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grep command is the de facto tool for searching text files. However when there are too many matches, it can be difficult to find the requested text in the search results. grep comes with --color='auto' option. It surrounds the matching string with the colour, thus resulting enhanced output.

Finding string with color highlighting

Pass --color option to grep command:
# grep --color='auto' -i error /var/log/messages
Output:

............
...
Oct  9 16:12:14 vivek-desktop kernel: [   11.555442] bt878: probe of 0000:05:00.1 failed with error -22
Oct 10 17:35:28 vivek-desktop kernel: [   10.564710] bt878: probe of 0000:05:00.1 failed with error -22
Oct 11 10:15:34 vivek-desktop kernel: [   12.187477] bt878: probe of 0000:05:00.1 failed with error -22
Oct 11 14:29:56 vivek-desktop kernel: [   11.135309] bt878: probe of 0000:05:00.1 failed with error -22
..........
...
....

Now all matched text displayed using red color. The --color option to matches in the input in red color by default. Color is added via ANSI escape sequences. To change color use environment variable GREP_COLOR. Following will set background to red and foreground to white:
$ export GREP_COLOR='1;37;41'
$ egrep --color=auto -i '(error|fatal|warn|drop)' /var/log/messages

Output:
Quick tip: Easily find strings with gep color highlighting feature
I recommend putting following in ~/.bash_profile OR ~/.bashrc file:
$ vi ~/.bash_profile
Append following alias:
export GREP_COLOR='1;37;41'
alias grep='grep --color=auto'

Save and close the file. Please note that --color option works with many GNU text utilities, so feel free to use the same.

Linux and Unix like operating systems comes with z* commands. These commands allow you to read gzip compressed text files using zless, zcat, zmore and friends commands. The gzip command reduces the size of the files using Lempel-Ziv coding (LZ77). Whenever possible, each file is replaced by one with the extension .gz, while keeping the same ownership modes, access and modification times. z* commands has some cool usage too; such as display the current time in different zonename.
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