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Upgrading lighttpd is a piece of cake. There are two methods:

a) Use yum or apt-get or FreeBSD ports / command to update binary lighttpd package

b) Just download latest lighttpd tar ball from official web site and install the same.

Let us see how to upgrade lighttpd using source code (tar ball).

# 1 : Download lighttpd

Use wget or lftp command line http / ftp accelerator tools:
$ cd /opt
$ wget http://www.lighttpd.net/download/lighttpd-1.4.17.tar.gz

# 2 : Verify lighttpd

Use sha1sum or md5sum hash to verify lighttpd tar ball integrity:
$ md5sum lighttpd-1.4.17.tar.gz

# 3: Configure lighttpd

Now configure and compile lighttpd web server:
$ ./configure
$ make

# 4: Stop lighttpd

First stop currently running lighttpd web server:
# /etc/init.d/lighttpd stop
Make sure you are in installation directory, use the following command to uninstall old version:
# make uninstall

# 5: Install lighttpd

Just enter the following command:
# make install
Start lighttpd:
# /etc/init.d/lighttpd start
Watch out for lighttpd log files for any problems:
# tail -f /var/log/messages
# tail -f /var/log/lighttpd/error.log
# tail -f /var/log/lighttpd/scripts.log
# tail -f /var/log/lighttpd/access.log

A note about binary package upgrade method

You can download rpm file or use yum / apt-get command:
apt-get update lighttpd
yum update lighttpd

You can easily mount remote server file system or your own home directory using special sshfs and fuse tools.

FUSE - Filesystem in Userspace

FUSE is a Linux kernel module also available for FreeBSD, OpenSolaris and Mac OS X that allows non-privileged users to create their own file systems without the need to write any kernel code. This is achieved by running the file system code in user space, while the FUSE module only provides a "bridge" to the actual kernel interfaces. FUSE was officially merged into the mainstream Linux kernel tree in kernel version 2.6.14.

You need to use SSHFS to access to a remote filesystem through SSH or even you can use Gmail account to store files.

Following instructions are tested on CentOS, Fedora Core and RHEL 4/5 only. But instructions should work with any other Linux distro without a problem.

Step # 1: Download and Install FUSE

Visit fuse home page and download latest source code tar ball. Use wget command to download fuse package:
# wget http://superb-west.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/fuse/fuse-2.6.5.tar.gz
Untar source code:
# tar -zxvf fuse-2.6.5.tar.gz
Compile and Install fuse:
# cd fuse-2.6.5
# ./configure
# make
# make install

Step # 2: Configure Fuse shared libraries loading

You need to configure dynamic linker run time bindings using ldconfig command so that sshfs command can load shared libraries such as libfuse.so.2:
# vi /etc/ld.so.conf.d/fuse.conf
Append following path:
/usr/local/lib
Run ldconfig:
# ldconfig

Step # 3: Install sshfs

Now fuse is loaded and ready to use. Now you need sshfs to access and mount file system using ssh. Visit sshfs home page and download latest source code tar ball. Use wget command to download fuse package:
# wget http://easynews.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/fuse/sshfs-fuse-1.7.tar.gz
Untar source code:
# tar -zxvf sshfs-fuse-1.7.tar.gz
Compile and Install fuse:
# cd sshfs-fuse-1.7
# ./configure
# make
# make install

Mounting your remote filesystem

Now you have working setup, all you need to do is mount a filesystem under Linux. First create a mount point:
# mkdir /mnt/remote
Now mount a remote server filesystem using sshfs command:
# sshfs vivek@rock.nixcraft.in: /mnt/remote
Where,

  • sshfs : SSHFS is a command name
  • vivek@rock.nixcraft.in: - vivek is ssh username and rock.nixcraft.in is my remote ssh server.
  • /mnt/remote : a local mount point

When promoted supply vivek (ssh user) password. Make sure you replace username and hostname as per your requirements.

Now you can access your filesystem securely using Internet or your LAN/WAN:
# cd /mnt/remote
# ls
# cp -a /ftpdata . &

To unmount file system just type:
# fusermount -u /mnt/remote
or
# umount /mnt/remote

Further readings:

Installing software from a source code is common practice in UNIX and Linux world. Some time this is preferred method because it gives all power and flexibility you need to optimize your software such as MySQL, PHP, and Apache etc. However, uninstalling files installed from a source code tar ball is a big headache.

Two methods can be used to uninstall files:

Method # 1: make command

Use command make uninstall or equivalent supported command, Read INSTALL or README file in source code file to find out more about this method.

# make uninstall

Sure, this method sounds very easy but not supported by all tar balls.

Method # 2: find command

(a) Make a list of all files on the system before installing software i.e. a pre-installation list of all files on your system.

find /* > packgetlist.b4

(b) Now install the software (use configure & make to compile it)

make
make install

(c) Now make a list of all files on the system after installing software i.e. postinstall list

find /* > packagelist.after

(d) Next, compare both lists using the diff utility to find out what files are placing where. This list can be use to uninstall all files installed using source tar ball.
diff packagelist.b4 packagelist.after > package.uninstall.list

(e) After some time if you wish to uninstall files then you need to get list of files from package.uninstall.list file. Use following small for loop at shell prompt to remove all files:

for i in $(grep ">" package.uninstall.list | awk '{ print $2 }')
do
/bin/rm -fi $i
done

A note about binary packages

If you are using Debian / Ubuntu Linux, use following command to uninstall binary packages:
sudo apt-get remove {package-name}
If you are using Redhat / RHEL / Fedora / CentOS / Suse Linux, use following command to uninstall binary packages:
rpm -e {package-name}
OR
yum remove {package-name}