write and publish software that users are free to share and modify.

=> It's not the Gates, it's the bars

Microsoft Admitted Windows Vista Failure – XP Gets Support Till 2014

I'm not pro windows user, nevertheless it is a good news. Some time I got to deal with Microsoft desktop products and vista is the worst operating system out there. Also, Microsoft may have little choice but to support XP for an extended period since most of its business customers have not upgraded to Windows Vista.

This is the best thing Microsoft could have ever done, IMPO. This will help both IT stuff, admins and users. Also Microsoft don't want to promote Linux here:

Without continued access XP, manufacturers of such systems would be forced to offer them with the rival Linux OS on board -- a situation Microsoft is hoping to preempt.

=> Microsoft Pledges Windows XP Support Through 2014